1/2019

1/2019 - ATLANTIS

 

The FIRST issue of Atlantis of 2019 (SPRING), dedicates the Dossier to the theme of WATER.
In 2019 the appointment with the great historical events of the years ending in nine will continue.
In this issue, the column on Mondo and Diseases with Legionellosis continues.
The focus country, signed Domenico Letizia, is dedicated to the Port of Baku.
The permanent collaboration with the magazine Report Difesa also continues in this issue, directed by colleague Luca Tatarelli. The themes of international relations, foreign trade, human rights and geopolitics will add important topics in international affairs such as defense and security.
From the next one he will launch the prestigious collaboration with the Circle of Diplomatic Studies of Rome.

 

Editorial

Editorial - ATLANTIS

Praise of mediation

We call it the middle class and we all think of the American dream and the dream of raising socially and economically - above all with education and the social lift made up of merit and competition - the greatest possible number of men and women in a country and World. It is the ambitious project that has set itself, as the leader for all, the West. It is the responsibility of the liberal and democratic politics of the 20th century. And it is a responsibility that should be taken by the ruling classes: political, economic and intellectual. All together. Join the motto: do not leave anyone behind. It is the responsibility of the rich to the poor; intellectuals to the less educated and educated and elected politicians to the elected representatives. Who does not recall the apologue of Menenio Agrippa who compared a functioning human society to a healthy human body? However, if his mediation on the Aventine Hill in 494 BC and in the struggle between patricians and Roman plebeians proved to be successful, these successes do not always happen. History does not have a determined course and progress (or regression) is the result of individual (and then collective) rational and positive or irrational and negative choices. Globalization - a phenomenon that is certainly not new and unknown - that has accompanied the historical evolution of the last decades, has certainly undermined the social order of the various countries first and the international one as a consequence. The question was foreseen and could and should have been better governed. The economic crisis has challenged many structures of the nations organized according to the open society, of course starting from the bottom (as always happens) but the effects were different in the times due to the fact that some countries were organized in more efficient ways and / o flexible and others (like Italy) much less. After an abundant decade, the wounds are still more or less open. Considering that globalization has brought about a life improvement for some hundreds of millions of people on the planet, it does not much comfort those who have lost their jobs, have a lower purchasing power and a lower quality of life with unattractive prospects. The discomfort is evident everywhere, otherwise the Trump phenomenon in the United States of America and the growing (revolutionary and destructive) charge of populism and sovereignism in Europe would not be explained. The loss of representative effectiveness of political parties (and traditional trade unions) is more than evident. Social mediation has therefore become difficult (but not impossible). 2019 - among the many deadlines - sees us at the appointment with the renewal of the European Parliament and with the so-called and unfortunate Brexit. On the horizon, we can glimpse the sirens of at least a couple of alternatives to the liberal-democratic idea: authoritarianism and justicialism. Both of them have an inevitable consequence: autocracy, tyranny, despotism and totalitarianism.

The supposed clash of elites against people already finds a definitive obstacle to the second term. While there is no doubt about the first. The problem is not to tack on an oligarchic chimera, assigning however to those who owe their difficult task. Menenio Agrippa wanted. 

 

Country Focus: Azerbaijan and the Port of Baku

Country Focus: Azerbaijan and the Port of Baku - ATLANTIS

Azerbaijan and the Port of Baku

 The Port of Baku between technological avant-garde and protection of the sea.

 Domenico Letizia

The Port of Baku, Azerbaijan, is the oldest of the Caspian Sea. For some years, Porto has been at the center of media attention, even by Western analysts, due to the importance of its work, which looks with interest at the creation of a commercial-technological hub and a considerable attention to the protection of the ecosystem and the liquid assets.

A maritime port that boasts an existence that has gone through many historical periods, contributing significantly to the strengthening of the region over the past few centuries. Historically, the Port of Baku, built in 1902, served as a link between East and West, flanking the ancient and ever-current Silk Road, and the North-South transport corridor connecting Northern Europe, to Russia, to Middle East and South Asia. Azerbaijan, after gaining independence in 1991, after the collapse of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, decided to revise its port’s position by proposing to move it about 70 km south of the capital, near the small town of Alyat. The President of the Republic of Azerbaijan, Ilham Aliyev, has established among the priorities of the Government, which for some years has been aiming at economic diversification as a further impetus of the national economy, the relaunch of the Port of Baku as a strategic strategic project for the intensification of the import and export of the country. The Alyat area plays a key role in international transport and for the Eurasian supply chain which is concentrated in Azerbaijan. A strong market and a solid national and regional logistics network are the fundamental basis of the project, with the introduction of a Free Trade Zone, from different aspects, such as the deposit for vehicles and trucks and the international and national logistics center in a of 100 hectares.

