1/2017

1/2017 - ATLANTIS

 

The first issue of Atlantis in 2017, dedicates the dossier to the theme of the sea with all its implications, with all its global strategic implications.

Prestigious interview with Angelo Jannone, a former policeman who fought crime on multiple fronts.

It continues in this issue, the address book of the World and Disease with Tuberculosis.

The Focus country is dedicated to Nigeria.

Among other contributions of this edition, I have to mention those of Riccardo Palmerini and Serena Antoniazzi and Antonio Gesualdi.

It enriches the number of an article Prisco Piscitelli, on the occasion of the seventy years of the founding treaties of the united Europe.

Start a section dedicated to contemporary art from emerging countries, by Stefania Bozzo.

Editorial

Editorial - ATLANTIS

When America changes, 

changes the whole world

Welcome back Old America, welcome back dear Old Party. Donald Trump, a Republican, is the forty-fifth President of the United States. He became it after an electoral race, from the inner to the victory over Hilary Clinton Democratic primaries, played on polemical tones that have reached peaks of polemic and vulgarity unusual. Trump is a second generation entrepreneur of German origin. His biography is totally new for an American President. Married and divorced several times, he does not have the aplomb nor the traditional curriculum of his predecessors. He is a new man, as it was Donald Reagan. He likes to eat her Sunday dinners a few blocks from Trump Tower, New York, in an Italian restaurant together with his young children, preferring routinely chopping board of cold cuts and Italian cheeses, pappardelle, ossobuco and tiramisu. He highly appreciates Italian wines. No one can say today whether it will be a good president as it was Reagan. Who had vote for Trump and why? It tells us Maurizio Molinari, managing director of La Stampa and keen observer of American affairs. “It is the revolt of the white tribes of America to have won the presidential elections that brought Donald J. Trump at the White House. It is largely composed of middle-class families plagued by the effects of globalization, with strongholds in the workers states of the Midwest and of the region of Appalachians, of Anglo-Celtic an Anglo-Saxon origin, distrustful of the federal government and bearer of an idea of ​​freedom based on the right to prosperity, the white tribe has felt assaulted during the eight years of the Obama presidency “. Still Molinari: “It is a tribe for which economic rights are more important than those civilians, that is not upset by the vulgarity of Trump and hopes to «restore the America of the origins» as explained by the survey of the «Public Religion Research Institute » talking about a coalition of white men, workers and without a degree. Hillary Clinton in one of the mistakes of the campaign called them “déplorables” (miserable) and it is this silent majority that in the last 11 months went to vote en masse - as it had never done - by defeating in quick succession political dynasties which in the past thirty years have led Washington: the Bush and the Clinton. All this happened in spite of a demography that awards the sum of minorities, rejecting the first woman who could become president, humiliating the bipartisan establishment, the Hollywood stars, the army of pollsters and almost all of the media. Since America is a revolutionary nation, where populism established itself with the election of Andrew Jackson in 1829, it is a phenomenon that deserves respect even by those who do not share it. Especially as concerns us being very similar to the discomfort of the middle class in Europe has generated the British Brexit and feeds a heterogeneous galaxy of protest movements, from France to Germany to our country.” The analysis is faultless. The fact is that the real news lies elsewhere and is that America is still ruled by a white majority and not Catholic nor radical chic. It won the deep and popular America. The America of the Colt in his holster and rare T-Bone Steak in the pot; Country America of the border; America that feels itself an exception to the rest of the World; America fearful of the state and it feels the Lighthouse on the Hill; America