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2/2018

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In this issue

In this issue - ATLANTIS

Serenella Antoniazzi

She is coauthor of “reD - I do not want to fail”, theater play in one act.

 

Luigi Bignotti

Journalist.

 

Farancesca Cannataro

Journalist.

 

Francesco Ippoliti

General.

 

Domenico Letizia

Writer and human rights activist.

 

Marta Ottaviani

Journalist.

 

Riccardo Palmerini

Coordinator of the Master in Tourism in Religious and Cultural Heritage at the ISSR “Santa Maria di Monte Berico” in Vicenza. Visiting professor in Design and Innovation at the IAE Toulouse 1 Capitole. 

 

Stefania Schipani 

Istat Researcher. Graduated in International Political Sciences. Specialized in Environmental Economics, she collaborates with the University of Tor Vergata. She is President of the “Rifareleuropa” Research Center and Vice President of “Filitalia International.”

Luca Tatarelli, Journalist.  Editor in Chief  www.reportdifesa.it review.

 

Fabio Vignola

General of Carbinieri Brigade (RIS).

 

 

 

Actuality: a Reform for Italian Crime Codex

Actuality: a Reform for Italian Crime Codex - ATLANTIS

 A liberal reform for a little liberal country

Italy and the reform of the Right of self-defense.

Andrea Mazzanti

Graziano Stacchio, Robertino Zancan and former judge Carlo Nordio have been summoned to a parliamentary committee to prepare a new reform of the Institute of Self-Defense and Art. 52 of the Italian Penal Code (but Nordio in the Commission already went there in 2004 for the same reason). The first two, protagonists, in spite of their will, of the story told by the policeman Paolo Citran in “The Inferno of Ponte di Nanto” (Mazzanti Libri, Venice 2015), Carlo Nordio, author of the preface of the book that traces the guidelines for a reform in the sense liberal and modern of the Self-Defense Institute. After three years of book presentations (almost 50!), I must say above all hosted by administrations led by the Lega or by Forza Italia (but there was no lack of sensitivity even in the more moderate part of the center left), finally the goal is approaching. Great, that a wide political force is taking charge of this commitment, keeping faith with the electoral promises expressed during our tour (mainly Veneto), but it would be good to avoid transforming the theme of the reform of the Self-Defense Right into a political instrumentalization. This reform, from the juridical point of view, is neither right nor left! It is a liberal reform, which focuses on recognizing the subjective Right to self-defense as the backbone of the new institution. And probably a reformist intervention of the penal code in the Swiss sense will not be enough. Never as in the field of theSelf-Defense re-emerges the contrast between the liberal vision of law and rights and the ethical vision of the State whether it derives from absolutism, fascism or Marxist (to simplify). Those who are about to face this reform must be aware of working legally for the affirmation of a subjective right, that is, for a guarantee principle of the individual / citizen rather than the repression of a criminal activity carried out by the aggressor. In other words, the legitimate exercise of force (and arms) for the defense of citizens’ rights remains in the hands of the police and of the State, which however performs a proxy based on the sovereignty of the citizen. Therefore when the state and its law enforcement agencies are not able to prevent or stop a crime (the current circumstances of the self-defense), the assaulted citizen has “right to defend himself” as the holder of a right that the state and his organization was not able to protect. In practice, the legislator in addressing this reform must not ask to what extent a citizen can defend himself against unjust aggression, but to what extent the state can punish a citizen who has had to defend himself or others or his property from an unjust aggression that the state itself has failed to prevent. “Can the State - writes Carlo Nordio - prosecute a citizen victim of the inability to prevent the crime, the victim of his failure to maintain the social contract?” To prevent the magistrate is in the obligation to start an action criminal law can only state the existence of a right, the right to self-defense that - if exercised in the appropriate circumstances provided by law - will make the reaction not criminally relevant or, if the magistrate also deems necessary to proceed, in case of acquittal provides formula “that the crime does not exist”.

I hope that a simple reform of Article 52 of the Criminal Code may be sufficient but I doubt it. Of course, a provision such as the Swiss would recognize the existence of a right: “Everyone has the right to repeal adequately...”, but being the Art 52 inserted between the cause of justification or exactions the judge could still consider automatic the prosecution. Certainly the definitive solution could be a modification of the Art. 27 of the Constitution, inserting, after the affirmation of personal criminal responsibility, this simple sentence: “everyone has the right to defend himself or others within the limits established by law”. Here, this could be the real solution to the problem of the reform of self-defense in the liberal sense. But to make a Constitutional reform a qualified majority is needed and a constitutional reform can be submitted to a confirmatory referendum. In this Parliament in which everything is brought back to the discipline of the party and in this country of “NOT AT ALL” will it be a possible reform?

Dossier: The Revolutions of 1848

Dossier: The Revolutions of 1848 - ATLANTIS

 The National Revolutions in Europe

They are the set of revolutionary movements that broke out in Europe between January 1848 and the spring of 1849. After the revolts of 1830-31, it was the second great response of the democratic, liberal and revolutionary forces to the politics of the Restoration; in this wave, however, to the political demands of national liberation and independence and the conquest of democratic regimes, social issues were added, clearly visible in the workers and popular protagonists in the Parisian movements. The first movements occurred in the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, and following them on 29 January Ferdinand II of Bourbon had to grant a Constitution. So similar episodes followed in Tuscany and in the Kingdom of Savoy; here, on 8 February, Carlo Alberto granted a liberal status. On 22-23 February, in the meantime, following the ban on the “banquets campaign”, aimed at extending the right to vote, workers, artisans and students would rise up in Paris. At the resignation of Guizot and the abdication of Louis Philippe d’Orléans followed the constitution of a provisional government (governed by the liberal Lamartine but including radicals and socialists), the launch of universal suffrage, the abolition of slavery in the colonies and the 4 May, the birth of the Second Republic. Meanwhile, in March the motions had spread in the German Empire and in the Hapsburg Empire. On March 13, Vienna had arisen, causing the fall of Metternich; the Emperor Ferdinand I then granted a Constitution, recognizing the autonomy to Hungarians (rebelling on the 15th under the guidance of L. Kossuth), Czechs and Croats. The crisis of the Habsburg Empire therefore triggered anti-Austrian movements in Italy: the revolt of Venice (led by D. Manin and N. Tommaseo) and the Five Days of Milan (March 18-22), ended with the expulsion of Marshal Radetzky, followed the declaration of war on Austria by Carlo Alberto. On March 15, meanwhile, Berlin had risen; Frederick William IV had therefore also to grant a Constitution and the formation of a Parliament, elected by universal suffrage, which however was divided between the supporters of the small-German and the great-German hypothesis. On May 15, a new revolt in Vienna forced the emperor to flee, opening the door to a constituent assembly also elected by universal suffrage. In the same weeks, however, the phase of reflux began: in France the weight of the rural classes led to the election of a moderate constituent assembly; This was followed by the workers’ uprising in Paris (June), repressed in blood by General Cavaignac, and the rise to the presidency of the Republic of Louis Bonaparte, which initiated the reactionary withdrawal. In Italy the First War of Independence saw the Austrians prevail, while the authority of the Habsburgs was also restored in Bohemia and Hungary, and a new insurrection in Vienna (October) was also cut short. In December, Frederick William of Prussia dissolved the Constituent, therefore (April 1849) refused the crown offered to him by the Parliament of Frankfurt and repressed the subsequent motions. In Italy, the flight of Pius IX and the proclamation of the Roman Republic (Jan. 1849), led by Mazzini, Saffi and Armellini, followed a new defeat of the Savoy army by the Austrians (July), the fall of the Roman Republic and then of that of San Marco (August). The revolutionary wave therefore ended with the defeat of the progressive forces, within which the democratic and socialist positions were destined to undermine the liberal up to then hegemonic approach.

 

 

Focus Country: Albania

Focus Country: Albania - ATLANTIS

 The economic opportunities and legal reforms of the country of eagles

Domenico Letizia 

The Republic of Albania is located in the south-east of the European continent, and in the south-west of the Balkan peninsula; it borders to the north and north-east with Montenegro, to the east with Macedonia, with Greece to the south and south-east, and finally with the Adriatic Sea and the Ionian Sea to the west. The Albanian territory extends for about 28.748 km2 of which over three quarters are mountains and hills; the coastal area is instead flat and extends for about 600 km. Albania has a typically Mediterranean climate, with cold and wet winters and hot, dry summers. The proximity to Italy represents a strong point for the development of economic and commercial relations with our peninsula. An Italian company has many advantages if it invests in Albania, because it can have a skilled workforce, a very profitable tax on profits (from 0% to 15%), labor costs among the lowest in Eastern Europe, of the double taxation treaty with Italy, of the level of education of the population above the EU average. Moreover, the Italian language is spoken by a large part of the population, there are strong incentives from the IMF and ECB for entrepreneurial initiatives, there is a capillary presence of international banks (Raiffaisen, Societè Generale) and Italian (Banca Intesa, Veneto Banca) and the country is booming economically with ample space for investments in various sectors. For the International Trade Center, Albania boasts the highest economic growth in southeastern Europe. Despite the effects of the global crisis, exports of "Made in Albania" products grew by 23%, GDP growth rates remained positive, as did foreign direct investment. The strong attention of the Albanian Government towards the energy issue and the electrical interconnection between the Balkan market and Italy push to be optimistic about the further development prospects of the sector. Another opportunity for our companies is the construction of the Albanian section of the Trans Adriatic Pipeline (TAP), which involves the construction of a gas pipeline for the transportation of Azerbaijan gas, the Shaz Deniz field, up to the Italian coast, through the Greece and Albania. In addition to the optimistic forecasts of the International Trade Center, there is also a recent report by the Institute for Economic Studies in Vienna. This year, next year and in 2020, Albania will be the fastest growing economy in the Western Balkans, according to the Institute's report. For this year, the Vienna Institute (as reported by the "AlbaniaInvestimenti.com" economic and geopolitical information portal) predicts economic growth of 4.1% for the country, and 4% for the next year, before falling 3.9% in 2020. As for the unemployment rate, the latest projections show that Albania has represented the lowest rate in the last three years, with respectively 13%, 12.5% ​​and 12% %. As for the rate of inflation, the projections remain unchanged. Despite the negative effects of the global crisis, exports of "Made in Albania" products grew by 23%, GDP growth rates remained positive, according to World Bank projections, as well as foreign investments.

The judicial system in Albania.

The Albanian legislation is the subject of numerous reforms (as reported by the volume "Internationalization of Businesses: The Characteristics of Investments in Albania" by R. Laera, FA Tresca and A. Veshi) thanks to the support of the European Union and the US government of America. The Albanian parliament has promulgated important legislative reforms, which have generated the approval of numerous laws in line with Western jurisprudence. The government of Edi Rama has encouraged a series of measures aimed at strengthening the rule of law and democracy, a fundamental requirement for Albania's accession to the European Union. During 2017, the government launched a campaign for legality through a program of redevelopment of the territory, demolishing numerous illegal buildings. On 22 July 2017, the justice reform was approved, which changed the Albanian constitution by almost 50%. This reform was an essential requirement for the European Union, for the entry of Albania into the EU, foreseeing a radical change of the whole judicial system. To combat corruption, one of the biggest problems in the country, this reform has allowed to scrupulously verify all the personal assets of judges and prosecutors. We specify that in Albania, the sources of law are the Constitution, the International Conventions ratified, the laws of the Parliament and the decisions of the Council of Ministers. The acts of local authorities apply only in the territory in which the local authority exercises its jurisdiction. Furthermore, Albania is a member of the Council of Europe and the European Convention on Human Rights, the country has signed the Convention of the International Court of Justice, ratifying the statute of the International Criminal Court. Albania's judicial system has been implemented, with particular reference to the justice bodies, in order to promote the integrity of the system, supporting independence, efficiency, credibility, transparency and accountability. A decisive reform, as stated by the Italian Ambassador to the Republic of Albania. In a recent interview, Ambassador Alberto Cutillo declared:

"Albania has met most of the five priorities set by the Commission at the time. It is now a question of evaluating the concrete results achieved in the last two areas, namely the reform of justice and the fight against crime. Parallel to facilitating the path of the WB6 on their way to the European Union, the Western Balkans Process aims to develop greater regional integration, especially from an economic / commercial and infrastructural point of view. We believe that we are working well in this regard and that the multiannual action plan adopted in Trieste will reduce a number of obstacles that today make this market very fragmented, preventing a full optimization of opportunities for companies and for over 20 million potential consumers. We are very confident about the contribution that SMEs, predominant industrial realities in the Region and especially in Albania, will give to identify the main needs at the base of a series of reforms to be implemented to achieve a regulatory and regulatory framework that is increasingly homogeneous and compatible with the modern globalized markets ".