 The construction of the port represents a further way to continue the diversification efforts of the economy, mitigating its vulnerability to the volatility of the oil markets. In this sense diversification is very important, giving priority to sectors, strategic, transport and logistics. The port is also a metaphor of the country’s ability to skillfully use its industrial resources with high added value and also highly qualified human resources. Each professional involved in the work group offers his professional experience to the project and its know-how. The agreement with SMRT International Pte Ltd and with the Ectivise Solutions Pte Ltd of Singapore, which guarantees technical cooperation with the two companies which support the construction of the port, through the provision of new technologies and innovative solutions to benefit the activities of the site and the free trade zone. It should also be stressed the attention dedicated to the promotion of an eco-sustainable project, starting a project that is not harmful to the waters of the sea and the local ecosystem.

From an environmental point of view, the project uses the most modern and innovative environmental practices. It is no coincidence that the new port is called “Porto Verde” because it involves the use of cutting-edge technologies capable of resolving some of the well-known side effects of industrial maneuvers including, production of greenhouse gases, air and ‘water. The new port is energy efficient with a minimal carbon footprint. A high ecological value as it promotes better use of resources that must be reused as much as possible and therefore not wasted. We try to better understand the ecological potential of the port site.

The Port is designed to allow the management, treatment and disposal of waste generated during the daily work of the port’s activities. Its sustainability is designed to achieve continuous environmental, social and economic benefits through the transformation and recovery of resources, without forgetting the drastic reduction of waste. The new port of Baku has obtained, a success celebrated by local institutions, the ISO 14001 certification, of 2015, which monitors the environmental management requirements with low impact on the local ecological heritage.

From an environmental point of view, the project uses the most modern and innovative environmental practices. It is no coincidence that the new port is called “Porto Verde” because it involves the use of cutting-edge technologies capable of resolving some of the well-known side effects of industrial maneuvers including, production of greenhouse gases, air and ‘water. The new port is energy efficient with a minimal carbon footprint. A high ecological value as it promotes better use of resources that must be reused as much as possible and therefore not wasted. We try to better understand the ecological potential of the port site.

The Port is designed to allow the management, treatment and disposal of waste generated during the daily work of the port’s activities. Its sustainability is designed to achieve continuous environmental, social and economic benefits through the transformation and recovery of resources, without forgetting the drastic reduction of waste. The new port of Baku has obtained, a success celebrated by local institutions, the ISO 14001 certification, of 2015, which monitors the environmental management requirements with low impact on the local ecological heritage.

The “Port of Baku” intends to become the main operator, among the “Green Ports”, in terms of efficiency and sustainability, thanks to the promotion of three ecological programs supported by the port authority, aimed at protecting the local community, the waters of the sea and unloading operations. This program includes the management of waste, the treatment of waste water and the processing of oil waste. The current management systems for the environmental safety of the Port are certified and accredited, in many international structures such as EcoPort, meeting the minimum requirements established by the European authorities.

In the course of 2019, the Port will obtain the PERS Certification, for the environmental review. Analyzing the methodology used to treat wastewater, the port is equipped with five modules with filter. Each module has the ability to filter, daily, 500 cubic meters of wastewater from both ships and the port structure in general. The system is completely automated and foresees minimal electricity consumption, being designed on the technological platform called Rotating Biological Contractor (RBC). More important is the treatment of oil waste. The filtered water, used for oil processing, is reused for the washing of the logistic structures such as warehouses and the oil accumulated by the filtering is used for the production of asphalt and for road paving. The system consists of three tanks with a total capacity of 900 cubic meters. Another interesting novelty is the location of the administrative building of the port facility.

The structure is coated with non-polluting material, surrounded by greenery with a rainwater recovery and recycling system, with a monitoring system for ventilation and a technological system system used to obtain energy savings. It is also important to remember the Italian commitment to designing port security systems. At the end of 2016, the DBA Group, an Italian technology consultancy company specializing in network connectivity and infrastructure life cycle support solutions, had been asked to develop a software to manage logistics operations for the Port. This project has allowed the launch and development of a telematic platform for the complete automation of the movement of goods in transit in the new port, also allowing the integration between the actors of the port logistics community and the transmission of commercial and customs documentation. goods transported along the Silk Road between East and West, all under the banner of eco-sustainable development and pursuing the energy savings. The Port-Line software responds to the need of the Azerbaijani government to create a modern e-platform with Hub functions to facilitate trade flows to and from Russia, Iran, Georgia, Turkey, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan, with low environmental impact on Caspian Sea and the Black Sea. In addition to the Port Community System (PCS) and Terminal Operations (TOS) modules, DBA Group has also developed a part of the architectural design of the first office building for the operational offices for the Port of Baku. Another technological curiosity with low environmental impact is the construction of heavy cranes in the plant. The cranes are made in Germany by Ardelt, with an intelligent electricity management system. With this system, energy savings of up to 30% are expected compared to normal port electrical systems.

At the regional level, the new port is located at an optimal distance from the main Eurasian markets: about 200 km from the Iranian market, about 250 km from the Russian market, 1000 km from the Turkish market. The project promoted by the Government of Azerbaijan aims to make the new port an important logistic hub, at the center of the Caucasus crossroads, capable of expanding trade and economic exchanges and investment opportunities to Europe and other countries of the world. area, without forgetting the importance of the ecosustainability of the area’s logistics structures. 

 

 

 - ATLANTIS

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