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4/2018

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In this issue

In this issue - ATLANTIS

Serenella Antoniazzi 

She is coauthor of “reD - I do not want to fail”, theater play in one act.

 

Luigi Bignotti

Journalist.

 

Marco Bovo

Psycologist.

 

Farancesca Cannataro

Journalist.

 

Francesco Ippoliti

General.

 

Domenico Letizia

Writer and Geopolitical Analist.

 

Riccardo Palmerini

Coordinator of the Master in Tourism in Religious and Cultural Heritage at the ISSR “Santa Maria di Monte Berico” in Vicenza. Visiting professor in Design and Innovation at the IAE Toulouse 1 Capitole. Founder and president of the Cultural Association “La stanza delle idee” (“The room of ideas”) - Art and Culture for the Peoples; Professional member of the Italian Association of Marketing and the American Marketing Association. Member of the scientific committee for the development of programs between culture and technology for the Metropolitan Strategic Plan of Bologna.

 

Nelly Pellin

Journalist.

 

Stefania Schipani

Istat Researcher. Graduated in International Political Sciences. Specialized in Environmental Economics, she collaborates with the University of Tor Vergata. She is President of the “Rifareleuropa” Research Center and Vice President of “Filitalia International.”

 

Alberto Scotti

Attorney, Italian President of UNVS.

 

Luca Tatarelli

Journalist.  Editor in Chief  www.reportdifesa.it review.

 

Romano Toppan

Professor.

 

Annalisa Triggiano

Reasearcher.

 

Appointments in the World

Appointments in the World - ATLANTIS

Matera European Capital of Culture

from 1 January

The year of Matera is the European Capital of Culture. The European Capital of Culture was established in 1985 to promote knowledge of the historical, artistic and cultural heritage of EU member countries. Each year the title is transferred to two cities in two Member States. In 2019, the other country that will host a capital of culture will be Bulgaria.

 

Remembrance Day

January 27th

International celebration celebrated on January 27th each year as a day in commemoration of the Holocaust victims. was thus designated on 1 November 2005 by Resolution 60/7 of the UN General Assembly of 1 November 2005 during the 42nd plenary meeting.

 

World Day against Infibulation and Female Genital Mutilation

6 February

The World Health Organization has estimated that 130 million women in the world have already been submitted to the practice, and that 3 million girls are at risk each year. 

 

World Rare Disease Day

28 February

The day dedicated to rare diseases is celebrated. It is rare to have a disease that does not affect more than 0.05%, so 5 cases out of 10 thousand people. In Italy, there are over two million, and 70% is in pediatric age, the people affected by these genetic diseases that are estimated to vary between 6 thousand and 8 thousand. Very often they are hereditary, they can be diagnosed in childhood, but many have a slow evolution and therefore the diagnosis takes place in the presence now of a multi-organ damage. In fact, rare diseases affect all the different disciplines, but specific skills are fundamental in the management (diagnosis and clinical care) of these patients.

 

2019 International Year of Indigenous Languages

Languages play a fundamental role in the daily lives of all people, with their complicated consequences for identity, cultural diversity, social integration, communication, education and development. Through languages, people not only integrate their history, traditions, memories, the same ways of thinking, understanding and expression, but most importantly, they build their future. Languages are essential in the areas of human rights protection, peace building and sustainable development, ensuring cultural diversity and intercultural dialogue. However, regardless of their immense value, languages continue to disappear at an alarming rate throughout the world, due to various factors. Most of these are indigenous languages.

 

Week against racism and racial discrimination 

March 21-27

The International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination is celebrated every year on March 21st. The date of March 21st was chosen to remember when on March 21st 1960, in South Africa, in full apartheid, the police opened fire on a group of black protesters killing sixty-nine and wounding 180. This is sadly remembered as the Sharpeville massacre.

 

 

Dossier: The1968 Movement

Dossier: The1968 Movement - ATLANTIS

 

The movement 

of the 1968

 

Sixty-eight 

Protest Movement that in 1967-68 involved sectors of the working and youth world, especially students, in the United States and in many European countries. Born in the context of the protest against the American intervention in Vietnam, he adopted anti-authoritarian and egalitarian requests, claiming forms of direct democracy and ‘integral participation’ in political life, which, in the absence of alternative theoretical references, concentrated in a radical criticism of social institutions (family, school, work). The agitations, which culminated in the so-called French May, while in Czechoslovakia assumed the features of the anti-Soviet protest of the Prague Spring, in other countries, such as Italy, they measured themselves (1968-69) with the struggles of the labor movement.

 

Contestation 

Collective action oriented towards criticism, dissent or protest against the social system and its constituent values. The subjects of c. it is social movements, above all youth and student ones, born from the spontaneous aggregation of individuals who recognize themselves in a common existential condition and are mobilized in view of the objectives of society’s change. These phenomena often derive from the friction between the tendentially repressive character of some primary institutions (family and school in the first place) and the modernizing dynamics of the developed societies, for which the charge of intolerance and aggressiveness matured in private and inter-family relationships is whole social system. In their historical development the episodes of c. they can be presented as manifestations of social deviance or variance, linked to particular phenomena of juvenile rebelliousness or they may constitute wider phenomena than c. global, when they are able to generate conflicts against the social order under the influence of totalizing and liberating ideologies. In this case, the conflicts that are triggered are essentially characterized by contents of anti-authoritarian, anticonsumistic, anti-rationalist polemic.

The term contestation is commonly used in a re-evocative sense with reference to the facts of c. young and student exploded in American universities, during the early sixties of the twentieth century, and later spread to Europe, where it assumed more markedly political connotations, especially after 1968.

 

Italian ‘68

Unlike the short but intense French one, the Italian protest movement was more profound and lasting. From universities and high schools it spread into factories, influencing the whole society with its values.

The bases of the revolt

The explosion of protest was determined by material and ideological causes; from the dysfunctions of the school, especially the universities, inadequate to support the mass schooling that took place in those years, but also to interpret the needs of the younger generations (in 1968 the universities of Rome, Naples and Bari had, respectively, 60,000, 50,000 and 30,000 students, while each was built to accommodate just over five thousand students). Many young people did not share the dominant values ​​in Italy of the “economic miracle”: individualism, the exaltation of the family, the race for consumption. In 1967 Don Lorenzo Milani, a Catholic priest of dissent, published a book that caused a sensation, Letter to a professor, in which the students of the school of Barbiana, in the province of Florence, documented the class values ​​of the educational system and the triumph of individualism in the new Italy.

In the same period a resurgence of Marxist thought was manifested by young intellectuals who stood outside the traditional leftist parties and gravitated around the magazines “Quaderni rossi” and “Quaderni piacentini”. Overall, these initiatives contributed to the formation and dissemination among young people of a common ideological background in which the values ​​of solidarity, collective action and the fight against social injustice were opposed to the individualism and consumerism of mature capitalism.

In this context, a singular position took the poet and writer Pier Paolo Pasolini (1922-1975), author of novels dedicated to the proletarian world of the bor- dars, like Ragazzi di vita, 1955 (• The struggle of the riccetto for the survival), who had joined Marxism and its project of emancipation of the working classes, but looked with pessimism at the changes in Italian society, the “anthropological mutation” induced by the mass media, which threatened to destroy the variety of cultural forms and homogenize them to the dominant culture. In his opinion, the students did not escape from this recognition either, but in words, but only in words, in his opinion, they believed they were fighting for a more authentic and just world. This explains how during the student protest of 1968 Pasolini took a position that seemed to many inexplicable, publicly siding against students and in favor of the police, on the grounds that these belonged to the proletarian class, while the students were “sons of Dad”, of the petty bourgeoisie.

University occupations

The first university to be occupied in the autumn of 1967 was that of Trento, followed shortly after by the Catholic University of Milan and the Faculty of Letters of Turin. From December 1967 to February 1968 the universities of Italy were raised.

From the universities the movement went out into the streets, giving rise to street clashes with the police and different forms of rebellion. In the first instance, authoritarianism was under accusation, with the request for new teaching methods and a different relationship with the teachers; but soon the rejection of authoritarianism was extended to the family, of which (under the influence of the writings of Ronald David Laing and David Cooper) the oppressive and alienating character, and more generally to all hierarchies and centers, was highlighted. of power, to which direct democracy was opposed: every decision within the movement had to be taken by mass assemblies, delegations being viewed with suspicion.

The ideological orientation and values ​​of the student movement.