The overall objective of the judicial reform process is to create an efficient, reliable, independent, professional, open judicial system that enjoys public trust, to support sustainable development by supporting the socio-economic development of the country and allowing its integration in the European area.

Import, Export and VAT.

Imports and exports have grown very rapidly over the last few years. The main products exported are textile and footwear, mining products, oil, electricity, construction materials and metals. The main commercial partners in Albania are Italy, Greece, Turkey, Spain and China. Trade with the countries of South-Eastern Europe is increasing after the introduction of bilateral free trade agreements. With 2018, special attention was given to coffee consumption and imports. 61 tonnes more coffee were imported than in 2017. According to official data of the Directorate General of Customs, for a period of 10 months, the level of coffee imports amounted to 6,980 tonnes. This import volume is 61 tonnes higher than the same period of the previous year. Albania offers important opportunities in the agricultural sector. Significant is the increase in the export of fruit and vegetables in recent years.

Albanian tributary system.

Since 1995, with the process of liberalization of the market, the Albanian government has adopted a series of tax laws, thanks to the support of the International Monetary Fund, the European Union and the United States of America. They are taxable persons: companies, groups of companies, consortia and de facto entities, both Albanian and foreign, which conduct economic activity in Albania. From 1 January 2014, the income tax rate is 15%. From this date the simplified tax on the profit applicable to small entrepreneurs has been reintroduced with an annual turnover of less than 8 million Albanian lek. Starting from January 1, 2016, legislative changes have been introduced that provide a rate of 0% for small entrepreneurs who have a turnover of less than 5 million Albanian lek and a rate of 5% for those who have a business volume of 5 to 8 million Albanian leks. The simplified tax on profits will have to be paid in four installments. The first to register or renew the registration certificate by April 20th of each year. The second installment by July 20th, the third by October 20th and the fourth by December 20th. For small businesses, the expenses incurred for the preservation and guarantee of the profits of the company are recognized as deductible to the extent that such expenses are proved by the tax payer. Albania offers important opportunities in the agricultural sector. Significant is the increase in fruit and vegetables in recent years. Albanian dairy products are cultivated and produced with very few artificial and chemical additives. The country is thus able to become one of the world's leading producers and exporters of organic food quality, destined for regional, European and North American markets. The "Made in Italy" in Albania is much appreciated, but the growing development of the country's economy and effective political management has developed an interesting attempt to promote "Made in Albania", a project that could also fascinate Italian entrepreneurs. The idea focuses on the creation of a single quality label for Albanian agricultural products and their subsequent inclusion in the main tourism sectors of the nation. Public and private institutions coordinated this work to successfully implement the so-called "Brand Brand Albania". The main partners, the Ministry of Agriculture and the Rural Development, the Albanian-American Development Foundation, the Albanian Tourism Association, the Directorate General of the Industrial Property and the Agricultural University of Tirana. In Albania, they are regulated by the Albanian Customs Code. The Directorate General of Customs is the institution responsible for customs activities. The legislation is in line with the European legislation according to which the nomenclature of the goods changes every year according to the WTO requests. The country is also part of the European Free Trade Agreement with Montenegro, Macedonia, Kosovo, Moldova, Croatia, Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. Albania has also signed an agreement with the European Free Trade Association. The country enjoys preferential access to the EU market, benefiting from tax relief on exports. The Republic of Albania participates in various customs conventions, international agreements on free trade and bilateral agreements with the administrations of other countries. There are four basic tariff levels, the subject of a liberalization process: 0%, 2%, 10% and 15%. The maximum rate of 15% is applied for some products, such as: fabrics, jewelry and food products. The lowest rate is applied for humanitarian aid and waste disposal and treatment equipment. The VAT on imports is paid when the goods enter the Albanian territory, and is applied to the extent of 20% on the value of the products plus transport and insurance payments. The taxable value also includes the payment of any other import - export tax. For machinery related to investments in the construction, transport, telecommunications and imports sectors for the Albanian Energy Corporation, deferment of VAT payment applies. This system provides for the payment of VAT only when the VAT declaration is presented at the Tax Office where the entrepreneur is registered. Albanian exports are exempt from VAT. The export declaration serves as proof of the procedure. This declaration is designed according to the Single Administrative Document at the customs offices for export.

One of the main objectives of the Albanian Government is the development and modernization of the energy sector, which still today rests partly on the investments made by the communist regime. During the last few years, the energy sector has been marked by major changes, primarily the restructuring of the National Energy Producing Authority through its splitting into some companies in the production, transmission and distribution sectors. Thanks to the opening of the concessions market for the construction of new plants and the rehabilitation of existing ones as well as the new policy of total openness towards projects for the production of energy from renewable sources, there has been a growing interest from foreign investors for Albania. Albania has significant hydrocarbon resources and above all has enormous potential. 88.5% of the total energy sources in Albania are electricity, in turn almost exclusively of hydroelectric origin. This sector offers great opportunities for exporting to the country know-how (design), electromechanical machinery for the production of energy and electrical equipment and software for the management of plants, sectors of absolute excellence of "Made in Italy" . Expert in investments in the energy sector in Albania is Roberto Laera, sole director of the business consulting firm "Italian Network", a bridge company between the Balkans and Europe, which has recently declared:

"There are numerous Italian and foreign companies that we have supported in investments in the hydroelectric sector. First with hydropower and now with alternative sources, the energy market in Albania is certainly a profitable investment. Furthermore, with the sentence n. 3759/17 of the Council of State, filed on July 28, which gives the green light to the Italy-Albania interconnection power line, the market opens up, in addition to the countries of the Western Balkans, to Italy and to the whole of Europe, with significant advantages in terms of the location of over-production. Albania is a country in full economic and social development, where GDP stands at around 4 percent, despite the international crisis, safe from every point of view for investors and where the government has undertaken a series of reforms streamline bureaucracy and eliminate corruption. Therefore we are ready to welcome the Italian companies that with their know-how can give an important technological support to the Country. An important opportunity to meet Balkan, Turkish and Arab partners was the Tirana Business Matching, organized by the Chamber of Commerce of Tirana on 28 and 29 September 2017, where Italian Network was a partner and promoter for Italy, which also saw the the intervention of Prime Minister Edi Rama, of the Minister of Economy and Energy, as well as the president of the Chamber of Commerce itself and of numerous institutional and multinational representatives “.

About concrete opportunities also describes Lorenc Gordani, executive director of the Albanian Center for Energy Regulation and Conservation (ACERC) which emphasizes:

"The panorama of the solar sector in Albania has recently seen the introduction of important developments, at a crucial moment in the choices of its optimal strategy to reach a future with lower carbon emissions and sustainable energy sources. A situation that makes energy efficiency to be considered as the greatest energy resource, since it is cheap and widely available. In addition, energy efficiency can also help improve energy security while reducing pollutant emissions ".

Also in this field the cooperation between Italy and Albania is growing and intensifying. Recently the Eagle LNG project was presented: "A 110 km submarine gas pipeline from Albania to Puglia, which starts from a ship-regasifier moored five kilometers from the Albanian coast, arrives in the municipality of Torchiarolo in the province of Brindisi and connects to the Snam network with another 18 km of underground piping. An investment of 660 million euros, all for Italian private citizens, which from 2020 could bring in our country 4 to 8 billion cubic meters of methane a year ". The company Burns di Campobasso, an energy branch of the Molisano Falcione group, specializing in public works and gas, has been working on the gas pipeline since 2005. The Eagle LNG project was created to meet the methane request of Albania, and later expanded to Italy and the Balkans. Another important aspect for the Balkan companies and geopolitics is the work of the Trans Adriatic Pipeline (TAP) gas pipeline, which forms part of the European Union's strategic objective of guaranteeing the future energy supply. The southern gas corridor will connect European customers, especially Italian customers, to Azerbaijan producers and potentially other producers in Central Asia, Israel, Iraq and any other country interested in passing gas through these pipelines . The advantages are mainly foreseen for the Italian and Albanian markets. In 2017, investments for the Transadriatico gas pipeline in Albania amounted to about 400 million euros, according to the director general of Tap Albania, Shkelqim Bozgo. The general manager of Tap stressed that this is the largest project carried out in the Albanian economy and should maintain the trend of development in the next few years reaching a total value of 1.5 billion euro of investments. According to Bozgo, in 2020 the Tap will be ready for the transport in Europe of gas coming from the rich and safe deposits of the Republic of Azerbaijan. The local press reports that there are 1,800 people employed in Albania for the implementation of the energy project, thanks to which it expects an increase in the Albanian GDP of 150 million euro. Albania and Italy can concretely promote strategic energy policies for the whole Mediterranean area. The future of Albania is energy diversification, to arrive at a net reduction from the dependence on the hydro-electric sector. It is estimated that solar energy can be a guarantee for the country if used appropriately, and the first procedures facilitated for the installation of solar systems have been started. For larger investments, there will be additional funding offered by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (BERS). For these projects the electricity produced will be paid by the government on the basis of a set tariff of the Albanian Energy Regulatory Authority, a project also supported by the Minister of Energy Damian Gjiknuri. The minister and director of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (BERS) in Albania, Matteo Colangeli, have signed an agreement to promote investment in solar energy production in the Balkan country. "This is the assistance that will be offered to our ministry to organize the auctions for photovoltaic production plants and the possibility of financial support from Bers of some investment that will be chosen through a transparent and competitive process", explained the Minister Gjiknuri, adding that "the objective is to guarantee funding, through Bers, for the production of solar energy". Much is already moving around the strengthening of photovoltaics in the Balkan country. There are already substantial investments: two projects of 50 MW each have already been presented, one in Malik, in eastern Albania, by a consortium of Albanian companies in the energy sector, and a second one in Valona by Novoselë Photovoltaic PowerPlant Sh.P.K. All opportunities that need to be explored and studied by Italian entrepreneurs.

The Albanian real estate market and the prospects for tourist construction

According to the Albanian legislation, regarding the ownership of real estate by foreign individuals and entities:

There are no restrictions on the acquisition, by the same, of units of buildings (ie apartments, offices, etc.);

They have no right to own any agricultural land, woods, meadows and pastures, but instead have the right to rent this type of real estate for a period up to 99 years;

They have the right to purchase private land or constructible state land (ie land that is not agricultural land, woods, pastures or meadows), provided that the investment proposed to perform on the same land exceeds at least three times the value of such land ground.

Transfers of real estate are subject to a transfer fee charged to the seller. The amount of the fee depends on the type of property and its location. The building transfer fee is calculated based on the surface of the property being transferred. The transfer tax for land or other real estate, not buildings, is equal to 2% of the sale price. Income tax on the sale of property, payable by a legal entity seller, is calculated on the basis of the total income generated by that legal entity in the respective fiscal year. Individuals who are subject to the payment of personal income tax are exempt from the payment of this tax. The tax payable by an individual seller is equal to 15% of the profit realized (difference between the selling price and the previous purchase price). The calculation method is established by Ordinance of the Ministry of Finance and Ministry of Justice. The transfer fee must be paid before the registration of the real estate at the Property Registration Office. As a general rule, the transfer of real estate is exempt from VAT. However, the law provided for taxpayers, under certain circumstances and conditions, the right to choose whether or not to apply VAT for the supply of real estate or parts of a real estate. The VAT rate in the event that the tax payer chooses to apply and pay will be 20%. This right is limited and can not be exercised by taxpayers, who provide apartments or residential buildings or in the event that the buyer is a natural person. The right to choose whether or not to apply the VAT can be exercised for real estate or parts of buildings that are sold for business use by the buyer, who must register it with the CNI, or for resale purposes, but not for the housing. A recent news that has generated attention has been that of exempting the 5-star hotels of the country for the duration of 10 years from the payment of taxes. The speech, announced by Prime Minister Edi Rama, involved the release of a package of incentives to support investments in the tourism sector: the favorable tax treatment was also extended to 4-star hotels. The treatment consists of exemption from the tax on profits for 10 years, exemption from the payment of infrastructure tax, valid only for 5-star hotels, as well as exemption from property tax, while VAT is established at 6% for all services.