of Baseball and Budweiser; America of the Pick-up and Coca-Cola. He won against all odds and predictions of analysts, professors and journalists. Who made an epoch-making a bad impression. Why? Because they do not live among the people. Meanwhile, they are mostly in New York and Washington. At most they are moving between Philadelphia, Chicago and Boston. But the deep America (though despised by the liberal and snobby left) is made up of farmers, artisans and breeders, small and medium entrepreneurs in the vast majority living in the province and not in the metropolis. Italians observers, then, are also conditioned by the traditional historical closeness to the Democrats, although with important exceptions, starting from the Republican mayor of New York, Fiorello La Guardia and then Rudolph Giuliani. During the election campaign, Trump has outlined what will be his economic policy: lower taxes, less social policies and pushing more to traditional economy. Trump certainly President Trump will not be the arrogant and provocative actor we met on the campaign trail. Which foreign policy will he implement? The democratic Wilsonism will be sidelined for a pragmatic foreign policy. He did not know yet the style of it and will be the case to wait the appointment of the Secretary of State to learn more about it. Republican presidencies have had so many different foreign policies but maybe it is likely a resemblance to that of Reagan than to that of Bush or the same great Richard Nixon led by the formidable Henry Kissinger. Franco Venturini, on Corriere della Sera, writes: “On paper Trump belongs to the field of isolationists, while Hillary Clinton was moving in that of the interventionists. The ideological label might lose strength during the presidency, but something surely will remain, and will make vain the promise of a new dominant America. Rather, America turned in on itself will strengthen the nascent multi-polarity dominated by regional powers and possible theater of regional wars. Supposing that the interests of the strong American powers allow Trump to an outlet of this kind, and that the Republican Congress approves.” Still Venturini: “Europe knows that it is expected for harsh electoral tests in the next twelve months. It knows that in the ballot box the nationalist-populist wave can push it towards disintegration. And now it has to face the Trump incognita. The new president gave the impression of not consider the EU except for “good business”. When he spokes of Europe he has mostly talked about NATO, warning the Allies that they will have to pay a lot more for their safety if they want the Alliance still has a future. It also advance new priorities: the fight against terrorism and illegal immigration, without being obsessed by the confrontation with Russia. Therefore problems and divisions in sight, but in theory also a great opportunity: if Europe does not understand to have to grow up now, it never will do it. Putin won his real battle, which was that of the defeat of the tricky Hillary Clinton. But he would be wrong to make himself too many illusions about Trump. The new president will have a pragmatic approach: if our number one enemy is Isis and so it is for Russia is better to find an agreement and beat it together. There is the tear of Crimea, of course, but it cannot block everything, and sanctions need to be rethought. That Russia will throw into the arms of China, then, it is not a good result. Therefore, with the Kremlin we have to discuss of everything and convergences are not excluded. Putin has something to be happy. But America will not be pliable or defeatist, as Hillary campaign declared with scandal. And Putin will have to do its part in a possible new reset. Game to be played. Will be strengthened the ties with Israel, great expectations for those with Saudi Arabia. Even with China relations are all to be determined after repeated boutades during the election campaign, aimed at capturing the worker electorate vote. In Egypt, Al Sisi is definitely happier of a Trump presidency rather a Clinton presidency. A strong relationship with Trump could help Libya that most interests us, because General Haftar, Cyrenaica master, is closely tied to the interests of Cairo.