Regarding the ideological orientation of the movement, in a broad sense it can be defined as Marxist: Man to a dimension of Marcuse, the writings of Mao, the texts of the young Marx were among the most widely read books in that period, even if more than the thought was the action to attract the students. Especially since now the need to adapt to the new libertarian spirit also its own private behavior, especially regarding the sphere of emotional and sentimental relationships, began to spread in Italy. “The taboos that surrounded sexual practices in Italy were systematically broken for the first time; sexual liberation became at the same time an objective of the movement and one of its rules “(P. Ginsborg, History of Italy from the post-war period to today, Einaudi 1989, page 414). 1968 was therefore much more than a protest against the dysfunction of school and university; it was an attempt to overturn the dominant values in those years. So much so that to achieve their goal Italian students tried to have the working class alongside and moved from the universities to the factories. Starting from here, however, the movement lost its spontaneous and libertarian character and was divided into many rivulets, in a considerable series of revolutionary groups antagonistic to the Communist Party (Servire the People, Worker Avant-garde, Continuing Struggle, Worker Power, the Manifesto), that remained active until the early seventies and then disappeared.

 

Nicola Matteucci

Observing the evolution of the student movement, the author was able to identify two profoundly different trends: on the one hand a tendency to change the university in a profound way and on the other hand a tendency on the part of the student movement to bring into being a real political revolution.

Beyond the illegitimacy of the objectives pursued, Matteucci observed how both these objectives implied the presence of political allies inside the university and outside it, allies who were none other than the Communist party and trade unions.

However, Matteucci was able to observe, in a disenchanted and ironic way, how the Communist party had no intention of implementing any political or social revolution.

The only purpose really pursued was the instrumental one: the Communist party used the student protest in order to achieve a substantial electoral strengthening.

As for the university reform proposals, formulated by the Italian Communist Party, these appeared to be irreconcilable and mutually contradictory to the author: a university that was critical and open to scientific development was not reconciled with a mass university.

Student power, therefore, was nothing more than a model of a romantic type or at most a conception free of any connection with reality.

From an exquisitely historical point of view the crisis of ‘68 was similar to that of the nineteenth century when Marxism was able to become an organic vision of the alternative world with respect to positivism.

However, beyond these comparisons of an overall nature, the 1968 movement presented for the author a real mass irrationalism, above all an irrationalism present within the student masses and secondly, strictly cultural, he became the spokesman of a vulgar Marxism that was translated into the exaltation of violence as an end in itself, in a real iconoclastic fury, in a utopian velleitarism.

Behind the faces of the young antagonists, Matteucci saw the satisfied young man, the spoiled child who wanted to be satisfied in all his desires.

In short, for Matteucci, freedom and authority were not only incompatible but complementary.

In order to better characterize the operative modalities of the sessantottino movement, starting from 1970, the author used a meaningful expression that is to say that of populist insurgency meaning a set of simple and elementary ideas in radical opposition to the political tradition and cultural, insurgency characterized by a profound anti-intellectualism that manifested itself in a real contempt for critical reason, towards the specialist in the name of grossly primitive and elementary passions exploited by certain parties and unions.

Moreover, the populist insurgency had led to the birth of a real gray area between Catholic and Communist culture that was manifested respectively in the mystique of the poor and in the mystique of the worker, which - coexisting and manifesting in a synergistic way - respectively they led, on the one hand, out of Marxism to revolutionary syndicalism and on the other hand to a radical misrepresentation of Christianity whose purpose was not the transformation of society but the salvation of the soul.

In other words, the populist insurgency was essentially anti-historical, of a voluntaristic matrix and had as its ultimate goal the collapse of constitutional democracy.

 

Deseases in the World: MAERS

Deseases in the World: MAERS - ATLANTIS

 

MERS - Coronavirus

Coronavirus - New Middle Respiratory Syndrome (Middle-East Respiratory Syndrome - MERS) Coronavirus

The coronaviruses that infect humans are part of the Coronaviridae family and owe their name to their characteristic “crown” appearance. The family of the coronavirus belongs to the SARS virus (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome), which in 2003 caused about 8000 cases and 800 deaths in several countries. Since 2003, except for sporadic cases acquired in the laboratory following accidental exposures, no new cases of SARS have occurred in the world.

In the summer of 2012, a new, highly pathogenic Coronavirus has appeared in Middle Eastern countries, which can cause a disease called Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS, from the English Middle-East Respiratory Syndrome). This virus is called MERS-CoV.

 

What is MERS?

MERS is a severe syndrome that causes respiratory compromise, with frequent renal and gastro-enteric involvement. It caused death in about 35% of cases recorded so far. To date (September 2015) about 1500 cases are reported in the world, including more than 500 deaths. The most affected country (with about 1200 cases) is Saudi Arabia, but other cases have been reported in other countries of the Arabian peninsula and neighboring countries (Bahrain, United Arab Emirates, Jordan, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Kuwait, Lebanon; Oman, Qatar, Syria, State of Palestine, Yemen). In June-July 2015 an epidemic developed in South Korea which is currently terminated and the country is now not considered to be at risk. The WHO (World Health Organization) lists all reported cases and updates its site regularly: http://www.who.int/emergencies/mers-cov/en/

 

How is it transmitted?

It is hypothesized that a risk factor for the acquisition of the disease is the close contact with respiratory secretions and other biological fluids of some sick animals (in particular camels and / or dromedaries). In fact, for some human cases, exposure to infected camels and / or dromedaries has been demonstrated. In the absence of contact with these animals, the risk of acquiring the disease outside the hospital is extremely low.

The vast majority of infections (more than 90%), on the other hand, were contracted in particular in hospitals, for direct human-to-human transmission. The virus, which is however extremely transmissible from man to man outside the hospital, is infectiously more contagious between different patients and between patients and health workers.

The man-to-man transmission modes in the hospital are: through respiratory secretions (coughing, sneezing), through direct and indirect contact with patient secretions or objects contaminated with the patient’s secretions. It is still unclear whether a proper aerial transmission is possible (at a distance of more than 2 meters from the patient source).

 

What are the symptoms?

The most common symptoms seen in patients with CoV are fever, cough, with evolution in acute respiratory syndrome (pneumonia or pulmonary insufficiency). Some patients have had renal insufficiency. Sometimes gastrointestinal symptoms, such as diarrhea, are present. In people with immune deficiencies, the disease may have an atypical and more severe condition. The incubation period is about 5-7 days, with a maximum of 14 days.

 

Who is at risk?

The traveler who visits the countries of the Arabian peninsula has an extremely low risk of contracting MERS, unless they frequent hospitals or have close contacts with respiratory secretions or derived products (unpasteurized milk, undercooked meat) of camels and / or dromedaries.

In the event of the appearance of respiratory or gastro-enteric symptoms within the 14 days following the last stay in the listed countries, the patient is asked to contact their doctor, stating that they have made the trip, and reporting any exposures at risk.

 

How do you prevent it?

Since the methods of transmission outside hospitals are not yet known, it is not possible to give specific advice on the prevention of infection. It is advisable, based on current knowledge, to avoid direct contact with respiratory secretions or derived products (unpasteurized milk, undercooked meat) of some animals (camels and / or dromedaries).

In general, for the diseases caused by coronavirus, the same preventive behavior as all respiratory infections is worth:

- Avoiding crowded places,

- Wash your hands often,

- Do not take your hands (unwashed) to the nose or mouth.

- Other general preventive measures are: avoid raw or undercooked meat, unwashed fruit or vegetables and uncuffed drinks. If you get sick while traveling, you must apply the correct “respiratory hygiene” behaviors, such as sneezing or coughing in a handkerchief, use a mask and throw the tissues used in a basket, wash your hands often with soap and water or with alcoholic solutions.

 

The vaccine is not currently available.

How to cure?

There is no specific antiviral treatment for MERS. Pharmacological and supportive treatment is based on the patient’s clinical condition.

Measures of international public health

Following the identification of the MERS-CoV, the World Health Organization (WHO) and the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) have put in place an international surveillance activity to identify possible cases and deepen the knowledge on the virus.

WHO regularly provides the health authorities of the Member States with detailed information and recommendations for monitoring and surveillance. In Italy, a surveillance network for severe acute respiratory infections is active and since May 2013 also a specific surveillance for the possible cases of MERS. The situation is constantly monitored by the Ministry of Health, which is in continuous contact with the WHO and the ECDC, and promptly publishes every new update on its Portal. 

 

 

 

REPORT DEFENSE: Artillery Reportage, discovering the “Arma Dotta”

REPORT DEFENSE:  Artillery Reportage, discovering the “Arma Dotta” - ATLANTIS

 

 Artillery Reportage, discovering the “Arma Dotta” of the Italian Army

 

Luca  Tatarelli

 

 

Bracciano (Rome). A story born on July 1, 1888, when the Central School of Artillery Shooting was established in Nettuno (Rome) and the Central School of Artillery from Fortezza which was established in Bracciano (Rome) a few years later and where a polygon was already present shooting.