 

 

Europe

Europe - ATLANTIS

Europe and freedomof information

On the 28th of May, at the Venice headquarters, the only one in Italy, of the Council of Europe, an important meeting took place on the theme “Europe and Freedom of Information.” The event, which involved important personalities working in various capacities around the world of the communication, it has been included in the program of events on the Europe Day held in Venice throughout the month of May 2018. The Director of the Italian Office of the Council of Europe in Venice, Ambassador Luisella Pavan Woolfe, did the honors of home, with its enlightening introduction on the stories and aims of the Council of Europe, an institution founded in 1949 to which 47 countries belong, has always been active in the defense of human rights and its action in favor of the freedom of the press and information is based on Article 10 of the European Convention on Human Rights, which recognizes this fundamental right as one of the pillars of democracy. alarming some data from you mentioned and here quickly reported disseminated by the annual report of Reporters Sans Frontières (2017): 65 journalists killed, 326 incarcerated, 54 hostage, 2 disappeared. Norway is reconfirmed as the best country in 2018, while North Korea is again in last place. Italy moved from 52nd place obtained in 2017, to 46th in 2018. Gianantonio Schiaffino, journalist, wanted to underline the importance of the work carried out by the Council of Europe in defense of freedom of information and the protection of those who exercise it. There have been: Maurizio Cerruti, journalist, expert on international issues. He spoke about international scenarios, information and against information, the role of the journalist. Gianluca Amadori, journalist, President of the Order of Journalists of the Veneto. Giovanni De Luca, Director of Rai Veneto. He underlined how the national public broadcasting service has not exhausted its aims and if anything should become a European public service. Luigino Rossi, entrepreneur, former President of the Il Gazzettino Group, has examined the theme: private editor yesterday, today and tomorrow. Is there still a connection with its territory? Finally, Niccolò Rinaldi, an official of the European Parliament, expert on civil rights, spoke about the Europe of rights in a world dominated by force. The speakers coordinated and moderated Carlo Mazzanti, director in charge of the international business magazine Atlantis. The meeting was also intense in addressing the issue of the information situation, date and receipt, in the Italian and European context in our current and complex contemporaneity. The speakers were chosen for their specific qualification that made them suitable for dealing with the subject of press freedom in the world, in Europe and in Italy; the situation of both public and private publishing; the specific relationship between the rule of law and the quality of information; the difficulty in enforcing regulations to protect the journalist and the citizen who has benefited so far from individual national states in a global context; the need for a regulation of the global communication tool to come from a reliably authoritative subject such as the European Union also to distinguish the role of the journalistic or institutional media from that of commercial communication or political propaganda; the need to limit the gray areas of the web and the social world in which improper uses of news were perpetrated to condition the consent of the masses of voters in democratic countries. The appointment will become an annual custom of the Venetian office. 

 

Europe

Europe - ATLANTIS

 

Europe: networks in the network. Encounters in the Embassy

 Stefania Schipani

 The network of associations Europe: Networks Networked founded by Stefania Schipani organized on 9 June at the headquarters of the Embassy of Ukraine in Italy the workshop entitled “Europe: Ukraine and enlargement to new countries as an opportunity for development”. This event is the first of a series of “Encounters in Embassy” cultural meetings that Europe: the Networks on the Net has scheduled at various diplomatic offices in Rome with the aim of comparing Italian and foreign experts as well as students and young Europeans, on the main geopolitical issues that link Italy and the European Union with the rest of the world.

The meeting, moderated by Stefania Schipani and masterfully chaired by the Ukrainian Ambassador Yevhen Perelygin, saw the participation of Antonio Stango, president of the Italian Federation of Human Rights, Domenico Letizia, president of the Institute of international research and politics (Irepi), Antonio Argenziano, Secretary General at the Youth European Federalist GFE, Diana Severati, Alde IM Coordinator, Domenico Di Conza spokesperson at the United Nations Academic Impact.

The debate was lively and richly supported by the young people present, to whom the seminar was specifically dedicated, of strong Europeanist ideals and very attentive to information and to the in-depth analysis presented by the ambassador who stressed the particular situation of the Ukrainian country living in a new perspective of potential rebirth and growth.

The last 5 years have been very intense for the modern history of Ukraine and fundamental at this stage are the country’s relations with the European Union. In this context, the implementation of the association agreement signed between Ukraine and the European Union for greater economic cooperation and a stronger collaboration for students and workers is also very important, but also to build a basis for further social and political development. Ukraine.

It can be observed that the strength and solidity of the European Union will also be measured by the capacity and concrete solidarity that will be offered to the Ukrainian people, enhancing and supporting a process of peace and normalization in relations with the Russian neighbor.

The analysis of Ambassador Perelygin touched on all the main aspects of Ukraine in relations with other EU countries and in the prospects for development and overcoming the extremely difficult situation of relations with Russia. The future of Europe and developments linked to specific areas such as the modernization of the energy sector, terrorist risks and Russian aggression are in fact strongly influencing the country’s business and entrepreneurial opportunities.

The Ambassador stressed the importance of opening the diplomatic seat of a country like the Ukrainian one to the students and especially to the entrepreneurs to strengthen the potential and the opportunities that a commercial and cultural exchange can offer and has answered in depth the questions that are you have been placed.

Antonio Argenziano asked the ambassador for further details on the relations between Ukraine and the Visegrád countries, with particular reference to the risk of socio-political drift and the importance that countries so close represent for the Ukrainian territory.

During the works Domenico Letizia stressed in particular the issues related to the current Ukrainian energy reality and the possible investments in the renewable energy sector that can offer the possibility of autonomy from the Russian energy dependency.

In particular, the Ambassador recalled how the wind sector is developing and how it is important to stimulate production directly on Ukrainian soil, a choice made by Norwegian companies

Antonio Stango, president Fidu, has deepened the problems related to the violation of human rights in Crimea which continues to represent a huge problem for the Ukrainian people but also an absurdity for the whole of Europe.

The intent that emerged from the meeting in this regard is to organize in a short time a conference with the collaboration between Fidu and the Ukrainian Embassy specifically dedicated to the situation of human rights in Crimea proposed to which also joined Domenico Di Conza as spokesman At the United Nations Academic Impact.

Diana Severati stressed the importance of the stage ratified on 1 September 2017 with the full entry into force of the EU and Ukraine association agreement and the provisional application of the global and in-depth free trade area (DCFTA), launched in 2016, which it has brought significant benefits to Ukrainian citizens and has allowed for a greater development of trade between the EU and Ukraine, which has grown by almost 30% compared to the first quarter of 2016.

The success of the initiative carried out under the patronage of other European associations such as the Circolo Cassiodoro, chaired by Gianna Radiconcini, partisan journalist and always pro-European militant, Irepi, the Alto Casertano socio-cultural association chaired by Antonio De Pandis, the federalist Youth European Union, the Free Citizens Association is proved by the successive appointments already planned with the Embassy which offered its hospitality and by the interest amply demonstrated by the young people present.

We are therefore at the first step of a long and constructive series of new meetings of Europe: Networks on the Net. 

 

 

Deseases in the World: Malaria

Deseases in the World: Malaria - ATLANTIS

Malaria

Malaria is an infectious disease caused by a protozoan, a parasitic microorganism of the genus Plasmodium, which is transmitted to humans through the biting of mosquitoes of the genus Anopheles. Infected mosquitoes are called “malaria vectors” and sting mainly between sunset and sunrise.

Malaria is a huge global health problem and is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in many countries. In Italy it has disappeared since the 50s and the cases of illness that occur, however, every year in our country are mainly linked to tourists coming from malarious countries and immigration from these countries.

There are four species of parasites that cause malaria in humans:

Plasmodium falciparum, responsible for malignant or tertiary malaria

Plasmodium vivax responsible for the benign tertian

Plasmodium ovale that causes a similar form of benign tertian malaria

Plasmodium malariae responsible for a form of malaria defined as “quartan” due to the characteristic periodicity with which fever occurs

Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax are the most common.

Plasmodium falciparum is the most lethal.

In “endemic” areas, “mixed” infections are not rare, with the presence of plasmodia of different types.

There have also been cases of human malaria due to Plasmodium knowlesi, a species that causes malaria in monkeys and is located in some forest areas of Southeast Asia.

Malaria is transmitted exclusively through the bite of the Anopheles mosquito. The intensity of the transmission depends on factors related to the parasite, the carrier, the human host and the environment.

About half of the world’s population is at risk of malaria.

Specific groups of population at risk include:

young children who live in stable transmission areas and have not yet developed protective immunity to the most severe forms of the disease

pregnant women not immune, as malaria causes a high percentage of abortions and can lead to maternal death

partially immune pregnant women in high transmission areas. Malaria can result in abortions and low birth weight, especially if it is the first or second pregnancy

partially immune pregnant women suffering from AIDS in stable transmission areas throughout pregnancy. Women who have a localized malaria infection in the placenta also have a greater risk of transmitting HIV infection to the newborn

people with HIV / AIDS

international travelers coming from non-endemic areas due to the lack of immunity

immigrants from endemic areas and their children, who live in non-endemic areas and return to their countries of origin visiting friends and relatives, are similarly at risk due to the decline or lack of immunity.

 

MONITORING IN ITALY

At the beginning of the Second World War malaria was still present on most of our territory, particularly in the central south, in the major islands and along the coastal zones of the north-eastern regions, with hypogeemia in the Po Valley. The tested vectors were the species: Anopheles labranchiae, Anopheles sacharovi (belonging to the maculipennis complex) and Anopheles superpictus. The transmission of malaria was virtually interrupted at the conclusion of the Antimalarial Fight Campaign (1947-51), sporadic cases, due to Plasmodium vivax, occurred in Sicily until the early 60s. In 1970 the WHO included Italy among the countries free of malaria, but in our country for this disease the mandatory notification remains in force.

The Ministry of Health and the Istituto Superiore di Sanità maintain a monitoring system that involves a continuous assessment of the epidemiological situation both through the annual processing of cases and through the control of residual anophelism. The Istituto Superiore di Sanità also has the task of microscopic confirmation of the diagnosis of notified cases.

 

1.1 RECENT EPIDEMIOLOGICAL DATA

Over the years, even in Italy, as in Europe, malaria has become the most frequently imported tropical disease. Recent epidemiological data, relating to the period 2011-2015, show 3,633 reported cases of malaria, of which 89% with a confirmed diagnosis. Almost all the cases are imported, the indigenous cases reported were seven: two induced (P. falciparum and P. malariae), three cryptic (1 of P. falciparum and 2 of P. malariae), one suspected of baggage (P. falciparum), an introduced suspect (P. vivax), ie transmitted by indigenous vectors (Annex 1). 70% of the cases occurred in the male gender and 45% in the 24-44 age group. Among the Italian citizens there were 20% of the cases of which 41% were traveling for work, 22% for tourism, 21% for volunteer work / religious mission. Foreigners account for 80%, with regard to the latter, 81% of cases are to be registered among immigrants regularly resident in Italy and returned to their country of origin visiting relatives and friends, defined in literature as Visiting Relatives and Friends and indicated with the acronym VRFs, 13% among immigrants at the first entry.

The predominant species of plasmodium was P. falciparum, with 82% of reported cases, followed by P.vivax (12%), P. ovale (4%), P. malariae (2%); rare mixed infections (0.4%). 92% of cases originate from the African continent (especially from West African countries), 7% from the Asian continent, 0.6% from Central and South American countries and 0.1% from Oceania (Papua -New Guinea); in these last three continents the P.vivax predominates. There were a total of four deaths due to P. falciparum infections acquired in Africa. 

