2/2017

2/2017 - ATLANTIS

 

The second issue of Atlantis in 2017 devotes the Dossier to the theme of the Territory, the State and Sovereignty with all its implications, with all its global implications. Primitive interview with Giulio Terzi of Sant'Agata, former Foreign Minister and Ambassador.We are in this issue, the section on World and Cancer Diseases. The Focus country is devoted to Bosnia. Nestual Nestor has told his formidable life in the book From Isca to Philadelphia. Domenico Letizia tells us the perspectives of the Arctic. Stefania Bozzo is dedicated to Contemporary Art of Emerging Countries. 

Editorial

Editorial - ATLANTIS

 

We are amazed by the astonishment of some observers for the military action ordered by Trump in Syria. We at Atlantis pointed out how the new Trump Administration was oriented (having clearly stated it) to variable alliances in foreign policy and, above all, aimed at national interest actions. So, Trump and his administration are back to the Republican paradigm in an orthodox way. America, lighthouse on the hill. Isolationism and unilateralism when needed (or useful for the United States and better for others if such interests collide, otherwise...). Also Putin noticed it, that is unbelievable he was delude himself with anything else. For what had we to be surprised, then? The reaction with 59 Tomahawk missiles launch, at the Russian-Syrian air attack with toxic gases (alleged) had some results, not military - Russians had been warned well in advance - and political-diplomatic at all: the first, directed to Americans (and to the FBI that is continuing to conduct the investigation the Russian aids to Trump in the presidential campaign), saying that there is no stable alliance with Russia and with Putin but only temporary convergences and treated by a military and economic point of strength; the second, the demonstration that Trump’s America does not need to ask for and have neither consensus nor help from anyone to intervene militarily (as economically) unilaterally; the third, the return to traditional alliances in the Middle East scenario, considering tha military action has calmed down and applauded by Turkey, Israel, Saudi Arabia. Only those who do not know America (and Great Britain) because they look at it with a European mindset can be astonished today. Indeed, and the European Union? And the European public opinion? Exactly yesterday, Atlantis, took part as magazine and media founder at the presentation of Retenuovaeuropa, in the splendid location of the Refectory Room of the Chamber of Deputies in Rome. Significant the speeches of Benedetto Della Vedova, politician of liberal, liberalist and libertarian extraction, Undersecretary of Foreign Affairs, who underlined the need to go beyond this intergovernmental union, to not remain isolated in this international context, accompanied by the former Vice-Minister to Economy Enrico Zanetti. Mario Baldassarre, very applauded, hoped for finally head to the United States of Europe. In the introduction, Stefania Schipani, embraces the principle so often stated by Atlantis: to reinvent the political Europe, starting from the writings, for example of Croce and Einaudi, to rebuild a new liberal-democratic and federal political Europe; to re-establish another Europe competitive and proud to be based on law, on the will to maintain peace (which does not mean one-way pacifism) and on the coexistence of people based on tolerance.

 

Trump is not Obama and you see in Syria

Trump is not Obama and you see in Syria - ATLANTIS

by Giulio Terzi di Sant’Agata

 The American attack against Assad’s “chemical weapons base”, subscribed by the regime with Russian soldiers who could hardly ignore its use, has immediately produced belly pain and discomfort in our Country. It should first be understood that the position of Trump is opposed to that of Obama and especially in foreign policy. His line may have been further defined in these times, but both in the election campaign and from his settlement the radical differences between Trump and Obama can be summarized as follows: 

1) Trump’s America, differently to Obama, puts security above everything else, both internally and internationally: fighting terrorism and states that support terrorism, and promoting regional wars and outbreaks affecting American security and the existence of Israel; 

2) the understanding with Moscow in the fight against terrorism is valid if Isis do not remains an easy pretext for leaving Assad to power slaughtering millions of people who do not want it, and to allow Iran to politically colonize Syria - where Hezbollah, settled by IRGC officers, represents an autonomous force that, amongst other things, threatens Israel from the Syrian Golan - and strengthens absolute control over Iraq; 