Both schools did a different training path until, during the First World War, they gave the Artillery Weapon the value that distinguished its men in all the battles. The most decisive one is Vittorio Veneto.

We are talking about the last armed conflict between Italy and the Austro-Hungarian Empire that took place between October 24 and November 3, 1918 in the area between Vittorio Veneto and the Julian Alps and followed by a few months the great offensive of the battle of the Solstice that shattered against the Piave line and from which the Austrian Army came almost destroyed.

In 1925 the two Artillery Central Schools merged into a single institution that was opened in Civitavecchia (Rome) and which took the name of “Central Artillery School”.

A few days after the end of the Second World War, on April 10, 1945, the 52 ° Piceno Artillery Regiment that had recently been transferred to Bracciano took the name of “Artillery Regimental Regiment”. From here on January 15, 1946 the Artillery School was born.

Five years later, the same School created a specialty, constituting a Department of Light Aviation Army which was then transferred to Viterbo and from which the bases of the Aviation of the Armed Force were founded.

On May 2, 1976, in Bracciano, the 1st “Hunters of the Alps” Group was established, which brought to mind the traditions of that Department of volunteers entrusted to Giuseppe Garibaldi and whose task was to penetrate the Lombardy-Veneto territory to free him, harassing the right side of the Austrian Army, igniting the patriotic sentiment of the populations in order to encourage the influx of new volunteers.

In the same year the 1st “Gran Sasso” Group was also established.

They were both operative pawns of the School that were joined to a group of official complementary students (AUC) who trained officers and non-commissioned officers.

On November 12, 1999, the 1st “Hunters of the Alps” group was suppressed and its flag was delivered to the Sacrament of Flags in the Altare della Patria in Rome.

On October 1, 2010, in Bracciano, the School and the Artillery Brigade were established, the Artillery Command (COMART), which inherited their respective training-training and operational skills.

At the command of the Artillery and Inspector of the Artillery Weapon is Brigadier General, Fabio Giambartolomei.

The War Flag of the Artillery Weapon is awarded with: 1 Knight’s Cross of the Military Order of Italy, 3 Gold Medals for Military Value, 1 Silver Medal for Military Valor and 1 of Bronze always to the Military Valor. The Commander of the Artillery is the custodian since 4 November 1947.

THE ARTILLERY OF THE YEARS 2000

Today, the Command of the Artillery is employed by the COMFOTER Supports. Enuclea a Command Post Brigade of Artillery under OPCOM of the Command of Solbiate Olona (Varese) NRDC-ITA (in Operations). It then provides augmentees for the JFSE of the Army Corps and Division level in the hypothesis of employment in a scenario MJO + (Major Joint Operations +).

The Command must also allow full terrestrial artillery units to be reached as part of the “Full spectrum” operations, improving the ability of the personnel to work alongside the maneuvering ones. It must improve and adapt the command structures and procedures to be able to deploy a Brigade Artillery Command Station / “core staff element” in accordance with national and NATO requirements.

 

It must guide and improve the capabilities of the Fires Center, Targeting and Info-Ops of the Army in compliance with national and international commitments and must ensure the coordinating authority for the JTAC basin and Laser Operator of the Armed Force (conventional forces).

Furthermore, the Command formulates addresses to qualify, specialize, update the personnel of the Artillery Weapon and to verify the correspondence of the didactic-training cycles set by the Army General Staff with the needs of the commander of the Terrestrial Operating Forces.

The Armando Command studies, experiments and develops artillery means and materials, as well as elaborating and updating the employment doctrine and the technical-tactical procedures of the artillery units and related regulations.

Furthermore, it provides for the preparation and training of its units and for the operational planning of competence and for the organization of the evaluations of the same units.

Enuclea, in the course of operations or exercises, a specialized Command / Staff employed by a superordinate Command, framing its units or part of them

 

DEPENDENT DEPARTMENTS 

OF THE ARTIGLIERIA COMMAND

There are four Departments depending on the Armament Artillery Command.

 

5th REGION TERRESTRIAL ARTILLERY (IRZ) 

“SUPERGA”

The company is based in Portogruaro (Venice). It is the oldest artillery regiment in Italy. Its origins date back to 1743, when the Royal Artillery Regiment was founded, which later became the “Royal Artillery Corps”.

On 1 December 2001 the Regiment headquarters were moved from Udine to Portogruaro, taking the name of the 5th Terrestrial Artillery Regiment “Superga”.

It is equipped with a modern weapon system capable of providing a great fire support of extreme power and precision. It is able to reach long ranges with respect to the other artillery of the Italian military instrument.

 

7th REGULATION DEFENSE NBC “CREMONA”

The current 7th “Cremona” Regiment originates from the 7th Artillery Regiment, established on June 17th 1860 in Modena with the fusion of 12 Piedmontese, Tuscan and Emilian batteries. He participated in the 3rd War of Independence and in 1870 he was part of the Shipping Corps for the taking of Rome fighting at Porta Pia.

During the 1st World War, he was employed on the Karst in Tolmin, on the Sabotino in Gorizia, on the Vodice, on the Grappa, on the Montello and in Vittorio Veneto.

He participated in the Ethiopian campaign where he deserved a War Cross at Military Valor.

World War II saw him deployed, first at the French border and then in Corsica.

After September 8, 1943, he participated in the War of Liberation in the Cremona fighting group, deserving the Bronze medal for Military Valor.

On June 26, 1945, he was permanently transferred to Piedmont.

On October 30, 1975, following the restructuring measures of the Army, he became the 7th “Adria” campaign artillery group, classified in the “Cremona” Motorized Brigade.

In 1992, he again assumed the regimental order, taking the name of “Cremona” again.

Finally, on 21 September 1995, following the new restructuring of the Army, the 7th Regiment was transferred to Civitavecchia, near the “Piave” barracks, in the ranks of the mechanized Brigade “Granatieri di Sardegna”.

From 1 December 1997, in implementation of the orders and structural measures of the Armed Forces, the Regiment, replaced by the 33rd already of the “Acqui” Brigade, left the “Granatieri di Sardegna” Brigade and was framed in the Artillery Grouping.

From December 31, 1998, the Unit was reconfigured in the 7th NBC Defense Department “Cremona” stationed in Civitavecchia.

It is the only Army Regiment that, in an Operational Theater, can perform Detection, Identification & Monitoring (DIM) activities to respond to accidental chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) attacks or releases. It can guarantee the competition with the Police and Public Relief Forces with prevention, environmental monitoring and reclamation of CBRN devices in case of actions on our national territory such as terrorist attacks, nuclear power accidents, illegal waste disposal toxic and more.

 

52 ° REGINO TERRESTRIAL REGION “TORINO”

The Regiment was born in June 1916 in Naples from the Deposit of the 24th Campaign Artillery Regiment and with the competition of the 8th, 14th, 27th and 2nd Regiments. The 52nd Campaign Artillery Regiment was used between 1916 and 1917 on the Bainsizza and the Piave, and was then dissolved in December 1918.

It became operational again between 1935 and 1936 and was permanently reconstituted on 1 October 1938 in Civitavecchia (Rome) with Groups of the 1st and 13th Regiments.

Assigned to the “Torino” Division, he took over the name and, with it, after the short operational cycle in the Western Alps, his soldiers leave for Russia in the Italian Shipment Corps in Russia (CSIR), then turned into Armada (ARMIR) .

He was decorated with a gold and a bronze medal for Military Valor.

Reduced to 10% of the personnel, destroyed the pieces that he could no longer carry with him, the Regiment fought as an infantry unit during the tragic withdrawal from the Don’s bend. Repatriato was closed on May 31, 1943 and his name passed to the 159th Artillery Regiment of the Division “Veneto” which will be dissolved a few months later in Gorizia following the Armistice.

Reconstituted on January 1, 1947 in Acqui (Alessandria) as a Regiment of Controls for the Division “Cremona”, it changed its name to the Regiment from the campaign countercharts in 1948 and then from the campaign in 1951.

Transferred to Alexandria, he moved into heavyweight in 1953, aligning five armed groups with pieces from 155/45 and 203/25.

In 1975 the restructuring took place and the Regiment was dissolved so much that the name passed to the Group that became 52 ° Artillery Group from the “Venaria” Campaign for the “Brescia” Mechanized Brigade.