 

Report Difesa a presentation

 

From this issue of "Atlantis" begins an organic collaboration with the online newspaper "Report Difesa.it".

I thank my friends and colleagues Andrea and Carlo Mazzanti for having strongly wanted this joint venture to be created.

Born on 1 March 2017, the newspaper is, every day on the screens of computers, smartphones, tablets and on the desks of military, politicians, diplomats, entrepreneurs, enthusiasts of the sector.

It tells the world with a simple but careful language, in order to reach an ever wider panorama of readers. Every day, he enters the vast panorama of foreign news and tells what happens in the Italian and foreign military world. In addition to narrating the main facts of weapons that have made the history of our country and others.

Thanks to this editorial union, both newspapers are ready to conquer ever wider spaces in the national and international information landscape.

In the coming months, readers of "Atlantis" and "Report Defense" will therefore have the opportunity to be informed, in an increasingly detailed manner, on what happens outside the national borders, on how the Italian and foreign Armed Forces operate, on which products the industries of the sector propose to the markets.

Analysis, articles, interviews and reports will be the "daily bread" of this serious information that will lead to the publishing world, without a doubt, an added value that was missing and that, today, has fortunately been filled.

 

Editor in Chief of the Defense Report

Luca Tatarelli

 

Report Difesa

Report Difesa - ATLANTIS

Angels on roads... safe!!!

 Francesca Cannataro

 Ten years have passed since men and women of the Italian Army began to watch, together with the Police Forces, on cities, monuments and Italian citizens.

Angels to protect and safeguard our safety used in the "Safe Roads" Operation. An operation that is, to this day, one of the most important and consistent commitments of the Armed Force. started on 4 August 2008 on the basis of article 7-bis of Legislative Decree number 92 of May 23, 2008 converted by law number 125 of July 24, 2008, with which the Prime Minister's Office authorized the employment of military personnel Armed Forces for specific and exceptional crime prevention needs, in metropolitan or densely populated areas. The personnel of the Armed Forces are placed at the disposal of the Prefects, from whom they are employed for surveillance services to sensitive sites and objectives, as well as in patrolling and patrolling in competition with the Police Forces.

The numbers tell of an activity that great consensus has also received among the citizens who warmly, respectfully and proudly welcome the men and women of the Army present in the streets. 7050 are today the units used throughout the national territory located in 52 squares.

Since 4 August 2008, the military has contributed to the arrest of over 15 thousand people, controlled and identified over 3 million people and more than 1 million cars and motorcycles, seized cars, motorbikes, drugs, weapons and counterfeit goods .

But not only. The commitments they have met have been different. Following specific decisions by the Government, always operating within the same operational activity, these special "angels" on the roads were, in fact, assigned additional tasks related to particular security needs of the territory.

Among these: the control and security of the central area of ​​the city of L'Aquila hit by the 2009 earthquake; the safety of the high speed train (TAV) sites in Turin and Val Susa; the intervention in Campania to patrol and monitor the areas of the so-called "Land of Fires" to prevent and repress environmental crimes; the important device that effectively contributed to the security and surveillance of the EXPO 2015 in Milan.

Lastly, on the occasion of the Jubilee of Mercy, more than 1500 soldiers, employed throughout the national territory and mainly on Rome, have guaranteed the safety of the jubilee sites, also by means of a dedicated enhancement of the Air Defense device by the 'Air Force.

The plan for the use of the Armed Forces staff is adopted by decree of the Minister of the Interior, in agreement with the Defense Ministry, having heard the National Committee of the Order and Public Security (CNOSP) integrated by the Chief of Defense Staff and prior information to the President of the Council of Ministers.

Initially, a quota of no more than 3,000 was used for a period of six months. Over time, subsequent provisions of the law have changed the size of the personnel employed, the duration of the operation and provided for the collaboration of the Armed Forces in territorial control services to protect sensitive targets and to contribute to the prevention and fight against terrorism.

The Chief of Staff of the Army is assigned operational control of the Joint Operation. Direct management is ensured through the Northern Interregional Defense Forces (Padua) and the Southern (Naples) Army Command.

"Safe Roads" is a very important operation conducted with pride, pride and determination to watch over everyone's safety. 

 

Report Difesa

Report Difesa - ATLANTIS

Lebanon, forty years of Unifil mission for the research of a real peace

 Luca Tatarelli

Shama. Let's go back to southern Lebanon after three years. By car we descend from Beirut to Shana, where in the base dedicated to the Lieutenant of the 8th "Lancieri di Montebello" Regiment Andrea Millevoi, who died in Mogadishu on July 2, 1993, we will find the Alpini of the Julia Brigade under the command of Brigadier General Paolo Blacksmiths are the UN blue helmets employed in the Operation Leonte XXIV for the UNIFIL (United Nations Interim Force in Lebano) UN mission.

Along the road that increasingly moves away from the Lebanese capital, known before the Civil War as the "Paris of the Middle East", our eyes photograph a series of subjects: new hotels, new resorts, restaurants, new houses, sumptuous villas in full local taste. And new cars, mostly, of German car manufacturers that mix with old Mercedes that have known, without a doubt, better seasons.

Too many images refer us to Southern Italy, with rubbish along the roadside. Waste management is a problem that seems difficult to solve in Lebanon. The concept of separate collection remains so. The mayors of the South of the country ask the UNIFIL military to activate projects of Civil and Military Cooperation (CIMIC) to help them solve the problem. And, as happens in Italy, everything starts from the education of the new generations.

But CIMIC activities are not based on this alone. Also at the request of the mayors, with whom both General Fabbri and his team converses every day, other requests concern the protection of health and education.

Two pillars, one can say, for the construction of a new Lebanese company that has suffered years of war and has been trying to get out of it for only a decade.

Not forgetting the memory. Along the road to the South many things still remember those terrible years. Among posters, small funeral monuments dedicated to young fighters and flags of the Shiite parties of Amal and Hezbollah, their actions are handed down to posterity.

Hezbollah, we will be able to say that its political "brand" also handed it over through the manufacture and sale of various products. The stylized rifle that appears on their flags and posters, now they have placed in some closet to become in effect a political party that has decided to count in Lebanese politics and the Middle East.

Hezbollah are children of the internal struggles of the '80s and' 90s and today under the leadership of the secretary general Hassan Nasrallah are aiming at a policy that is no longer a struggle but a government.

The flag emblem of Hezbollah is characterized by a yellow cloth at the center of which stands a part of a verse from the Koran, Sura V, verse 56, which reads: "And he who chooses Allah and His Messenger and believers for allies, in truth it is the party of God, Hezbollah, which will have the victory ".

The letter alif, first letter of the name of God, is graphically represented as a hand gripping a stylized assault rifle and is flanked by a schematic representation of the terrestrial globe.

Now all this is not only on the monuments along the way in memory of the Shiite martyrs or on the banners placed in many villages that compete for power with the friend-rival of Amal, but also in gadgets, such as magnets, ceramic cups, jars that can be found on stalls or in a small shop.

Some might say that Hezbollah does nothing but what is commonly done in Italy or in Europe, where they sell the t-shirts of a famous revolutionary, Che Guevara (author, among other things, a manual for the guerrilla war "of guerrilla") or hoisted in manifestations flags with the image of Mao Tse-tung or that of Josif Stalin. The case to say that "pecunia non olet"? A process of liberation from what was Lebanon until about 10 years ago and what Hezbollah is doing in the Middle East, always tight between armed action and parliamentary politics, is also under way.

In 40 years of UNIFIL mission created on March 19, 1978 with resolutions 425 and 426 [1] of the United Nations Security Council, many political and military events have happened. Where the Israeli and Lebanese protagonists fought in various periods, so much so as to call the same United Nations to renew the mandate after the Israeli invasion of Lebanon in 1982, following the withdrawal of the Israeli troops from Lebanon in 2000 and during the intervention Israeli in Lebanon in 2006.

And today? Let's respond to Paolo Fabbri, commander of the Western sector of UNIFIL: "We rely on specific UN mandates. UNIFIL is a UN mission with a civilian and military component under the command of a single person. The military component has the task of verifying that an imaginary line is respected, such as the blue barriors, made up of blue bins like the UN, placed along a line agreed in 2000 between Israel and Lebanon ".

The area of ​​competence is under the Litani river. The task of the military is to verify that there is no presence of weapons, nor of armed people, except the Lebanese Armed Forces. Always from the military point of view, it must be verified that everything that has been signed in the agreements is respected. If these are not respected, reports are written to the UNIFIL Command of Naqoura and consequently to that of the UN of New York.

In relationships the chi is written, where, how, when and why an event took place. They can also be substantiated by images and photos. Everything that happens along the Blue Line is reported. The agreements are very clear between Israel and Lebanon: no one can cross, without authorization, this imaginary line that is not a border but a line of respect for the 2000 agreements between the two countries. Compared to the past, when an event happened and you saw a very aggressive posture of Israeli soldiers, today this does not happen, thanks to the use of electronic control systems.

The relationship between Italian soldiers and Lebanese soldiers is very close. They are trained to accelerate their ability to be fully capable as an armed force.

For the sector of competence under the command of General Fabbri, operates the 5th Brigade of the Lebanese Armed Forces, In the South of Lebanon, there were three Brigades, one was located in the north-east of the country and here are the other two .: 5 ^ and 7 ^. With the establishment of the 5th Rapid Intervention Regiment, commanded by a Brigadier General, the LAFs resolved the gap they had in terms of men.

This Regiment works with both sectors, West and East, of UNIFIL. Every month a very flexible "training catalog" is drawn up. Where it meets the needs of the Lebanese military, relying on the fact that they are always operational. They are activities that last the necessary time, maximum one week.

UNIFIL also has a maritime component represented by MARITIME, under the command of a Brazilian Rear Admiral. They operate with a Greek, a Turkish, an Indonesian and a Brazilian ship. Their activities are similar to those of the Italian Coast Guard.

What could be the future of the Cedar Country? Everyone wishes rosy, of course, and witnesses, as mentioned, the construction of houses and hotels. The Lebanese are investing in the coming years. Will it be an investment at risk?

Meanwhile, Israel increases its defense by building a wall along the Blue Line in what is its territory. 

 

Report Difesa

Report Difesa - ATLANTIS

Farnborough

The Farnborough Aerospace Show has seen the Leonardo Group be present with a series of products.

Farnborough. Among these, the Osprey family of electronic scanning radar (Active Electronic Scanning Array - AESA) that recorded orders of 40 systems from eight different customers. A market share destined to grow rapidly, thanks to the competitive advantage provided by the radar, the only one without moving parts in its category that is able to guarantee complete coverage at 360 degrees.

The Osprey was mounted on board the new Leonardo AW101 helicopters for search and rescue of the Norwegian Air Force and was selected by the US Navy to equip the new MQ-8C Fire Scout remote control helicopters. The success of the Asprey is due to the combination, made possible by the AESA technology, of high performance with reduced maintenance and support costs.

The Osprey is derived from the Seaspray family of electronic scanning surveillance radar by Leonardo, in service since 2005 in various Armed Forces and Civil Agencies all over the world.

Leonardo’s AESA sensors, sold in 30 countries, are today the international reference standard for this type of radar and represent an area of ​​excellence for the company, which has applied this technology to surveillance in an innovative way.

Electronic scanning involves using an array of hundreds of miniaturized radar modules to direct the discovery beam electronically, instead of physically pointing the radar antenna to a target. The extreme speed of movement of the beam makes it possible for the radar to perform several tasks at the same time, for example to perform maritime surveillance and at the same time monitor the weather conditions along the plane’s route.

These Leonardo radars support air-to-air and air-to-ground missions, using advanced operating modes, including the ability, based on a proprietary patent, to identify small targets.

Great success also for the helicopter market that needed to increase the number of customers. And Magpas Air Ambulance chose the new generation AW169 helicopter by signing an agreement with Specialist Aviation Services (SAS).

SAS will equip the aircraft with a special helicopter rescue configuration and will use the AW169 on behalf of Magpas Air Ambulance, also providing related training services for pilots and maintenance technicians.