As for international trade, Trump has heralded a return to protectionism and he does not look favorably the TTIP with Europe, it threaten the North American NAFTA, he does not exclude to go out of the WTO. We hope they were just slogans and that the Trump President mend his ways. These however, the first declaration of the new President: “I want to tell the world community that while we will always put America’s interests first, we will deal fairly with everyone. All peoples and all nations. We will seek a meeting point, and not hostility. Collaborations and not conflicts”.

Finally. Perhaps, to professors, to professional politicians, to Italians and Europeans public techno-bureaucrats will not like him but on the other side of the Atlantic the American people has won (again).

 

Interview with Angelo Jannone

Interview with Angelo Jannone - ATLANTIS

Working on culture 

of security

 

Interview with Angelo Jannone, Internal Audit Compliance (CAE) Director of ItaliaOnLine.

 

 

 

Simone De Pietri

 

 

Angelo Jannone, 55 years old, is a colonel of the ROS (Special Operations Group) on leave. Currently he is the Internal Audit & Compliance Director of ItaliaOnLine, the most important Italian web company, associate professor of techniques and methodologies of the investigation at Ludes Lugano, as well as being an information security expert, the subject for which he earned on 2013, the title of Associate Professor.

Author of numerous publications and essays, including Intelligence, a method for the pursuit of truth - Eurilink 2010, in which also painted in advance, the scenario of the global threat. Atlantis Magazine interviewed him.

 

Dr. Jannone, security is always an important issue. I suppose you deal with it also for ItaliaOnLine.

ItaliaOnLine is the largest Italian web company that, only with domains Libero and Virgilio, manages more than 10 million e-mail users, which means data.

In ItaliaOnLine safety culture is widespread. For us the data security related to customer, besides ethical factor, represents the heart of our credibility on the market.

My management is not directly involved in security of which other business functions deal with it, but it ensures compliance with the rules.

Our users or customers, with ItaliaOnLine, have a dual guarantee: firstly that their data are processed in Italy and in accordance with national legislation. Which it is important, since it is known that our conduct in terms of privacy, it is even more severe than in other European countries. The European Regulation, which will come into force in the coming months, in many ways simplifies rules and requirements.

But above all ItaliaOnLine has for a long time now adopted very high security protocols and standards. For example, the password with double security on Libero Mail, that our users can subscribe it for free. When a user enters into its Libero account, for example, by an unknown device or location, it will be asked to insert, in addition to the password, a verification code number sent on its phone via SMS. In this way if someone tried to enter into its account, even if it managed to insert the password may still not have access to the mailbox, because it lacks the necessary verification code.

The secure password service is an important step forward that ItaliaOnLine first took in Italy. To strengthen it, we also make awareness campaigns on our social networks, aimed at spreading the safety culture with a positive mood, as do also on the thematic portal Libero Technology, which has a specific section dedicated to computer security news.

 

In the book by Alec Ross translated into Italian with the title Our future, the information security topic is recurrent and is closely related to the defense of financial data, of the terrorist threat, etc.

I answer you by quoting another even more shocking text: “War without limits” two of two Chinese troopers, Liang Qiao and Xiangsui Wang. They were considered the theorists of asymmetric war, that form of multiple wars, which have supplanted for a long time now the traditional idea of ​​war on equal terms. The asymmetry of the fighting, combined with the enormous potential of ICT, that is the Information and Communication Technology, is what has to make someone think more.

Asymmetric war means terrorism, but also cyber terrorism. It can represent the welding point between the two issues mentioned in his application: data security, the economics/ financials information and the terrorist threat. A threat that concerns not only the radical Islam. Will be sufficient remember the case of APT1, the Advanced Persistent Threat, of Shanghai, a large group of hackers recruited to the Beijing government service, against US economic interests, discovered in 2013 by the American intelligence.

Otherwise, the attack to the Jupitar communication network of 2015, which were suspected Russia and China.

In summary, in the shadow of the international terrorism, the great powers today fight and defend themselves particularly from an information warfare, in which the critical factor of success is the availability of advanced computer skills.

The services of the different countries - and this applies also to Italy - have available hackers with advanced computer skills, in an absolutely inadequate measure.

That’s why they enlist freelancers, who often ask keys in hand results.

Returning to Ross, I fully agree with the fears and the scenery he painted. The most significant threats today are related to the web which is bearer of criminal phenomena in their own, but only one tool in line with the times, that amplifies the possibilities and techniques, of crime forms that we already know. Phishing, for examples, is only specious and different types of economic frauds that could be done by on line and traditional payment instruments. But steal data and sensitive information can also allow extortions of every kind.      

Even some forms of illicit transition, as weapons or synthetic drugs, have found on the web and, above all in the deep web, a safer way.