Moved from March 1, 1991 to the mechanized Brigata “Legnano” with the self-propelled material of 155/23 M109G, it re-articulated in 52 ° Artillery Regiment from the “Venaria” Self-propelled Campaign that on the following 1st August 1992 became 52 ° Artillery Regiment from a Self-propelled Campaign “Torino”.

Reinstated with the modern M109 from Brescia, he was moved to Vercelli where he took over the 131rd in the ranks of the “Centauro” Brigade.

At the suppression of the 8th self-propelled campaign regiment, the 52nd was put in charge of the “Pozzuolo del Friuli” Cavalry Brigade which he left in 2005 to go to the Artillery Brigade.

On September 8, 2016, the 52nd Regiment from Vercelli was again moved to Bracciano.

 

TRAINING REG

Among the courses that are held in Bracciano there are:

FIRE SUPPORT COORDINATOR AND TARGETING

TACTICAL INFO OPS STAFF PLANNING

LASER OPERATOR IN SUPPORT OF JTAC

OPERATOR AND ADMINISTRATOR SIF

PRE-JTAC (JOINT TERMINAL ATTACK CONTROLLER)

AEROCOOPERATION FOR OBSERVERS FIRE SUPPORT

TECHNICAL APPLICATION FOR OFFICIALS NORNAL ROLES AND SPECIAL ROLES

UPDATE FOR BATTERY COMMANDER, CAPO OPERATING CENTER, CAPE CENTER SPT. TECN.

SPECIALIZATION FOR MARESCIALLI AND SERIEE STUDENTS

REQUALIFICATION / SPECIALIZATION FOR VSP / VFP4

VEHICLES AND ARTILLERY MATERIALS (PZH2000, FH / 70, 105/14, RANGER, ICARO, SIGMA30)

GUIDE SPECIAL AND SEMOVATIVE VEHICLES

OBSERVER TERRESTRIAL FIRE SUPPORT FOR TACP / JTAC

 

The Regiment is, therefore, that the unit that deals with the qualification, specialization, updating of the personnel of the Artillery Weapon.

It includes highly skilled technicians, qualified both on the weapon systems supplied to the national artillery units and on the sensors used on the observation of artillery and battlefield shooting.

 

THE ARMS SYSTEMS SUPPLIED

Among the weapon systems used by the artillerymen are the THOMPSON 120 mm mortar. It is a curved shooting support weapon, it can be floated and can be removed. He has a rifle with a striped soul.

These are characteristics that give it high mobility and a capacity for rapid deployment on the battlefield.

Today it is equipped with the 185th “Folgore” Parachute Artillery Regiment as well as other Infantry units.

The PZH 2000 is a 155/52 self-propelled howitzer characterized by high mobility and protection. Due to its high level of automation it is able to emit a considerable firepower with high precision. It is equipped with a GPS and inertial system that allows to determine the position of the hips with considerable precision.

 

The Obice FH-70 155/39 is mechanically driven and is supplied with artillery regiments.

He is interested in a modernization plan by the defense industry. The auxiliary engine will be replaced and the howitzer will also be equipped with an automated aiming system.

Finally there is the MLRS (Multiple Launch Rocket System). It is a weapon system capable of launching precision ammunition with inertial guidance and GPS in depth up to distances of about 100 kilometers.

This system is able to promptly engage objectives of various dimensions and nature. It guarantees a high degree of precision, minimizes the risk of collateral damage even in urban areas and in congested areas. 

 

 

REPORT DEFENSE: European Energy Policy

REPORT DEFENSE: European Energy Policy - ATLANTIS

European Energy Policy

 

Annalisa Triggiano

 Brussels. Europe faces many challenges in the energy sector, such as increasing import dependency, limited diversification, high and volatile energy prices, rising global energy demand, risks to security in the countries of production and transit, the growing threats posed by climate change, the slow progress in energy efficiency, the challenges posed by the increase in the share of renewable energy sources, and the need for greater transparency, further integration and interconnection of energy markets.

The five dimensions of the Energy Union are: energy security, solidarity and trust, full integration of the European energy market, energy efficiency to contain demand, decarbonisation of the economy, research, innovation and competitiveness. To be aware of these principles, one can consult “A framework strategy for a resilient Energy Union, accompanied by a forward-looking climate change policy” [COM (2015) 80 final].

The strategy is part of the Energy Union package launched in February 2014, which also includes the following two communications: “The Paris Protocol - Plan for combating global climate change after 2020” [COM (2015) 81 final]; “Achieving the 10% electricity interconnection target - a European electricity grid ready for 2020” [COM (2015) 82 final].

The Paris Protocol (or Agreement), adopted by 197 countries including Italy, entered into force on 4 November 2016 and included, among other obligations, an action plan to limit global warming “well below” 2ºC, continuing efforts to keep it within 1.5 ° C.

Energy security inevitably leads to the pursuit of an important goal for the whole Union: independence. In this sense, the most recent data available (Eurostat 2016) are clear: the energy dependence of the Union to 28 states is calculated overall by 53.6% (percentage, it must be said, more or less stable for about a decade).

If we look at the gas market, the same estimates show that the total dependence reaches 70.4% (data always updated to 2016).

The data of the individual states can be very different from each other (for example, Italy has a much higher percentage than the European average, both if you look at the overall energy market - a percentage of 77.5%) and if you look at imports of gas, in which case imports even amount to 91.8%).

The term "energy dependence" indicates the state in which a country that imports energy raw materials is located. This is a factor that can be scientifically measured and consists of a percentage ratio between the net quantity of energy imports and the gross domestic consumption of increased energy from stored stocks.

A positive result indicates that a country is a net importer, the negative that a country is a net exporter and a result above 100% indicates that some quantities of energy products have been stored.

A key role in the development of a European energy strategy is played by the European Commission, although there are no lack of parliamentary initiatives.

To trace the principles of common energy policy, many normative sources contribute: the most specific are contained in the Treaty on the functioning of the European Union. The main objectives of the Union's energy policy are: to ensure the functioning of the internal energy market and the interconnection of energy networks, to guarantee the security of energy supply in the Union, to promote energy efficiency and energy saving, to promote the development of new and renewable energies to better align and integrate climate change objectives into the new market structure and stimulate research, innovation and competitiveness.

The governance proposal (COM 2016 0759) aims to establish a framework guaranteeing the implementation of the EU's general and specific objectives up to 2030 with regard to the deployment of renewable energy sources, the improvement of energy efficiency, the strengthening of interconnections and the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.

The tasks of the European Union include - always from a general point of view - that of promoting energy efficiency.

In this context, the foundation of EU energy efficiency policy is the 2012/27 / EU Directive of 25 October 2012 on energy efficiency, which aims to put Member States in a position to achieve the objectives for 2020. In November 2016, the Commission proposed a revision of Directive 2012/27 / EU (COM 2016 0761 and COM 2016 0765), to enhance the energy performance of new buildings, to speed up the restructuring of existing buildings to reduce their consumption energy, as well as making the most of the enormous potential of energy efficiency improvements in the building sector (on energy efficiency).

Furthermore, another of the priorities agreed at the European Council in May 2013 was to intensify the diversification of EU energy supply and develop local energy resources to ensure security of supply and reduce external energy dependency.

With regard to renewable energy sources, Directive 2009/28 / EC of 23 April 2009 introduced a 20% target to be achieved by 2020, while the Commission indicated a target of at least 27% by 2030 in its proposal for revision of the directive on the promotion of renewable energy.

The Union also aims to strengthen external relations in the energy sector: the Commission communication entitled "On security of energy supply and international cooperation - EU energy policy: a commitment with partners beyond our The borders were adopted on 7 September 2011 with the aim of promoting greater cross-border EU collaboration with neighboring countries and of creating a wider regulatory area through a regular exchange of information on intergovernmental agreements and collaboration in the fields of competition, security, access to the network and security of supply.

On this basis, the decision establishing a mechanism for the exchange of information on intergovernmental agreements between Member States and third countries in the energy sector was adopted on 25 October 2012.

The improvement of security of energy supply inevitably passes through the monitoring of the gas and oil market. ensure that risk assessments are carried out and appropriate preventive action plans and emergency plans are developed.

Regulation (EU) no. 994/2010 concerning measures to guarantee security of gas supply was adopted on October 20, 2010 with the aim of strengthening prevention mechanisms and anti-crisis mechanisms.

Directive 2009/119 / EC establishes the obligation for Member States to maintain a minimum level of oil stocks, corresponding to 90 days of average daily net imports or 61 days of average daily domestic consumption, whichever of the two types of reserves are quantitatively greater.