The Magpas Air Ambulance has been using an MD 902 Explorer since 2012, which entered service 17 years ago. It is a helicopter that has allowed the transport of thousands of patients with a peak in 2017 for the last six years, but the aircraft has now reached the end of its life cycle. After careful evaluation, the company chose the AW169, equipped with the most advanced technology available today, as a new eliambulance.

And while remaining in the helicopter market, with the Sloane Helicopters (Sloane), official distributor of civil helicopters in the UK and Ireland, the Leonardo Group announced that QME Mining Equipment Ltd (QME), an Irish company leader in the mining industry, has signed a contract for a AW109 GrandNew helicopter in a VIP / corporate configuration with delivery at the beginning of next year.

At the Salone Leonardo also presented a new product COMINT (COMmunications INTelligence) for electronic communications intelligence, called “Spider” for the eight radio frequency antennas contained in the system.

Spider is able to intercept and analyze communications from hostile sources in real time, allowing to monitor the position of enemy forces thanks to an advanced geolocation technology integrated into the system. It detects and tracks targets and establishes their position, allowing operators to have a detailed picture of the activities of hostile forces.

Functional tests were carried out in 2018 and the first supplies will be available from 2019. Designed and produced in the United Kingdom, it has been developed to ensure high-level COMINT capabilities at significantly lower cost than competing products.

The system is supplied already calibrated and ready for installation on the aircraft; weighs less than 20 pounds and is easily integrated under the belly of the aircraft inside a 1.5 x 0.5 x 0.5 m pod. It can be installed on a wide range of platforms including surveillance aircraft such as the King Air 350, remotely piloted MALE (Medium-Altitude Long-Endurance) aircraft and larger aircraft such as Leonardo’s ATR-72MP.

It can be combined with Leonardo’s SAGE electronic protection system ELINT (Electronic INTELLIGENCE) to provide a complete SIGINT (SIGnals INTelligence) capability to collect and analyze information through a single mission interface. The COMINT and ELINT data are provided to the crew through the same graphic mode that allows an overview for the mission commander or a dedicated analysis of the COMINT and ELINT information.

Leonardo has integrated this type of defense countermeasures on numerous helicopters of the British Armed Forces, such as the AW159 Wildcat, Puma, Chinook and Apache AH-64D, as well as international clients, and was recently selected to provide a security suite also for the new helicopters for Great Britain Apache AH-64E. With its innovative BriteCloud product family, Leonardo is the only company able to offer an effective protection device based on radiofrequency technology. 

 

Report Difesa

Report Difesa - ATLANTIS

Stability Policing, an added value for the missions of peace

Fausto Vignola

The peace missions are the operational tool used by the international community for intervention in areas where serious crisis situations occur.

The term crisis, in the context of peace-keeping, has a broad meaning and refers to situations of a conflictual nature caused by ethnic, religious and warlike motives that can afflict a territory as has happened so many times in the world.

Such problems can be the result of an inter-state conflict or arise in the context of a single territory without the local authorities being able to manage the emergency and restore the social order.

Moreover, local authorities are repeatedly subjected to the most extreme consequences until their disappearance and replacement with illegal power groups. These are those that are defined in the doctrine as “failed States”, or by state organizations characterized by an obvious and irrecoverable institutional crisis that can no longer guarantee the minimum standards of dignity and security for its citizens.

Over time, peace missions have undergone changes and developments, adapting and adapting to changes in history and operational needs.

To get an idea of ​​this path, it is necessary to refer to the United Nations peacekeeping missions, the only international body that, since the second world war until today, has always been active in the field of security and peace in the world.

The United Nations Charter, the founding document of the organization, does not provide for the establishment of peace missions by resorting, for the resolution of disputes, to peaceful instruments such as negotiations or arbitration, or to action in case of violation of peace .

In the latter case, a number of options are available which can include the total or partial interruption of economic relations, the breaking of diplomatic relations and, in extreme cases, the use of military force.

Despite this, since 1948, on the occasion of the first Arab-Israeli war, the UN has been oriented in a different and almost transversal way, starting the negotiation procedure to obtain the ceasefire to be followed with the deployment of military units on the contact line with observation and monitoring tasks. As we said then: “...... to keep the borders at peace while seeking a political agreement”.

The arrival of the ‘90s and the epoch-making collapse of the Berlin Wall, symbol of the end of the Cold War, but above all the end of US-USSR bipolarism, led to the redefinition of the international order and the start of a regional decomposition process based on systems that are profoundly different in history, culture, values ​​and religion, not always in a peaceful way.

A tragic example of those years is the war erupted in Bosnia and Herzegovina, characterized by a ferocity that upset the world.

It did not take long to realize that the parameters had changed and that the intervention based on the “negotiated-interposition” procedure had lost its effectiveness. The problem of protecting populations from unprecedented violence was imposed, not separated from the need for the reconstruction of local institutions to be aligned with the international community through the assimilation of the modern principles of democracy and peaceful coexistence. 

“Nation building” therefore. No longer a static surveillance event on the ceasefire line but a dynamic system of reconstruction and assistance for rebirth and stability.

In this context, changing and increasing the expectation of the results of the mission, the need arose for the identification of new actors in the consideration that the action of the pure military forces was not appropriate for the management of interventions in new and different sectors between such as that of public order and security, proper to the Police Forces, the backbone of the development and growth of a community.

This analysis will become reality in 1998 in Bosnia Herzegovina itself when NATO, active in the area with the SFOR mission with the task of ensuring the application of the peace agreement, highlighted the need to integrate its device with a department capable to perform typical police functions.

The solution was offered by Italy through the Arma dei Carabinieri who set up a M.S.U. Regiment. - Multinational Specialized Unit - consisting of the same Carabinieri and other Gendarmerie forces able, for their purely military nature, to interface with the mission and face the operational reality on the ground with typical tasks of their specialization: support to the local police, investigations criminals, control of the territory, collection and processing of information, public order.

The experiment will be a success right from the start, receiving considerable consensus in the international arena.

From the deployment of the first MSU to the birth of an appropriate doctrine that will be called STABILITY POLICING, the step has been short.

Today, all the most important international organizations deploy police units and missions that, despite their different names and conformations, are inspired by the one deployed in Sarajevo by now some tens of years ago.

In fact, a quick search on the Web is enough to find out that the UN, the European Union, NATO, Africa Union have a doctrine and are able to manage stability police missions.

The activity carried out within the framework of Stability Policing involves a wide range of action which, from an operative point of view, passes from the total replacement of the local Police, where it is not in operating condition, up to the support of the same, conferring to the area of ​​competence a significant level of security.

Parallel to this fundamental sector, training has developed.

This is a key issue for the support of the Nation Building process which, for the police side, requires the adaptation of the entire structure and its members to precise international standards focused on the principle of legality and equal dignity of every person before the law, protecting it from any form of arbitrariness that could damage its fundamental rights.

The Arma dei Carabinieri was and still is the pilot organization in the field of Stability Policing where it works in strong synergy with the whole international environment.

The high interest in the subject meant that, starting from 2005, three specialized centers were born in Vicenza, at the Chinotto Barracks.

The first is the Center of Excellence for the Stability Police, a true reference point on a global level in the doctrinal and training fields. It follows the Command of the Force of European Gendarmerie, an integrated instrument aimed at conducting police operations in different theaters, in support of international organizations and ad hoc coalitions.

This includes representatives of forces from the Gendarmerie of France, Portugal, the Netherlands, Italy, Romania, Spain and Poland.

The latest in terms of time is the NATO Center of Excellence for Stability Police which is the Hub of the Atlantic Organization for the doctrine, training and lessons learned in the field. Participate in the Czech Republic, France, Italy, Poland, Romania, Spain, the Netherlands and Turkey.

From 1998 to today a lot of road has been made. Along this path, the Stability Police has become increasingly established in all the theaters in which it has been operating, improving and strengthening its capacity for sustainable peace.

In this sense, the demonstration on the first field of action, Bosnia Herzegovina, was certainly fundamental, that the Stability Police Units were able to fill the “security gap”, which first afflicted the unarmed population, guaranteeing a constant and qualified presence.

The progressive specialization of interventions was equally significant. An example is the use of the Carabinieri of the Cultural Heritage Protection Command, during the course

of the mission in Iraq, with the aim of supporting local authorities in the protection of archaeological heritage.

Also in this case, the effectiveness of the initiative has prompted rapid progress with a recent agreement between the Italian Government and UNESCO for the establishment of an all-Italian Task Force, the “Blue Helmets of Culture” for interventions in crisis areas to protect the world cultural heritage.

Surely the future will still require study and commitment to keep the whole system up to the expectations of the international community, but it can certainly be said that Stability Policing is a consolidated added value in the context of modern peace operations. 

 

Italian Excellence in the World

Italian Excellence in the World - ATLANTIS

 

VIRAVER

“We define our company” The Millennium Glass “because we are born in 2000 in a historical moment, where the Millenium Generation is born, one of the most innovative and technological generations - these are the words of Ennio Mazzarolo, founder of this company that is a flower at eyelet of the Veneto and Italian entrepreneurship - Viraver therefore puts at the service of its customers technological innovation and continuous research and development of its products, to respond to market demands with innovative concrete solutions and very often tailored to the customer “.

 

Ennio is a man full of enthusiasm. He transmits it to the seeker of Italian Excellencies for the World who does not believe his eyes. The journey by the editors was a gradual immersion from the A4 motorway to the Veneto countryside, in the deep province of Padua in an area in which the volcanic Euganean Hills stand out on the horizon. In fact, Ennio Mazzarolo is indeed volcanic. Show her (her) factories with the pride of those who thought of them, built them, made them grow and prosper. At his side his daughter Cristiana, a beautiful girl already on her father’s footsteps already traveled a long distance from her three older brothers.

 

Since its inception Viraver has been proposing itself as a glass transforming company.

Viraver lives a constant growth, marked by the rhythms of its founder and his family, who in a few years have brought this brand to become one of the world leaders in the transformation of glass, in the nautical, automotive, architecture and industry, thanks to investments that have affected both production and research and the application of new technologies, which have made Viraver the company of the “glass of the new millennium”.

 

The walk inside and outside the company is exciting. You will come across a huge oven (invented and built here). It seems impossible that a place of invention and production of this level is in the middle of an artisan / industrial area among the many, between anonymity and rural outline.

Viraver today offers its products in the area of ​​security, with a wealth of experience that comes from applications created ad-hoc for very different projects, which have affected the world of yachting, the design industry and the automotive industry . The research and development of Viraver in these fields has led the Italian company to a constant search for quality and new technologies. Over the years Viraver has realized in the nautical sector glasses with high thicknesses, multilayer with different types of plastic interlayers. Thanks to the experience and skills developed in this sector, Viraver has decided to pass on this know-how also in the armored sector.

It is no coincidence that Viraver has chosen a holistic approach that sees the research, development, experimentation, production and commercial structure gathered in the same structure, which covers an area of ​​15,000 square meters, of which 7,600 covered.

In the visit, we cross various departments. The staff certainly does not seem the traditional working class. In fact, it is formed in the company with passion and the professionalism acquired then becomes a business added value. Viraver is a supplier of major companies in the field of land and naval transport. The Venetian pride is still out in the rattling of the famous names of automoblistic companies, railway companies, shipyards, etc.

 

“Today, being a certified company means responding to precise and careful assessments, but above all creating production and quality management phases that correspond to customer expectations. Viraver meets the quality management regulations according to ISO9001. - Mazzarolo tells - This guarantees that Viraver monitors all company procedures in order to improve the effectiveness, efficiency and quality of its production processes and related services. The ultimate satisfaction and satisfaction of the customer is the ultimate end and naturally inherent in Viraver’s way of being".

 

Glass sheets are transformed into Viraver plants specially designed to obtain the highest levels of optical quality that distinguish the company’s products. Every step in the transformation processes of: Cutting and grinding, Gravity curvature, chemical strenghtening, silk-screen printing, insertion of heating microfilms, assembly in the cleanroom and autoclaving is constantly monitored in real time by the team responsible for quality control. But this is not what most strikes. And ‘the feeling of desire to do and still improve that hovers all around. As if every day the bar of the innovative challenge arose and there was no fear in facing the challenge. In this way new investments are prepared:

Glass Chemical Hardening Plant. Today Viraver can boast the worldwide leadership in the process of chemical hardening of glass which has reached the dimensions of, 8m x 3,21m (today is the largest and most productive plant in the world for this process), and to guarantee a level of excellent quality, also the result of a strong investment in research & development and the processes developed and implemented by the company.