3) on Russia, a topic of strong contrast between Trump and Obama - see the sanctions - there was undoubtedly an evolution, for eminently political reasons and for domestic “legitimacy”. The Republican Administration is objectively in trouble in clearing the ground from FBI and Senate surveys regarding some of the main co-workers of the President and their unresolved relations with Russian officials and agents, as well as with Russian bankers under American sanctions. It was not this background that in the electoral campaign led Trump to express a close proximity to Putin. It seems now more urgent to demonstrate that America interests always prevail over Russia itself. And maybe that should also be worth to us; 

4) while to Obama strength came always after, long after, exhausting and long-lasting attempts to solve the crisis with the exclusive use of diplomacy, Trump has always said he want to rely on a strong America, on its military capacity, on the fundamental value they cover - for credible diplomacy and an effective policy of security-deterrence and political will to resort to force when necessary. The disastrous Obama’s renunciation of sanctioning the chemical weapons attacks that had provoked in summer 2013 1,500 dead has always been at the center of Trump’s criticism to Obama. From that incredible American leak of responsibility came the Iranian conviction to have clear field in Syria, Iraq, Yemen, Russia’s decision to invade the Donbass with its “volunteers” and to admit Crimea and China itself to militarize the nine semi-submerged islets, annexing the immense space and resources of the Mar Of China. There is no serious analyst and direct expert of the consequences of Obama’s renunciation policy in Syria that disagrees about the disastrous geopolitical consequences of the impending overcoming of the “red lines” on Assad’s mass destruction weapons in 2013. Could Trump act as if nothing has happened? He could “obamaize” himself as if bu magic, precisely on the most devastating and crucial issue for America not only in the Middle East, but in the same relationship with Russia, Iran, Turkey, Israel and in the same time in which was underway the crucial summit with Xi Jin Ping? A summit where precisely the prospect that America can also “act on its own” to bring reason to Piongyang must be “believed”, and not derided, by a skilled interlocutor, experimented and decided as the Chinese President.

There is nothing that surprise in Trump’s decision to use force to punish Assad’s umpteenth, terrible crime against humanity. Theories that Syria without Assad would be without a political solution are worthless. An atrocious thought for the half a million of dead, the million of wounded, of displaced, of refugees caused by a regime that, according to Iranians and from a couple of years even according to Russians, must survive to continue to carry on the Iranian military expansion in the crisis from Lebanon to Yemen. Did Hitler’s Germany, Stalin’s Urss, Kieu Sampan’s Cambodia, Uganda of Idi Amin Dada have to keep forever such criminal regimes in the name of “stability”, absurd ideologies, or religious fundamentalism? There are many Syrians and Iranians who animate parties, movements, and groups that represent an immediate alternative to regimes so bloody. The sense of abandonment that the West has shown towards them since 2009, leaving in total abandonment the “green wave” against the election swindle by Ahmadinejad, and the Syrian opposition coalition in 2011, exaggerate a crisis which then it was inevitably poured on Europe, as we did not just say, but we shouted for years. History rarely offers a second chance. Trump has picked it up. We have to support it with every possible conviction. 

 

Society: Pasquale Nestico, the cardiologist who has founded Filitalia.

Society: Pasquale Nestico, the cardiologist who has founded Filitalia. - ATLANTIS