The Commission has recently proposed extending the scope of Directive 2009/73 / EC (Gas Directive) to gas pipelines to and from third countries, including existing and future pipelines. In response to the crisis in Ukraine, the 2017/1938 regulation provides for a strengthening of regional cooperation, preventive and emergency action plans at regional level and a solidarity mechanism to guarantee security of gas supply.

The European Strategic Energy Technology Plan (SET Plan), adopted by the Commission on 22 November 2007, aims to accelerate market introduction and the adoption of efficient and low-carbon energy technologies.

The plan promotes measures to help the EU develop the technologies necessary to pursue its policy objectives and, at the same time, to ensure that EU companies can benefit from the opportunities arising from a new approach to energy. The Commission Communication [C (2015) 6317] entitled "Towards an integrated strategic energy technology plan (SET-Plan): accelerating the transformation of the European energy system" assessed the implementation of the Plan and concluded that it is appropriate implement 10 actions to accelerate the transformation of the energy system and generate jobs and growth.

The European Parliament also supports the diversification of energy sources and supply routes, as well as the importance of developing gas and energy interconnections through central and south-eastern Europe along the North-South axis, through the creation of new interconnections, the diversification of liquefied natural gas terminals and the development of gas pipelines, thus opening up the internal market.

In view of the increasing dependence of the European Union on fossil fuels, Parliament welcomed the SET Plan, with the conviction that it would make a decisive contribution to sustainability and security of supply and would have been essential for the achievement of the objectives of the EU on energy and climate for 2030.

Furthermore, the Parliament of Strasbourg, through various Resolutions summarized below, has expressed its support for the measures proposed by the Commission in the Clean Energy Package for Europeans.

In this sense, it is worth mentioning the Resolution of 6 February 2018, with which the European Parliament adopted a series of non-legislative recommendations formulated by the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy aimed at encouraging innovation energy by improving the active participation of citizens and by carrying out long-term planning for the allocation of resources.

Furthermore, on 17 January 2018, Parliament set new binding targets for energy efficiency and the use of renewable energy to be achieved by 2030. MEPs expressed their support for the 40% reduction in energy consumption of the Union by 2030 and the target of a share of energy from renewable sources of at least 35%.

Beyond the objectives, however, many analysts agree that the state of European independence and energy security is destined to worsen, due to the projected decrease in Community production capacity, with resources being exhausted. Reinforcing European energy independence means, first of all, for many European countries, to become independent of Moscow. Poland is trying to do it: the announcement of an agreement with the USA for the supply of LNG is recent. The agreement will be valid from 2022 for 24 years and according to statements made by the CEO of PGNiG, a publicly owned Polish O & G company, the import price of US gas will be 20-30% cheaper than that imported from Russia.

Which, in this scenario, the possible role of Italy? Our country is a (strong) net importer of gas and the energy dependence referred to above is, in particular, the highest ever reached in the last decade.

Gas is the main source used to cover national energy demand. It is natural that such a situation can become problematic in economic and strategic terms.

In the first nine months of 2018, Italy has even overtaken Turkey in gas supplies from Russia. And if this makes us reflect on the good relations between Italy and Russia, it does not solve the problem of dependence, since Moscow covers 40% of the national needs, Algeria 25% and Libya 6%. On the other hand, much of the liquid natural gas comes from Qatar.

On 10 November 2017 the Italian government signed the decree adopting the 2017 National Energy Strategy (SEN), which describes the programmatic objectives of the country's energy policy until 2030. In short, the document calls for an alignment of energy prices Italians to European ones; a de-carbonization of the national energy system, in line with the long-term objectives set in the Paris Agreement. A rigorous commitment to improving the security of supply and supply of energy products from abroad.

Among the European partners, Italy enjoys a not inconsiderable geo-political advantage: if it is true that the European Energy Security Strategy also envisages the creation of a gas hub, in southern Europe, it is equally true that Italy could legitimately show the ambition to play this role.

This would allow first of all to align Italian energy costs with those of Europe. But the choice of Italy as a southern European hub could be favored not only by the expected arrival of Azeri gas through the TAP gas pipeline but also, in perspective, by the gas coming from the "Zohr" field discovered by ENI in the Egyptian waters of the Mediterranean Sea Eastern and other deposits discovered in Israeli, Cypriot and Lebanese waters. Another strategic work could be the ITGI Poseidon pipeline, under authorization.

The very ambitious objective presupposes, for Italy, a great distribution capacity that the TAP pipeline alone could not guarantee. It is also necessary to show decision on the EU tables to prevent initiatives by individual States which - see, for example, the disputed project of the Nord Stream II gas pipeline, which would allow Germany to become the most important entry point for Russian gas in Europe - aspire to become Europe's main gas hub in spite of its commitments. Energy security, in other words, must also pass through the use of routes from the South East. 

 

 

 

REPORT DEFENCE: Yemen, a war forgotten by everyone

REPORT DEFENCE: Yemen, a war forgotten by everyone - ATLANTIS

Yemen, a war forgotten by everyone

 

USAID has allocated over $ 566 million in aid in 2018.

 Francesco Ippoliti

Sana’a. We return to talk about the hypothesis of a lasting ceasefire between the parties in Yemen, a country devastated by the crisis produced by years of war.

On November 16, the special envoy for Yemen, Martin Griffiths, reported to the United Nations Security Council on the situation in the country and on the humanitarian conditions facing the Yemeni people.

Starting from the concept that is a war forgotten by everyone, in a part of the world that is distant and insignificant from the world economic point of view - a country of scarce resources where even the export of little crude oil is zero - has called attention to the humanitarian disaster that is taking shape and on the famine that is facing the country, with repercussions on public health and the specter of an announced death.

USAID reports were reported where they claimed that more than 8 million people live below the nutrition threshold and that the figure was destined to increase in the next 6 months. Without thinking about the number of those who immediately need humanitarian and health assistance.

Griffiths pointed out that USAID has allocated in 2014 for Yemen over 566 million dollars of aid, distributed to the various UN agencies and Europe 122 million euros, important funds but which have not achieved their goals.

He underlined the poor general conditions in which the country is faced and the internal frictions that tear it, with the support and support of wealthy nations.

Griffiths then wanted to draw international attention to try to end the massacres between the warring factions and their allies, not excluding the appeal to the International Court for war crimes and against humanity for all the actors who any title became part of the conflict.

The appeal was strong, decisive and deliberate, now the situation in Yemen begins to be unsustainable and is leaving the country in a deep abyss.

The call was almost also a transfer of responsibility of the victims of the country, from a local responsibility, due to the clash between factions, to international responsibility, as the United Nations can not be main actors in stopping an announced disaster.

The warring factions are also a symbol of religious struggle. The Hadi factions, supported by the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia (which in turn receives intelligence and logistical support from the US and France) are Sunni Muslims, while the Houthi factions are Shiite Muslims, with Iran’s more or less concealed support.

The conflict between Shiites and Sunnis is a clash that takes place on several fronts, in conflicts in the Middle East and in international diplomacy. Even in Yemen, this clash has its relevance and its predominance is essential for the future of the country.

The Yemeni people have a rooted poverty on their backs, they live only a little and with little. Local sources report that the average salary is around $ 100 a month. But if for the two warring factions the conflict could continue for a long time, given the chronic situation based on poverty, the nations that are involved are beginning to be affected by the years of conflict.

Saudi Arabia has been involved in support of the Hadi Coalition since March 2015. Given the preparation of the Saudi units and their expensive equipment, the indicators led to assessments of a quick solution to the conflict.

Instead, after more than three years of conflict, Saudi Arabia is found not to have achieved significant results, to have lost a large number of soldiers and means of undermining morale among the troops, to have spent huge capital in resources and equipment and with an internal front hostile to the continuation of the intervention, which points out the responsibilities to the crown.

Moreover, many Saudi cities have been the target of missile attacks by the Houthi that have brought insecurity and fear among the population, feelings unknown in the past. Recently, a BADR 1B ballistic missile, with a range of over 150 kilometers, was launched, an improved version of the previous one with a declared error (CEP) of 3 meters.

So the message is evident, despite the impositions and the blocking of supplies, the Houthi still have a strong offensive capacity towards the Saudi territory.

The United Arab Emirates have also supported the Hadi coalition and in a short time they have achieved the objective of controlling the port of Hodeidah, limiting access to the few ships. But even in this case the relevant expenses of the conflict pushes Dubai for a resolution immediately.

The US, analyzing the situation and the null goals achieved, asked the parties in question to cease hostilities and to begin a path of peaceful resolution. Secretary of State Pompey and Defense Secretary, James Mattis, jointly called the parties to a series of consultations under the leadership of the United Nations in order to reach a final result agreed and exhaustive on both sides.