Viraver extends the dimensions of its curvature furnaces, to achieve bending surfaces of 6 m x 3.21 m.

 

“The other Viraver production line is Polycarbonate. Viraver has chosen to use exclusively polycarbonate for the aerospace industry, due to its high optical quality. Every process of thermoforming, anti-scratch coating (A surface hardening treatment guarantees a scratch resistance that makes the windscreens in polycarbonate particularly suitable for uses where lightness and mechanical strength is required, as in car races), screen printing, insertion of heating microfilms, trimming with a 5-axis machine, assembly in a clean room and lamination in an autoclave is constantly checked by the specialized team of quality control - underline the Mazzarolo - In these years Viraver has been facing projects that can simply be defined as unique. This is why the capacity for analysis and creativity merge with the great knowledge of the subject by the research and development team. In these years Viraver has developed customized projects in all areas of expertise of each individual division".

 

The visit lasted a couple of hours. Another productive excellence, another high example of business culture, started from the cult for work and the passion for innovation of its founder, was given to the awareness of a country that refuses to decline, if only for the sake of respect. of heroes like these entrepreneurs. 

 

 

Italian Excellence in the World

Italian Excellence in the World - ATLANTIS

Inauguration of the new “wing” of the Giovanni XXIII Nursing Home

 

Punto di eccellenza ortopedico nazionale, quarta in Italia e prima nel Veneto per protesi di anca e ginocchio (Classifica del P.N.E. 2017 Ministero della Salute), la Casa di Cura “Giovanni XXIII” di Monastier ha inaugurato martedì 5 giugno 2018, alla presenza del presidente della Regione del Veneto Luca Zaia, la nuova ala che comprende il Centro di sterilizzazione, il nuovo reparto di medicina e il nuovo gruppo operatorio con sale ibride e integrate.

Alla cerimonia, con taglio del nastro da parte del Ceo Sogedin Gabriele Geretto e del presidente Massimo Calvani, hanno partecipato tutti i primari e i medici della struttura sanitaria trevigiana, affiancati da una numerosa rappresentanza di collaboratori amministrativi e parasanitari.

Presente anche il sindaco di Monastier Paola Moro.
La Casa di Cura Giovanni XXIII continua in questo modo ad affiancare, con professionalità e tecnologia, la già eccellente sanità veneta punto di riferimento per l’intero territorio nazionale. 

 

 

 

Italian Excellence in the World

Italian Excellence in the World - ATLANTIS

Discover Bibione

 

Blue Flag

On 7 May 2018 the beach of Bibione received the award of the “BLUE FLAG 2018” confirming the awards obtained in past editions.

Bibione obtained recognition several times and continuously from 1996 to 2018. In total: 27 awards.

The Blue Flag is an international recognition established in 1987 in the European Year of the Environment and is awarded annually in 41 countries, initially only in Europe, more recently also in non-European countries. Bandiera Blu is a voluntary eco-label for the certification of environmental quality of the seaside resorts.

The main objective of the program is to promote the sustainable management of the territory in the riparian Municipalities, through a series of indications that make the attention to and care for the environment at the base of the political choices. For the purposes of the assessment, the quality of bathing water and considered an imperative criterion, only the places whose waters are excellent, can present their candidacy.

Other criteria examined include: waste water purification, waste management, vehicle traffic regulation, safety and beach services.

The sun in the heart of Europe, so it is called Bibione, a beautiful tourist resort in the Veneto, overlooking the Adriatic Sea halfway between the fascinating Venice and the central European Trieste. Frequented since the fifties for its long beach of soft sand, lapped by the clean waters of the Adriatic Sea, Bibione is a palpating heart of life, where the beach holiday is an experience that is not forgotten.

Holidays based on nature, sport and wellness

The sun, the sea, the fine beach are the great appeal of Bibione, but it is only by staying that one can discover its thousand surprising faces. First of all, the nature, full and luxuriant. View from above Bibione is an immense green lung, a succession of pine forests, uncontaminated holm oaks surrounded by water, the salty sea, the temperate and sweet lagoon and finally the cold waters of the Tagliamento, the alpine river Unesco heritage .

And in the subsoil the thermal water that allowed to create Bibione Thermae, the exceptional thermal complex, dedicated to care and wellbeing, overlooking the beach.

Accommodation facilities: solutions for every need

Bibione is a quiet place, a tourist-friendly place, where the warmth of home is found in hotel, apartment or camp-site stays, full of comfort, with attentive staff and numerous activities to do. The services on the beach are efficient, Wi-Fi, booking-on-line, equipment for the disabled, and are renewed every year. In the city the shopping and the gastronomy triumph with many shops, bars, restaurants and pizzerias that are open every day in the summer and until late. Even the youngest find ad hoc clubs, live discos by the sea, a large lunapark, sports facilities and activities.

A rich calendar of events and shows

Every year Bibione is a city that is thrilled with the great events of sport, food and wine, culture and folklore, which start in April with the White Asparagus Festival and continue until September, when SeptemberFest, the traditional Grape and Wine, for thirty-one years greets the summer. The holiday does not end there, Bibione is beautiful even out of season.

The vineyards of Lison Pramaggiore

A generous land, quality of special wines and controlled by a Voluntary Consortium for the Protection of DOC Wines: in Bibione there is no activity or product that is not done according to the rule of art. Merlot and Cabernet but also Pinot Bianco and Verduzzo, together with Refosco dal peduncolo rosso and Sauvignon to complete the offer of a wine-growing area among the most advanced in Italy.

Organic DOC and DOCG wines

Bibione offers excellent gastronomy and also produces the most suitable wines to accompany it. A few kilometers from the town, lies the area of ​​Lison-Pramaggiore with its winemaking tradition that has given life to true masterpieces, all DOC and even organic.

The wines of Lison-Pramaggiore are of much higher quality and range from whites to reds and rosés. For some years the ‘bubbles’ are also produced with fresh sparkling wines and prosecco. The pride of the Lison DOCG is that it takes its name from the village of the same name and boasts the Denomination of Controlled and Guaranteed Origin.

The Voluntary Consortium for the Protection of DOC Wines

Most of the cellars in the area belong to the Voluntary Consortium for the Protection of DOC Wines. The organic farming techniques used here (and which have made it the most important national reality for organic viticulture) have been introduced since the 1990s and include natural antagonists for parasites, copper and sulfur salts against the peronospere and oidium and the absolute ban on synthetic pesticides or herbicides. Fertilizers, on the other hand, are implemented only with organic substances.

Pedaling along the Lison-Pramaggiore Wine Route

For those wishing to spend a few hours in the countryside to visit the wine cellars and taste these real delights, the Lison-Pramaggiore Wine Route, preferably by bike due to the beauty of the place, is the most expert guide to discovering wine but also of the territory and its historical and cultural riches, of the salumifici, of the dairies, of the trattorias and the restaurants

If you love nature, Bibione is right for you

The lagoon, the mouth of the Tagliamento river, a system of canals to get from Venice to Trieste. And then the unique Mediterranean Garden for its biodiversity, the fishing valley of Valgrande which is a site of Community Importance, without forgetting the beautiful Punta Verde Zoo Park.

A certified Green Destination

Apparently, being one of the first beaches in Italy as presences would seem not to coincide with the needs required by a protected and respected nature. In Bibione, on the other hand, the two things coexist in extreme harmony and many initiatives and certifications demonstrate this concretely.

Bibione has a sea that boasts 25 blue flags. It has the EMAS environmental certification and an environmental management system that oversees all the activities of the town. Furthermore, to protect certain areas, it has acquired specific awards. For the Valgrande, for example, which is a 360-hectare fishing valley, home to a 150-year-old holm oak, flowers and rare plants, fallow deer, wild boar and horses, it has been recognized as a Special Protection Area and Site of Community Importance.

Exploring nature: the paths

To share it with its guests, however, the locality has also created itineraries to do on foot, by bicycle or on horseback, and a guide service. A similar operation was also carried out by adhering to the cross-border project of the Mediterranean Garden which allowed to delimit a large area east of Bibione and to maintain it in its natural state, with its characteristic vegetation and fauna. Of course, here too, nature lovers are welcome and can visit it by following established itineraries.

Discovering the lagoon and the Foce del Tagliamento

But the whole nature of Bibione is to be lived and first of all, for beauty and particularity, there is the lagoon with its canals, its reeds, the outcrops and the flowers that are tinged with violet in spring without forgetting the casoni, that they are the old abodes of the fishermen and are made of reeds and wood. Then there is the mouth of the Tagliamento river where to find orchids and flora typical of the Alps. The Litoranea Veneta Idrovia passes through the lagoon, a series of canals that from Venice lead to Trieste and are still navigable.

Punta Verde Zoo Park: a special excursion for adults and children

The project realized in a splendid naturalistic park was also very interesting: the Punta Verde Zoo Park. Here, in addition to showing the various animal species in a natural and well-groomed environment, various initiatives are created for the guests each year to provide greater knowledge of the animal world and to encourage respect.

The beach holiday is particularly rich in experiences, because it is made of many opportunities: beach, fun, laughter, colors, noise, but also quiet, rest and long silences. It seems incredible but opposite and complementary landscape is to live in the same place.

The ideal destination for slow holidays

Nature in Bibione occupies a considerable space, just look at it from above to realize how green it is! Many areas, in particular the east and west estemi and the areas behind the sea, are pristine and protected by specific laws that have declared them Sites of Community Importance. So, unexpectedly, for all those who love green holidays, the beach holiday in Bibione becomes a series of experiences to experience in contact with nature.

Cycling with the bike between the cultivated fields that design the flat lands, the rice fields and the farms that produce dozens of products at kilometer zero; the experience of being lulled by the calm water of the lagoon with the kayak; the thrill of discovering deer, wild horses and the centuries-old tortoises of Hermann in Valgrande; the variety of colorful spontaneous orchids that bloom in April in the pinewood towards the lighthouse.

A place to live and explore in every season

Bibione is also this: a continuous discovery, throughout the year because every season, every month, has its characteristics. Just turn with the camera to realize it. Portraying these angles of nature in an unusual way in all variations of light, from dawn to dusk when the sun low on the horizon enhances the contours of the figures, is the most beautiful way to capture the unusual landscapes of Bibione and transmit its emotions who will then look at those photographs.

 

Bibione, food and wine and typical products throughout the year

Bibione and its surroundings have a long and prestigious wine and food tradition.

The richness of flavors and typical products is the pride of our territory: from dairy products to honey, from goose meat to vegetables, from fruit to delicious fish from the sea and the lagoon, throughout the year, depending on the seasonality, you can enjoy a variety of genuine and zero-mile delicacies.

The wine and food routes between cellars, farms, markets, farms and restaurants will lead you to discover our territory, our history and our traditions. Along these routes you can taste the fine wines of the local wineries and learn about their cultivation and production methods. You can savor traditional dishes, revisited in a modern way, or faithfully reproduced in their original recipes, and discover how each dish can be combined with individual wines.

For a holiday or a weekend full of taste and good food, in every moment of the year, we are waiting for you in Bibione, for a “journey” to discover the food and wine itineraries, between the suggestive and fascinating sea, the enchanting nature and lush, and the rich historical and artistic heritage of the villages that dot the hinterland of eastern Veneto.

 

Outdoor sports

Jogging by the sea

Jogging, light and prolonged running, is a sport for everyone, useful for firming and toning the body. And doing it by the sea has its added value because in the early morning clean air and silence are perfect to free your mind from stress and tension, and the hours before sunset, when the colors turning red will go out sea, they are the most corroborating for body and spirit!