 A heart so great

 It is a scorching Sunday of late July in Philadelphia. It is time for lunch after a quick visit to his daughter. She also is a doctor and, after generations will have taken turns, she will be the very one who will manage the cardiology clinic founded by Pasquale Nestico. The lunch in the restaurant with the beautiful window overlooking the Delaware River is easygoing and relaxing. Dr. Nestico urges that the salmon is wild and not hand-reared. It is doing so with an Italian-American waiter who reassures him about the fish origin and freshness. Dietary habit, meant as a way of life even while sitting at the table, is as rigorous as it is his whole behavior, grounded in sacrifice, will and righteousness. “My father always taught me that honor comes first – he stresses dewy-eyed - my father was my lighthouse”. By listening to Pasquale Nestico who tells the story of himself, one goes straight into the “Bandini” by John Fante. A mason from Abruzzi who emigrated to North America, that is the Italian-American writer’s father. A mason who emigrated from Calabria to keep the family together, that is Pasquale’s father. Just as John, he also was taking the first steps when he had been following in his father’s footsteps. Like stubbornly described in his novels and short stories, he learned using the trowel and making the mortar. But fate did not held in store for him the building of straight and solid walls as the father’s ones, and the same has not even happened to Pasquale. “He used both hands – he remembers, his eyes still more dewy - and therefore he was very fast. As for me, I was not doing badly. The last work we did together was the primary school in Isca, a town in front of the Ionian Sea”. Right! Isca, in the province of Catanzaro, the native town. Here where the adventure of Pasquale began, who followed his father in America to then coming back to Italy for a technical diploma, he won a scholarship for the Italian university but instead he went again across the Atlantic for a good job at the General Electric. Of course, always in the name of family unity. But Pasquale is an uncommon man, he stood out insomuch as the company paid him the university until graduation in engineering. It might be enough? No way! What he was doing did not fulfilled Pasquale. After lunch, from the window of his Cadillac he points at a number of sites, monuments, places which are relevant to his medical, membership and political activities. Well then, whet by a friend and colleague who enrolled to Medicine and Surgery, he decided that this would have been his own way. Why? It is a matter of vocation. The one who is listening to him is well aware of it, since he has a father and a grandfather Physicians and Surgeons. And Pasquale in addition, unlike his colleague who went to high school, had to get over this handicap. But nothing intimidated and stopped him, not even the problem embodied by the English language which also was not just a small hindrance. Not even the prejudices against the Italian and southern origin. “Here, in the United States, meritocracy is in force - he smiles - I have never put in a good word for one of my three children because I would have done only a wrong to them”. Therefore,  medical profession with a cardiology clinic belonging to him, in the country of private healthcare, and a lot of membership life. Anyway, this is what Alexis de Tocqueville was writing in 1830 by observing the United States, this is the country which founds its democracy on voluntaristic associations then creating services (and on the liberty of the press, ed.). Dr. Nestico is indeed the president of Filitalia International, an organization founded in 1987 and directed to the diffusion of Italian culture among young people (especially Italian-Americans). “Humility, justice and honesty are the three key words which highlight the Filitalia mission: a gamble which does not stop at the present times, but looks at the future – Nestico says earnestly – building present times thinking about tomorrow is necessary. A future of hope and trust can be mortgaged only by handing in something important to our children”. Nestico had been also a medical officer based in Germany in the ranks of the U.S. Army and had committed actively to political support of the mayor of Philadelphia and the Pennsylvania governor. The future goals of Filitalia, starting from the will to expand their Chapters in order to spread further in the United States and to coordinate the activities of the Filitalia operating in the Italian Peninsula, are ambitious but realistic. “We need to aim at culture, at the original identity and at young people: in these goals I strongly believe - Nestico repeats, almost as if he would desire to infect with his own enthusiasm - when we act driven by good will we are able to do great things, and everything is possible. I am a Catholic and a believer. I strongly believe in Divine Providence, and in the teaching which has been handed down to us by our tradition: if you want the Lord to help you, then you must be the first to go into action”. It a little bit approaches the Italian-American version of the very American and very Protestant saying: return the community what you have received. The guided tour of the capital of Pennsylvania is drawing near to an end. A detour to see the beautiful and neat villa in the residential area where many Filitalia members have taken home, is not missing. The garden is flowered and fruit plants and trees, which are of certain Calabrian origin, can be spotted. The roots must not be cut, never! The fruits, with commitment, will and intelligence, can grow everywhere. 

 

 

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2/2017

 
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