A difficult path because behind the Houthi there is Iranian support, not declared, which is the pivot in which the goal of the cessation of hostilities rotates.

It is a clash between two parties already in conflict with each other, the US and Saudi Arabia on one side and Iran on the other.

Difficult to sit at a negotiating table when the Arabs and the Persians have a centuries-old conflict, the US has increased the sanctions against Tehran for the nuclear issue, the JCPOA agreement has been abandoned by Washington because considered unfulfilled by the Iranians, so also on the Yemeni camp it is difficult to find compromise solutions.

But Iran also has strong economic problems. The war in Syria has a considerable cost, long years of conflict have dried up the coffers of the state and the new US sanctions are certainly not helping the Iranian economy that is exposed to the hawks of international trade. Terhan too could presumably see the end of hostilities in Yemen, but with acceptable results and favorable compromises in order not to lose the position of dominance in the Arabian peninsula.

So we could continue to witness a game of power on the backs of the Yemeni people.

Griffiths final recommendations were:

Mainly immediate humanitarian aid for the Yemeni people;

The immediate start of consultations for talks on the cessation of hostilities that should be held in Sweden.

It is a great opportunity for the UN to demonstrate its political weight, to start the process demanded by all parties and now finally come to a fundamental point and to stop a useless massacre of people. A difficult challenge that undermines the credibility and a hypothetical future of the organization.

In short, only the will of all the parties involved, both local and international, can initiate a process of stabilization of the Arabian Peninsula, bringing together under the leadership of the UN Security Council a process that will be long and difficult but which could affect the conditions of the Yemeni people. 

 

Progress and Europe

Progress and Europe - ATLANTIS

Progress and Europe

 

Stefania Schipani

 

 

Let us ask ourselves what progress is, of which too little is heard. And let us ask ourselves what is the link between progress and membership of the European Union.

A widespread definition of progress is that which indicates it as "the acquisition by humanity of better and more complex forms of life, as they are associated with the expansion of knowledge, political and civil liberties, economic wellbeing and knowledge techniques. " Treccani Encyclopedia defines progress as "the development towards higher and more complex forms of life, pursued through the advancement of culture, scientific and technological knowledge, social organization, the achievement of political freedoms and economic wellbeing, in order to provide humanity with a general improvement in the standard of living and a greater degree of liberation from discomfort ".

Now let's try to analyze this definition in detail to understand if, through a summary evaluation, a populist political propensity is or is not a proponent of the idea of ​​progress.

We can already stop on the first sentence: "The acquisition by humanity of better and more complex life forms" observing that populism necessarily tends to a simplification of responses, rather it provides, or rather claims to provide, simple answers to questions complex. Here is the first trick because questions characterized by multiple factors and interrelations can not be solved except through equally elaborate answers.

In 1944 Luigi Einaudi wrote in his "Lessons of Social Economy": "In economic and social things, the straight path, with very few exceptions, is the false way. Only the crooked path, along which men fall, retrace their steps, experience, fail and retry and sometimes succeed, is the safe and, in fact, the quickest way. Always remember, when you listen to someone who will promise, with certain confidence, the certain solution of a social problem, which will offer you the specific for social diseases, which will show you, beyond a temporary period of necessary constraints to win the enemy, the advent of wealth and abundance, will denounce you a monster to fight (eg capitalism or communism or fascism or reactionaryism, etc. etc.) in order to make the angel triumph and the earthly paradise (eg communism itself or socialism or corporatism), remember that the one who speaks to you in this way is, in the best hypothesis, an illusion and more likely a charlatan and diffidatene. Only the long way, sown of triboli is the good one”.

As we know, anti-European populism attacks Europe by pretending to be able to give better solutions than the complexity proposed by the mechanisms of the European Union, which, however, throughout its construction process poses complex objectives such as peace, freedom, security, justice, development sustainable, full employment, cultural diversity, etc. and all this is pursued through the instrument of social progress and scientific and technological progress that become the keys to open the door to development. We can say that outside of progress the realization of democratic ideals can not exist and can not be implemented.

Broad-based progress is the cornerstone for the development of democracy and peaceful and harmonized relations between Member States. But the thrust that the European Union can provide as a supranational entity is far stronger and more powerful than what a single state, even the most efficient and evolved, can ever manage to achieve.

When sovereignisms and populisms refuse openness and cooperation, they reject the very possibility of progress and reject the capacity and potential that the EU can guarantee and pursue over time. Are we sure we want to give up the possibility of progress for future generations? If it is not so, we are careful not to give in to the temptations of trivialization that would take us back in history while the rest of the world runs and goes on without stopping. 

 

A journey through time

A journey through time - ATLANTIS

A journey through time

The images of a city that grew giddy followed out the window; It seemed almost impossible to be in Albania, in Tirana, in a taxi with a driver who could speak Italian very well and told of his adventures of trucker that took place years earlier between Puglia and Lombardy, describing the Italy back then that was changing skin thanks to the economic boom. Was also about the many humiliations suffered because Albanian, then considered a thief and a thug. Today I, italian woman, am here together with a team of professionals, traveling from Tirana to a city unknown to us, to meet with the Administration in order to install a collaborative relationship to develop industrial, commercial and service activities, asked for from Italian entrepreneurs. Today Albania is a popular destination for many businesses worldwide, also that this occasion in this country are through spinoff to revive in some cases their mother companies competitive and innovative thanks to the resources saved through the reduced cost of labor and tax burden, allowing to marginalize earnings to be allocated to research and development as well as profit. Plant a new seed that produces energy for himself and the plant remained in Italy. A journey that changed me a lot, a Country which is just an hour and a half by plane from Venice, which allowed me to experience strong emotions. Is about two years I live outside of the walls of industrial warehouse, where I lived most of my working life, and I’m working with a group that engages in the development, design and European policies supporting companies and public administrations and everything looks new, great and wonderful. Rome, Milan, Brussels, Florence, Italy and Albania.  And just in this last one I lived a blast from the past in the tales of my mom when she tried to make me realize the value of one piece of fabric bought to make a coat. A piece of fabric cost whole days chasing turkeys escaped from the fields and from the banks to go eat the grapes in the vineyards of the neighbours. Save the eggs of duck from bloodthirsty rabbits, weasels market sell after forty kilometers by bike to go and forty to return in summer and winter. Stories heard and lived in the black and white movies of our after war years, but there, through the windows of the cab I was seeing really because only a few kilometres from the hectic city of Tirana time stood still. People who inhabit the hills live in houses that seem to be bombed. Along the roads there lighting though ... you can find donkeys tied to the highways’ guardarail. A paradox: big and luxury cars running along the bumpy, narrow streets stopping at one centimeter by pastor doing cross his little flock. Horse-drawn carts piled high with curved canes blanked scooters driven by men from the face flushed from exertion and, behind, a woman trying to hold in balance the load by pushing at the same time. Next to her, as the chicks next to mother hen, her children that help as they can. No waste, no rain, no asphalt evening illumination. Time passes slowly for infrastructure, a breeze in people's faces. 

For the first time I saw the minarets, for the first time I heard the call to prayer of Imam and I was afraid. The metallic voice output from the speakers made me caught off guard, I was within a walled courtyard with children and a group of volunteers together to Sister Agnes in charge of. The courtyard of the Catholic Church adjoined the mosque coexisted without even noticing religious differences with each other; what they had in the heart was personal, and yet I was afraid. The tranquility of Sister Agnes, Imam's voice, the minarets and churches, donkeys along the streets, the last model Mercedes, their faces marked by deep lines, older women dressed like my great-grandmother, young women looking for a stereotype that take them far away from their reality and approach the Europe we yearn, starting with the clothing and the pursuit of fashion that wears all that change. I felt offense for them, listening to colorful comments from Italian men, I was ashamed at times I complained about how sometimes difficult life in Italy realising that sufficient very little because our Nation can make that leap that deserves. Before leaving I had read so much about traditions, culture, economic status of Albania, but I hadn't quite understood what was my role in this adventure. Today, when I explain the business opportunities that really there are for Italian companies in Albania, I feel obliged to defend this people that can give in terms of manpower, economic growth and new markets for investors foreigners generally, defend because we cannot and must not "raiding" their riches that are young people using them without training them. Teach a job with professionalism, build networks of culture and education to everyone and accessible even for those generations that unfortunately were born in difficult and hard to reach areas like the inside of Albania from which, if equipped with means, they won't get away but they will try to grow. Disseminate in new generations respect, gender equality, the nationals that grow within a community wide where there are very specific and essential rules that impose no, never to forget who we are and where we come from. This is also true for Italians who arrived in Albania and are still well preserved in the main squares, buildings constructed in times not too far away and they remind everyone, our presence in those places. The Italy today can choose to eat only fresh lymph of Albania or of any other State deems not up with the times or cultivate land prosperous together to ensure both a long life of collaboration and human and economical enrichment.