Marcia

Enthusiasts of the march on holiday in Bibione continue to train with 2 two circular routes, marked and well marked: 9 km trail of the Canoro Forest and 18 km of the Lighthouse. For both the point of departure and arrival is the Bar Silvia in Via Maia 72, where you can also register and receive the necessary information. The Bibione walkers group has been organizing for 34 years, every 1st of May, “Walking for Bibione”, a non-competitive walking event with more than 7,000 participants.

Nordic walking

Nordic Walking is a sporting discipline suitable for everyone and for all ages that allows you to move, thanks to the use of special sticks, up to 90% of the muscles. Every Thursday morning and throughout the summer you keep fit with Nordic walking along the seafront, from Piazzale Zenit to the lighthouse. The lessons are: basic, technique 1 and technique 2; you can rent sticks and, for those who wish, book private or group lessons on other days and in other places, such as Valgrande and Vallesina.

Horse riding

At the Valgrande Equestrian Center, open all year round, 2 federal instructors give lessons for all levels of difficulty, beginners, experts and for children aged 10 years. The school has 15 active horses, 2 slopes, 1 obstacle course for the best and riding for beginners. Do not miss horse riding in the Valgrande di Bibione.

 

 

 

 

 

We meet Pasqualino Codognotto, the Mayor of San Michele al Tagliamento - Bibione in his office on the top floor of the city hall.

 

San Michele al Tagliamento is actually like an oyster with a pearl inside and is called Bibione.

I must say that tourism in the city does not know decline - says Pasqualino Codognotto - we organized the G20S, the first Summit of Italian beaches, we believe it is a fruitful moment of comparison between the reality of cities characterized by a tourist economy of the same size but not necessarily with the same problems to solve. The diversity and comparison will be analyzed in different cases and may indicate solutions to all maybe even those who did not expect to obtain in that case.

 

What are your strengths?

We have a tourism of traditionalists but also of new arrivals. The secret is that over the years, the offer has been able to grow maintaining and anticipating the needs of tourists. Local entrepreneurship has been up to the task and continues to be.

 

The Municipality?

We should ask the citizens. But joking aside, the public-private concertation table worked well.

 

For Example?

In transport, ATVO has been able to ensure an excellent connection service with railway stations and airports. And even the single ticketing is a great advantage for the user. ASVO has done an excellent job of separate collection of waste.

 

Future strategies?

The inclusion in the metropolitan area of ​​Venice allows us to play the brand card. We are always attentive to innovation and have invested a lot in communication with apps for smartphones and mobile devices such as tablets and we are also very well placed with web reservations. We do not even neglect the spontaneity that comes from associations (bicycles, sports, etc.) that perhaps begins with a small initiative that then turns into a traditional appointment of great national and international appeal. One thing that is very close to my heart is the development of the Lighthouse. 

 

Female Communication

Female Communication - ATLANTIS

Mona Lisa Smile and the swimsuit test

 Serenella Antoniazzi  

There are moments when the mind needs to escape away, dream, hope, fantasize and looking a good film is the most economical and direct way we have available to do it by cropping some moments of rest sitting comfortably at home.  Suggested by Silvia, in recent months I have seen a series of titles that have made me think a lot. Titles that in reality, of escapism and fantasy have very little of it: The Help (2011), talks about the segregation and the abuses suffered by the black domestics in the Mississippi of the years ‘60 and about a young white woman who, contrary to the uses of the years, thinks to his working career before the family. Magdalene (2002) a film that denounces the abuses suffered by young girls, disowned by their families or orphans, whose only fault was to have loved a boy or to have suffered an abuse, very serious crime in the ultra catholic Irish Society.  Erin Brockovich (2000) is the story of a thirty year old woman, a divorced mother of 3 children who is fighting against the Pacific Gas and Electric Company that contaminated the aquifers of the Californian town of Hinkley, causing cancer to the residents. Her perseverance has made the company pay for the greatest reparation in history. Suffragette (2015) talks about the struggle of a group of women to have the right to vote. Beaten, marginalized and repudiated by husbands and family because in struggle for the right of which in our days often we do not remember the weight and value.  Interrupted Girls (1999) an adaptation of the diary of Susanna Kaysen is the story of a group of girls admitted to a psychiatric hospital in the years ‘60, abused, tortured, beaten like beasts, (sometimes it is offensive to beasts to be compared to men). A roundup of true stories that show the abuses, the violence and the physical and psychological tortures suffered by women of all time, but also their determination and courage to fight for their own ideals and to improve their social status. Many injustices have been overcome but still many we have to oppose, one of all unfortunately, belongs only to us. The women mentioned above have, in some cases, lost their life to bring to the surface problems known by everyone and on which no one was standing on their side. today the heirs of these women let the female body be constantly used as an advertising tool for products of all kinds. The luxury car, the bath foam, the silicone, the anti-rust. Bodies that promote a stereotype of woman very far from reality. They show sculptural and sensual bodies that break into our homes as unattainable models for normal women of all ages. Must be erased the signs of time on the face, cellulite from the legs, the dark circles of a sleepless night, the swelling of the ankles of a day’s work. Delete, change, constantly change our physique to be at the top. At the top for who? What for? I would like the marks on my face, left not only by the time, but also by crying that has furrowed the cheeks as well as by  laughthing that accentuated the small wrinkles near the eyes, were accepted by all, as well as by me, that always feel a thousand problems because I see not to the height of what I am continually referred to. These particular signs made me who I am. Yet I don’t feel free to go to the sea and enjoy the sun without cellulite being a cause for discomfort. I am forced to burn my back because if I turn people see the soft belly and stretch marks on the thighs. Powerful legs have brought the weight of years very tiring, but they are not appropriate compared to the stereotype of women that is proposed us daily by the media, to which we want to belong and, despite we realize it is wrong to promote a model of woman artifact, we keep chasing it. We shudder at the idea that even today there are women who sell themselves, by necessity or pleasure, on the streets of our emancipated nation; we read about girls who cheat and outwit men of all ages to get money or expensive gifts in exchange. They are not always driven by the lack of economic possibilities of their families; sometimes the use of own body becomes the tool to reach the target easily. There is still a long way to go so that the feminine world will get on par with itself even before the male world. The distances and disparity in achieving social, political and power roles sometimes seem never to shrink; the “concession” of pink odds is offensive, non-constructive and equal, there is no doubt. But the real question the female world should make is: “How do we want to be? How do we want to live the gender diversity made of intelligence, initiative, beauty, that complement each other making different?” The male working, political, professional world is accused of choosing beautiful women, favoring pleasant women, beautiful presence as well as interesting intellectually. But we, women, what kind of figures we continue to propose to the new masculine and feminine generations? The real challenge in improving themselves should not be limited to the physical aspect, which we ourselves continue to demonize on those who have received this natural gift without making any effort and in reality we constantly pursue all through tools provided by science and surgery. Together with this, due and complementary part of the care of the person, there should be instructions for the use of the product that we go to buy, with which the self-esteem is regenerated. Quizzes that put to test the intelligence of those who buy by making the product, in addition to slow down the signs of time, mind the minds to love each other for what you are... 

 

Communication

Communication - ATLANTIS

Identity crisis: a country outside the world championship

 

Riccardo Palmerini

 

“The price of greatness is responsibility,” 

Winston Churchill.

 

The president of a football team chooses its general manager for trust and begins, with him, an evaluation on possible coaches. Initially the drivers are two: the satisfaction of its audience, the fans and, consequently, the targets of the season.

Proper management would require careful assessment of the budget and a precise and transparent communication. Do the utmost in relation to the actual possibilities.

Instead it starts with strong proclamations and promises of results for which the team has not even yet built.

So he chooses the coach, with the beginning of the contrasts between President and Manager: The one wants an affirmed name, convinced that this protects him from the choices of players; The other a trainer fit to maximize the team that will be available and the minimum targets, more than the maximun ones. Two theories that could be fairly valid on paper.

But when the team is formed, perhaps saving and, again, with a “star” imposed by the President (the coache do not like the stars on the field), the choice of the coach resembles more and more to a screen, as well as that of the champions who costs, in buying and salaries, as much as the rest of the team.

The season goes as bette ras possible, the accounts worse. Then the president accuses Manager and coach; this one, reduced in authority, finds itself part of the team against, starting from the “star”, towards which has always imposed a certain authority sacrificing the role.

The fans start to get angry, they protest, they no longer go to the stadium. The president defends himself, begins to accuse the referees, and then the “system”: “Plot against us!”.

The fans then begin to flare up, they believe that for their team there will never be a chance to emerge and conquer targets: they are the sacrificial victim of a system that no longer feel part of.

One exception: the National team! When the national team plays, everyone is on the same side. All “coaches” in pectore but united and on the same side of the “barricade”.

Recently we often talk about relations with Europe. In fairness, we should talk about relations in Europe, of which we are all in fact part. Difficult to be heard in a context from which we keep detached. In fact, we enter into the theme of the development of lobbying actions; a transparent and positive lobbying, in support of legitimate and common interests by categories. Europe must be changed politically and to do so we must be, feel, educate to be part of it, so as to be authoritative members and not ‘half-married ‘.

Dialogue and calm communication does not mean giving in to the good but making system, limiting the authoritarian escapes within the same and shared system Europe and saving the dignity of a country with over 2000 years of civil and civic history, despite everything ever imperial or imperialist and therefore strong and free to express credible and authoritative opinions against even economic authoritarian.

But is this responsibility of the elect or the elector?

Asking, understanding, deepening from the people leads the political contradictory to a confrontation calm and clear: if you won your vote as a result of the need to be understood in substance and content (in their objective value), the propaganda approach would not be shouted, made of harsh contrasts and preconceptions. This would make it even easier and more acceptable to post-electoral shared action based on punctual initiatives.

Different ideas, different lines, different visions of society to try to give equal answers (feel good, stay in peace). A country is refounded from the bottom, a social culture that is not science and academia but good sense and desire to act. It is necessary to bring people back to feel part of the country as a whole, not to sign white delegations on ideological bases or for pure contrast (the so-called “vote against” and “protest”). Are clear demonstrations of that young people who are disinterested, even with higher levels of general culture than in the past (but the civic one is lost).

Politics is more and more like the football context we have just described. Staying on the subject, pay attention in qualifying everything as the result of an unavoidable superior design (fatalism) and the return to forms of authoritarianism, however democratic (they discourage commitment and youthful passion as much as the pseudo inclusive flattening that counteracts meritocracy). To include does not mean flattening and we do not let certain fronts of opinion do  their own the theme of inclusion and social equality by believing that the goal is parity. We are all different, we express different potentialities that must be rewarded for what they are: it is at the level of people as of countries. We need a great deal of attention because, differently from football, the italic people in politics do not recognize themselves in a national team, more or less loved.

Otherwise, we become a country outside of the world contexts, which feels alien to everything and everyone, unable to resume with strength and pride, which can only be national, its place. Debating as in front of a football game, but compact, as when playing the national team. Trying not to really stay out of the next world championships, the real ones, where we struggle and draw the future of our own and that of the next generation. 

 

Sports and World

Sports and World - ATLANTIS

 

A Champion is forever

 Gigi Bignotti

 

If you meet him just after his seventy-ninth birthday and talk to him for a long time, you understand that he has an extra gear and that he is a Champion in life even before the sport.

His name is Livio Berruti, Olympic champion of Rome ‘60 (the only gold medal of speed in the history of Italian athletics.

He is happily running around 80 of a Champion’s life. The most illustrious scribes have examined it in a thousand articles and in a dozen biographies of authors, one even of the supreme Brera. The title is a whole program: L’abatino Berruti (330 pages, Book time) and ideally combines two great Piedmontese champions doc: Livio and Gianni (Rivera, for football asymmetries, abatino par excellence). Approached as if they were a great Barolo, the first, and a vintage Nebbiolo or a Barbaresco, the second.

In front of such great glory the humble chronicler gets lost, sketches and begins the interview with a certain timidity mixed with reverence, immediately swept away by the Champion: either you give Me or you do not do anything about it. Chapeau, so let’s start.

 

Livio, do you honor the approach to Gianni Rivera or is it out of place?

We are countrymen, what the heck. But football and athletics are today at the antipodes, in all senses, as sports. But Brera said it morphologically, for the body, and certainly I was not a muscle, far from it!