Terrorism of the 70s made proselytism in collectives. The terrorist threat of Islamic background today make proselytism through the utilities made available by the new and several communication technologies; first and foremost the social networks, or the discussion groups. 

 

The new communication frontiers have increased the level of knowledge and information for better or for worse.  

Web is a big opportunity for everybody. The democracy of the information. But often, above all the youngest, are not equipped to distinguish the truth from the fake. It is present the debate regarding a sanction system that pursues the diffusion of fake news on line. In my opinion could be also a danger way and not always technically accessible, because of the speed of diffusion of the news. It is better to work on the critical sensibility.       

 

In your opinion, the actual security level, could be get better? If yes, with which means?

I repeat it: it is necessary first of all work on the culture of security of individuals and companies. In Italy the main economical fabric is established by manufacturing SME of excellence, which often need of support in protecting their own data. Trust in national technological partners of high level as ItaliaOnline, with which growing their digital skills, is for sure the first important step. 

 

the Istanbul Protocol and the legislative framework of Morocco

the Istanbul Protocol and the legislative framework of Morocco - ATLANTIS

 

Degrading treatment, the Istanbul Protocol and the legislative framework of Morocco

 

Domenico Letizia

 

 

In recent years the International Community can notice a growing dedication of the Kingdom of Morocco in the diffusion, implementation and promotion of human and fundamental rights in the country. During the last month of 2016, the National Council for Human Rights - CNDH (directed by activist Driss El- Yazami, former member of the Commission Fairness and Justice and member of the Executive Committee of the United Nations Climate Change Conference “COP22”, held from 7th to 18th November 2016 in Marrakech) organized at the National Institute of Education for Human Rights in Rabat various working and training sessions on the prevention of torture and on the fight against abuses, for forensic officer and personnel/staff linked to the penitentiary and medical world. The importance of the task is also confirmed by the collaboration of with several NGOs, including the Danish Institute against Torture and the Association of Coroners (AML). Among the various seminars, of particular interest was the one organized for about twenty doctors, with the aim to improve the anatomical knowledge in the field of torture and abuses, providing material and essential documentation in accordance with the Istanbul Protocol and teacher trainers internationally renowned such as Dr. Jens Modvig, chairman of the UN Committee against torture. Extremely thick works were also carried out with the cooperation and support of the Foreign Office of Great Britain in order to suppress and prevent torture and abuses within the prisons; a training course for managers and representatives of the General Delegation for the prison administration, making the process of implementation of the Optional Protocol to the Convention against torture easier. The specific task of the detailed study and training session was to inform participants on international standards for the criminalization of torture and their application in a optical state and national perspective levels. The Istanbul Protocol and the Manual on the investigation against torture and cruel and degrading treatment are reference tools for the entire international community so that we can proceed, and then condemn, in the evaluation of torture allegations by the institutions and report on evidence gathered by the judiciary and by the competent authorities. The Kingdom of Morocco is proceeding rapidly, with conviction and determination, to the adjustment of its legislative and judicial framework to treaties and conventions of international law. Asking to the Ambassador of the Kingdom of Morocco in Italy S.E. Hassan Abouyoub for his opinion on what is reported, the ambassador said: “The Kingdom of Morocco has consolidated its legislative and regulation framework regarding the fight against torture, making considerable efforts to prevent abuses, especially in the detention centers, and to strengthen the culture of the state of law and respect for human rights”. On the other hand, the European Commission had already confirmed in 2015 the progress of the Kingdom. “Morocco has made significant progress in implementing the Action Plan of the European Neighborhood Policy (ENP) for the consolidation of human rights and fundamental freedoms, in particular through the adoption of important regulation texts”, said the Commission in his 2014 report on the implementation of the ENP action plan between Morocco and the European Union. The Kingdom has continued its reform process, including the implementation of new immigration and asylum policy, the reform of the code of military justice and the deposit of instruments of ratification of the Optional Protocol on the UN Convention against torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatments. 

 

 

 

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