 

European Union and utopia overrun

European Union and utopia overrun - ATLANTIS

European Union and utopia overrun

 

Riccardo Palmerini

 

 

European Union is increasingly at the heart of political debates of governments and citizens. The most paradoxical thing is that, from wherever you speak, it is seen with great fear. Concerning countries outside the EU, the fear is that if (IF) it becomes a Real Union as a federal one, it would be the world’s leading political entity; in terms of the members Countries, perception is about a subject which is severely restricting national sovereignty. In fact, there is a union that remains in the middle of a river’s fade.

I start from these considerations to treat a subject particularly close to me, the Index of Wellbeing - a complex method to measure country’s growth by weighting the effects that the alleged development has on the population. The WI index does not contrast but integrate the well - known GDP Index (Gross Domestic Product).

Wellbeing: good Health, physical vigour; also, pleasant feeling of satisfaction, psychophysical fulfilment: A massage which gives an immediate sense of well - being but also: florida’s economic condition; agastness: living in well - being. It is a word composed of good and being (source: Garzanti Linguistica).

In the daily dialogues it succeeds everyone quite easy to identify in the wellbeing a primary goal; We talk about physical wellbeing (staying healthy and in shape), of economic wellbeing (having sufficient means to satisfy not only the primary needs but also their own desires), of social well-being (a little less, people talk about it, but it identifies a social balance devoid of conflictuality and derives from the previous two); There is much less talk of cultural well-being (you know, the satiating mind comes decidedly after the satiating the stomach and the wallet, in the dreams of the most of people). The well-being of the Earth, understood as a place of human life, is itself the theme of daily dialogues and considerations, linked to the health of natural and environmental contexts.

People talk about it but … succeeds difficult in finding concrete actions aimed at defining a context, although located, by placing the complex set of elements which are going to compose the welfare at the centre of political and economic actions.

The theme is based on Gross National Happiness; some countries, including the case of Buthan (Gross National Happiness index in Buthan), have launched indices of assessing the population’s  and citizens happiness. It is precisely that happiness is something else compared to well - being; subjective by definition, its meaning is: State of people who are happy, who believes that they fulfil all their desire; Joy, satisfaction complete. It derives from the lat. felicitāte (m), deriv. di fēlix -īcis ‘happy’ (source Garzanti Linguistica).

Researchers of all the world that have been mentioning themselves with the identification of this new method of measuring the growth of civilisation, are therefore left to establish that being well is a basic and diffuse basic parameter, compared with being happy.

Evidently, even in the concept of “being good” there are subjective margins quite broad. There is no talk here of restricted environment or specific functions (being well in hot, rather than cold; eating in abundance rather than being light at table). We talk about defining a series of thresholds under which any individual in the world will tend to not live in a wellness situation.

The most structured work in this direction, have to been recognised to Australia (which has done an eggy preparatory work but has not succeeded, at the country level, to determine the application of the’progress), to Canada (with Canadian index of wellbeing is certainly the most evolved country in this regard) and the European Union which, by adopting, at the European Commission, the report known as ’Report Stiglitz, Sen, Fitoussi’, initially promoted by the then French president Sarkozy, has developed a firm and workable study.

Canada has succeeded in opening the programme and today there is a website which publishes, periodically, the data on the programme’s progress (https://uwaterloo.ca/canadian-index-wellbeing/), that is composed of eight “domains“ of well - being.

The report adopted by the European Commission (https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/documents/118025/118123/Fitoussi+Commission+report) has taken on the role of «The European Commission’s report on economic Performance and social progress measures.” The resultant is a set of 12 recommendations covering both material and non-material well-being. It is urged to put to factors such as consumption, instead of production, to revise the usual indices of wealth and to have as a reference the household. The quality of the goods becomes a substantial element of wellbeing, the inequalities are highlighted as elements to be opposed and reduced and it is urged not to consider the average size but rather the median ones. It is supported as well - being dependent on activities which do not originate market exchanges; it supports such as the services of a Country may be measured in the impact of individuals’ wellbeing and not on the cost (as is the case for gdp measurement). The free time and its use (opportunity) becomes one of the elements to be measured to achieve a positive index, as well as social relations, security (in contrast to the vulnerability of the people). The whole is going to direct reference to the environment and to opportunities.

These are seemingly logical and not particularly difficult to define goals, in the abstract sense. Supporting how any action would generate widespread wealth, affirming that the common direction of subjective and Community Initiatives (local communities) must be a better quality of life, certainly finds a large majority of supporters. To derive from this, which is better living, spending better and for quality proposals, consuming services and places for free time (and not “burning” for merely productive purposes) is also highly propelled for the economy, it is logical.

Yet, yet when it comes to concrete insertion of the welfare logic in the measurement parameters of the European Union’s strategic and primary actions (take for example social inclusion, cohesion, protection of the environment and natural resources, culture and the level of education that is widespread), the process is freezing and the theme proposed by the Report returns quickly in a drawer. The justification is in the difficulty of finding shared points, because the countries that are part of European Union are different among them, they live different socio - economic realities, leaving for historical - political paths sometimes diametrically opposed.

Yet we have no difficulty in measuring economic indices, forgetting, in fact, as these do not represent (or, at least, no longer represent) the quality of life and, probably, not even the economy’s one.

Italy has taken a first step, by varying the BES (equo sustainable wellbeing), comprising 12 indices: Health, education and training, work and conciliation of life - time, economic well - being, social relations, policy and institutions, security, subjective wealth, landscape and cultural heritage, environment, research and innovation and the quality of services. The distance between the programme and implementation is still clear.

The European Union must change, in part, its paradigm; It must regain the energy and the strength to define minimum parameters also for the index of gross internal wellbeing. This, almost certainly, will lead every single Member State to find large sections of its population below the defined thresholds. But, as one has the courage to fight for the spread and the debt ratio GDP, cutting, in the evaluation in progress, the total capacity of the citizen (theme of the patrimoniality of the State, with or without the patrimony of the person who generates it, the citizen), it is necessary to fight to define minimum welfare indices for all.

Then we will not speak of a Europe of nations, but we will return to the citizens’ Europe and, perhaps, once and for all, a united Europe, place nowhere of wellbeing for all. 

 

Rights and Art in the World

Rights and Art in the World - ATLANTIS

Rights and Art in the World

 

the Roma FUTUROMA Art Exhibition, candidate for the 58th International Art Exhibition of the Biennale of Venice for 2019.

 

 

The European Institute for the Arts and Culture of Roma (ERIAC), the first transnational institution of the largest minority in Europe, organized a public discussion in Venice at the Italian headquarters of the Council of Europe on the challenges to which they are called to address the present and future Roma generations in Europe.

The Berlin-based Institute aims to combat negative prejudices against the Roma population through art, culture, history and the media and to make the contribution of Roma to the European culture appreciated and recognized. The Institute is a joint initiative of the Council of Europe, the Open Society Foundations and the Alliance of the Roma Leaders and enjoys the support of the German Foreign Ministry.

The event was attended by the Director of the Venice Office Luisella Pavan-Woolfe, the Executive Director of ERIAC Tímea Junghaus, the President of the Alliance for ERIAC Dijiana Pavlovic, the artist Rom Santino Spinelli, the curator and critic of art Giorgio Grasso and the representation of the Italian National Anti-Discrimination Office.

Tímea Junghaus announced on this occasion the curator selected to propose for ERIAC a collateral event at the 58th Venice Biennale. This is Daniel Backer, an established artist, curator and theoretician of Romanì aesthetics.

The curator’s paper, entitled FUTUROMA, has been submitted to the evaluation of the artistic director of the Biennale and is currently awaiting the results of the selection. FUTUROMA is based on aspects of African tourism to explore the role of contemporary Rom art in defining, reflecting and influencing Roma culture.

During the debate it emerged that it is desirable for Roma art to be represented in the most important European cultural and artistic institutions as a vehicle for knowledge and a useful tool to fight prejudices and stereotypes about this minority. In the context of the Venice Biennale - a Romani exhibition therefore has the potential to be recognized as a space for intuition, new ideas, discourses and trends in contemporary European art.

Daniel Baker is a Rom born in Kent, United Kingdom in 1961.