 

Is it true that before the legendary Roman Olympics and gold in the 200th they sent you to compete in Northern Europe?

Yes, I was recovering from an injury, a simple stretch that prevented me from competing at the 1958 European Championships. The year after I decided to focus all the preparation for the Olympics on the 200 so as not to disperse potentiality.

 

“The impression of his stroke is overwhelming he wrote about you Brera - the muscles explode as if in a frenzy, but the gesture is of incredible elegance, never seen”. Today there is still some elegant athlete like you in the technical-athletic gesture?

 

Elegance is also talented. Difficult to make comparisons 60 years later. A little ‘I see myself in Filippo Tortu, who is 20 years, as I had them in 1960. I follow him with interest and, in times not suspicious, I predicted that he could reach 10 net out of 100. I like the seriousness of him and constancy, qualities that are fundamental in today’s athletics. And it has an added value: the father Salvino Tortu, a trainer with flakes, whom I met and is an extraordinary man.

 

The father, however, also coached the other eldest son, Giacomo, who remained unexpressed talent.

Yes, it’s true, but as an excellent coach, as well as father, he took advantage of the mistakes made and with Filippo he has a different approach. The results demonstrate the goodness of his work and justify the optimism for a further growth of the boy also pushed by his friend and colleague Marcello Jacob, the Italo-Texan ex-lunghist, who stimulates him to improve again.

 

Is the talent enough to stand out in athletics and, in general, in today’s sport?

No, it’s not like my time, when I was discovered by chance because I wanted to jump up and play tennis. Today finding a talented athlete is difficult and it is only the first step. It is training that determines success with the ability to adapt to increasingly heavy workloads. However, I see myself a bit ‘in Philip and I do a cheering freak even if the 200 still has to improve. But he is young and has plenty of time to do it.

 

Livio, what would you say to a young man today to make him love sport?

I would say that it is a challenge with oneself is better than any virtual experience, those of which today young people are bombarded. Go running, that’s true freedom.

 

Can you still make some jumps?

Watch Gigi, I was recently in Rome, right on the track of my Olympics: I did the 100 meters walking and I seemed to have run a marathon...

 

And instead, closing with a little ‘gossip, what seemed to walk hand in hand with a myth as Wilma Rudolph (who won three golds in Rome) in that legendary 1960?

Well, that was a cover story rather than a real flirtation. She was always escorted by the coach, an American marcantonio, and sometimes even by a bodyguard, a two-meter-tall marine. Imagine ... but it was a good story that I would do a thousand times even if platonic.

 

Thanks, Livio and ... prosit. 

 

 

Books

Books - ATLANTIS

  The Reis, as Erdogan has changed Turkey

 Within 15 years, Turkey, which we were accustomed to know as a loyal ally of the West, a member of NATO and a candidate for entry into the European Union, implemented an authoritarian and Islamonationalist turn that surprised foreign observers and began to worry both Washington and Brussels. But how was this process born? And how could it be completed in such a short time? This is what Marta Ottaviani tried to do in his book Il Reis. As Erdogan has changed Turkey, published by Textus editions. The volume, which also received very flattering opinions in the academic environment, won the Fiuggi Premio Speciale Special Section Award in 2016.

As is clear from the title, the work focuses on the figure of the current Turkish president, Recep Tayyip Erdogan. However, the first part is entirely historical and very important, because it speaks of Turkish politics since the death of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder of the modern state, until 2001, when Erdogan founded his AKP, the Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi, the party for Justice and Development, which has been leading the country since 2002. In this first part we examine the birth and progressive affirmation of the Islamic political right, implemented by Necmettin Erbakan, Erdogan’s own political father and that of an Islamic right more devoted to soft power, which has never revealed its power with the creation of a traditional party, but that has operated through a powerful organization, which has infiltrated people loyal to every level of bureaucracy and the highest institutions of the country. To pull the strings of this second entity was Fethullah Gülen, the real gray eminence of the Turkish republic. Those of Erbakan and Gülen are two key figures for understanding recent Turkish history.

The thesis that reaches Ottaviani is courageous. According to the author, Turkey has never achieved true democratization. In this context should be read the four coup d’etat brought by the military from 1960 to today (but excluding that of July 2016) and the many judgments of the judiciary with which they were closed dozens of parties served to maintain a precarious balance, filtering what, at least in part, has always been a commonplace, true only up to a certain point, namely that of Turkey, the only Muslim country, but secular and democratic. More than secular he had been forcibly laicized. And it has never been fully democratic.

Hence the second thesis: Erdogan, in fact, has not invented anything new. He only gave new life to an Islamic political tradition that already existed, giving it a new look and receiving the help, unaware of the European Union. We can now safely say that the Turkish president has never really believed in the entrance to the club in Brussels and that this has served as the motivation to approve those reforms that, in fact, have removed powers to the two apparatuses that were the only and true opposition to his power: the army and the judiciary.

Four phases can be identified in the management of Erdogan’s power. The first goes from 2002 to 2007 and is definitely the best. The power system in Turkey was still balanced and the then prime minister focused primarily on economic growth and the first reforms to win the confidence of Brussels. The period from 2007 to 2011 represents in some way the apogee for the Turkish leader, considered by Europe as a model for the entire Middle East. But already there were glimpses of what would have been the fate of the country. Since 2009, Turkey has embarked on an increasingly autonomous foreign policy from the US and EU, managing the Libyan and Syrian crisis in a blatant and harmful manner, where Erdogan’s ideological opposition to President Assad and the anti-corruption motive have led Ankara to an alliance under track, but dangerous, with some jihadist movements including the Islamic State. With the third mandate, started in June 2011, the author also officially starts the authoritarian and conservative drift. A double track that led Erdogan to be increasingly aggressive abroad and increasingly dictatorial within national borders. These are the years in which the distance struggle began with Fethullah Gülen, with whom the Turkish president had been an ally for a few years, just long enough to dispel the secular currents of the army and the magistrates. The revolt of Gezi Parki, in June 2013, stifled in violence, has unveiled to the world the true face of what, until recently, was considered in Europe, a possible model for many Mediterranean countries. Gezi Parki served Erdogan not only to quell the square, but also commissioned his AKP party, eliminating the most dangerous exponents for him and replacing them with loyalists increasingly linked to the most subversive religious circles. The book ends with the three dramatic years that culminate in the coup of July 2016, where the author explains how Turkey has changed, first from a social point of view and how this country is still destined to impact on Europe. (The Reis, as Erdogan has changed Turkey, Marta Federica Ottaviani, Textus Editions, first edition 2016). 

 

 

 

Books e Literature in the World

Books e Literature in the World - ATLANTIS

 Dispatriati literary prize, on the theme of Italian emigration

 THIRD edition 2017/18. in collaboration with the Italo-American Foundation Filitalia International and the Mazzanti Libri Me Publisher publishing house.

Since 2015, Mazzanti Libri promotes and organizes the “Dispatriati” Literary Prize, dedicated to works whose content is related to the issue of emigration and immigration. The title is a tribute to the Venetian writer of Malo (Vicenza), Luigi Meneghello and lived practically in England as a university professor of Italian studies.

The “Dispatriati” Prize is realized in collaboration with the Filitalia International Foundation and with its Italian national emanation and its Chapter of Rome and Venice.

ME Publisher, a publishing house based in Venice and New York, active in the e-book and traditional book sector with the Mazzanti Libri brand, operates in the fields of Fiction, Poetry and Essays. In the latter, the following sections should be mentioned: Ambente, Economia, Energia - Diritto e Economia - Politics and Society - Strategic and International Studies - History and Identity - Travel and Solidarity - Architecture, Landscape, Urban Planning - Education - Collaborations. The necklaces are directed by writers, journalists and university professors.

Filitalia International is a foundation founded in Filadelfia (USA) to promote Italian culture and keep its spirit alive among Italian immigrants in the United States of America. From the United States, it has extended its operations to South America and Europe. In Italy, after the establishment of the association of the same name affiliated to the American foundation, numerous chapters have been established in the main cities of the peninsula since 2012.

Emigration has been (and still is) a historical, political and social phenomenon of great importance for Italy.

Emigration is the social phenomenon by which individuals or groups move from their place of origin to another destination, usually with the aim of finding new job opportunities.

The succession of migratory flows of different sizes over time has led to the establishment of Italian communities in the various destination countries, quantifiable as a whole (excluding naturalized and native) in about 4,000,000 people. Their importance for the economic, political and social development of many countries (and for the country and regions of origin with the sending of remittances and also, sometimes, with the return of better qualified personnel) has been significant. The problems of integration with the population and with the political and juridical regulations of the country were just as important. The traditional surplus among the men’s emigrants has considerably diminished due to a greater propensity for family reunification and the increasing participation of women in work activities.

The Italian areas most affected by emigration were those of the Southern Mezzogiorno (in particular Campania and Calabria), of Sicily, of Calabria, of Veneto and Friuli, from which the general laborer left which was directed towards other countries Europeans, the Americas and Australia, and found prevalent employment in the engineering industry, construction, transport and hotel business. Migrants from other regions have been less numerous: generally they were specialized workers and managers of Italian companies in African and Asian countries.

The Project linked to the Prize provides that emigration is a phenomenon that must be studied together with that of immigration and integration. 

 

 

Travel tips for Italians

Travel tips for Italians - ATLANTIS

Travel tips for Italians

Before leaving for abroad

• Know

• Inform

• Make

 

Inform yourself

The www.viaggiaresicuri.it site, edited by the Crisis Unit of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation in collaboration with ACI, provides information as current as possible on all countries of the world.

In the country’s page where you plan to go in the foreground A NOTICE PARTICULAR with an update on the current situation, in particular on specific security issues, weather, epidemics, etc.

Besides the Notice Particular is available the FACT SHEET, which provides updated information about the country in general, with instructions for safety, health outcomes, indications for economic operators, traffic and useful addresses.

Remember to also check www.viaggiaresicuri.it shortly before your departure because security situations of foreign and regulations and administrative measures countries can change rapidly: is data that we continually upgrade.

You can acquire the information through daily active Crisis Telefonica Operative Central Unit (with voice timetable night service):

• Italy 06-491115

• from abroad + 39-06-491115

 

Inform

Before leaving, you can also record your trip on www.dovesiamonelmondo.it site stating your general, the itinerary of the trip and a mobile phone number. By recording the trip, the estimate will more accurately Crisis Unit the number of Italians in crisis areas, identify the identity and schedule servicing when sopraggiunga a severe emergency situation.

All the data are automatically deleted two days after your return, and are used only in case of emergency to facilitate action by the Crisis Unit in case of need.

As well as via the Internet, you can also register with your mobile phone by sending an SMS with a question mark? or with the word HELP to the number 320 2043424, or by phone at 011-2219018 and following the instructions.

 

Make

I strongly encourage anyone who is about to travel abroad temporarily, in their own interest, to obtain the European Health Insurance Card (EHIC), for travel to EU countries, or, for travel outside the EU, a ‘health insurance with adequate ceiling, to cover not only the cost of medical care and treatment carried out at hospitals and health facilities, but also the possible plane transfer to another country or repatriation of the sick, in severe cases even for means of aero-ambulance.

In case of organized tourist trips, we suggest you carefully check the contents of health insurance included in travel packages and, in the absence of adequate safeguards, we strongly recommend taking out individual health insurance policies.

And ‘well known that in many countries the local medical and health standards are different from those in Europe, and often private facilities have very high costs for each type of assistance, care or benefit provided. In recent years, the Directorate General for Italians Abroad and Migration Policies (DGIT) has seen the rise of reported cases of Italians in difficult situations abroad for medical and health reasons.

Remember that the diplomatic-consular missions, while providing the necessary assistance, can not sustain nor grant direct payments to a private nature; only in the most serious and urgent cases, they may grant to nationals not residing in the consular district and who find themselves in situations of hardship loans with restitution promise, which must, however, be repaid to the State upon return to Italy.

To obtain general information on assistance healthcare abroad, please refer to the website of the Ministry of Health, particularly noting “If I start service to ...” that allows you to have information on the right or not to health care during a stay or residence in any country of the world. 

 

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