He holds a Ph.D. on the subject of Romanì aesthetics at the Royal College of Art in London. He was a counselor in the two previous Roma presences at the 52nd and 54th Venice Art Biennale entitled Paradise Lost (Lost Paradise) and Call the Witness (Call the witness).

Tímea Junghaus, art historian and curator of contemporary art has been responsible as curator of the Paradise Lost art show. 

 

 

DISPATRIATI AWARD BY FILITALIA - MAZZANTI

DISPATRIATI AWARD BY FILITALIA - MAZZANTI - ATLANTIS

THIRD EDITION OF THE PREMIUM DIPATRIATI TO THE DOCTORESSA VENEZIANA FRANCESCA BENVEGNU’ WITH THE HISTORY OF BEPI-JOE, ESULE ISTRIANO

Great public participation in the evening of the proclamation of the DISPATRIATI emigration literary prize, realized in collaboration with the Italo-American Foundation Filitalia International in San Michele al Tagliamento - Bibione

The third edition, the Literary Prize Dispatriati, which this year stopped in San Michele al Tagliamento (Venice) on Wednesday, September 26, 2018, saw the winner of the Venetian doctor Francesca Benvegnù with L'arca di Bepi-Joe deals with the true story of an Istrian exile born in 1940 in Draguccio, in the county of Pazin, and emigrated alone to Australia in 1958, to "escape" from Tito's Yugoslavia. The themes contained reflect many aspects of his experience but also of the human soul, in general, and related to that historical juncture: the story of Julian-Dalmatian and Istrian post-war World War II. Evening conducted by the chairmen of the Filitalia chapters of Venice, Carlo Mazzanti and of Rome, Stefania Schipani.

"The story runs from the birth of Bepi-Joe up to its family stabilization in that of Melbourne in Australia, and ends with the return to the" native place ", after the fall of the Yugoslav socialist regime (FNR), tracing the singular route of an Italian from Istria, who chose very young to leave. For the best understanding of the youngest - the book was written especially for them underlines the author Francesca Benvegnù - I have included short historical notes and vocabulary, as the context is fundamental for a complete reading of the character and the collective story of those Italians ". And again: "I have documented in four years of readings and frequentings in places, and among the Giuliani of the exodus, still in significant numbers in the Veneto, Friuli Venezia Giulia and in various parts of Italy, according to the map of a true diaspora , which has dispersed them on all continents. In the end we decided to place an appendix that shows some pages of the diary of our itineraries back in the history of the exodus and of Bepi-Joe, to tell the feelings and discoveries, of which we have been witnesses ". also Concetta's work by Concetta Voltolina Kosseim.Intervents of the Authorities among which the Veneto Region Councilor for Culture, Cristiano Corazzari; the Mayor of San Michele al Tagliamento Pasqualino Codognotto; the Councilor for Culture Elena De Bortoli; President Unaie Ilaria Del Bianco and Vice President and former Veneto Councilor Oscar De Bona; the Founder Filitalia International Prof. MD. Pasquale Nestico has connected from Philadelphia to offer her greeting and satisfaction for the success of the event. Renza Bandiera, winner of 2016 with the book Izourt and Roberta Sorgato, winner of 2017 with the book Anima e Dintorni, took part. The journalist Sergio Frigo, President of the Mario Rigoni Award, Stern and Romano Toppan, formerly University Professor of Tourism Economics, Ca 'Foscari University of Venice and University, spoke. The Prize has the patronage of the Veneto Region, the Municipality of San Michele al Tagliamento e dell'Unaie (National Union of Immigrant and Emigrant Associations). The book will be published in the course of 2019 for the types of Mazzanti Libri in Venezia.

31° FILITALIA GALA

31° FILITALIA GALA - ATLANTIS

 

RENEWED SUCESS OF THE ANNUA FILITALIA INTERNATIONAL GALA, CELEBRATING THE ACHIEVEMENT OF 31 YEARS OF ATTIVITY

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America (Sunday, November 11th, 2018) – The Thirty First annual dinner of the Filitalia International (FI) Gala had taken place at Celebrations Banquet hall, in Bensalem, PA from 4:30pm to 10:30pm on Sunday November 11th, 2018.

The Master of Ceremony of the Gala evening was Marco Circelli, the Executive Director of FI, which had remember to tell those present that the organization celebrates 30 years of the founding of the Foundation, under the continuous guide of the President Emeritus and Founder, Pasquale Nestico.

Paula DeSantics-Bonavitacola, prima Vice Presidente di FI, ha ringraziato tutti i partecipanti e volontari che hanno contribuito a realizzare una serata indimenticabile per numero di ospiti intervenuti (oltre 260) e il contributo di numerosi sponsors.

Paula DeSantics-Bonavitacola, first Vice President of FI had thanked all the participants and volunteers that have contributed to the realization and achievement of the unforgettable night for the number of guests (over 260) and the contribution of numerous sponsors.

The Console General of Italy, Dr. Pier Attinio Forlano had sent a message in which he recognizes the historical and consolidated role of FI in the Consul’s district of Philadelphia and applauds to the initiatives and to the conferring awards to distinguished Italian and Italian-American personalities who live and work in the city of Philadelphia and surrounding locations.

The President of FI Marc Virga spoke recent events that have garnered negativity towards the History of Italian Immigration Museum. He wished that the new generations of Italian Americans will always be involved in activities to defend Italian culture, tradition and language in the United States of America. The objective of FI is to continue to grow thanks to the help of sponsors and donors who believe in the associative mission and want to contribute to the maintenance of identity roots, both in the Greater Philadelphia area and throughout the world.

The following awards were presented to important exponents of the Italian-American community in the Greater Philadelphia area.

The first award, the "Citizenship Award" was awarded to Dr. Prof. Antonio Giordano, Founder and President of "Sbarro Health Research Organization" at the Temple University of Philadelphia, who reminded all the guests that the priority objective for the Italian- American community is to invest in the education sector at all levels and in all fields, such as scientific and technological subjects.

The second award, the Leadership & Educational Award” was given to Dr. Lou DeAngelo, Superintendent of the Catholic Schools in the Archdiocese of Wilmington Delaware. Thank

to the personal story of Dr. DeAngelo. The Dr. had explained how the values inherited from his family of Italian origin; grandmother was originally of Cosenza Calabria, had influenced greatly his life and delineated his professional success as an educator and inspiration of the teachers close to him.

The third award, Humanitarian Award” was given to Leonard “Lee” Norelli, national president of UNICO, a philanthropic organization that assists citizens that need help in the all United States of America. Norelli had recognized the public importance of Filitalia International and had specified how important it is for these associations to defend and continue to defend Italian culture and identity among various sections of the population.

The Past Previous President Rosetta Miriello had spoken of the of the passing of Filitalia and listed all the goals achieved by FI during the 30 years of activity, through the creation of the chapters, both domestic and foreign, the institution of the History of Italian Immigration Museum and the recent appointment of Ente Gestore from the Consul General of Italy in Philadelphia. Miriello has endlessly publically recognized Dr. Nestico for his continuous support and inspiration towards FI, which has been able to grow thanks to its perpetual operations.

The Founder and President Emeritus, Dr. Pasquale Nestico wanted to remind the importance of the social and cultural scope of FI, and has reminded the present guests how important it is to preserve the Italian identity, also through donations to the Capital Campaign (fundraising) for the expansion of the FI Museum.

Our annual Gala continues and makes an unforgettable and unmissable appointment in our Italian-American community in the Greater Philadelphia area - said Dr. Pasquale Nestico, founder and president emeritus of FI - and we are proud to have created a solid and perpetual tradition in these 31 years of life, with the objective of preserving and cultivating our roots, our traditions, and our culture together with all fellow countrymen and sympathizers ".

 

UNVS MEETING 2018: You need to lose

UNVS MEETING 2018: You need to lose - ATLANTIS

You need to lose ethics and respect the rules

 

Alberto Scotti

 These are meaningful concepts that unfortunately often refer to habitual behaviors of the past, which, moreover, are not exempt from deviances that have at the time caused considerable heels. It is therefore not the case to evoke the classic (sometimes overly repetitive) called “in our time”, but certainly we can not be exempted from considering that we are too frequently exceeding that moral limit beyond which the absolute value of sport vanishes. its fundamental principles. Once the logic of behavioral deviance with respect to them is considered “normal”, it becomes very difficult to educate the younger generations, recovering them to a respect for sports ethics and rules, bearing in mind that the social context that underlies them expresses a “language” where the same negative concepts prevail. The affirmation therefore becomes functional to the achievement of an economic profit and image, much more important than the playful enjoyment and the intimate pleasure of legitimate success in the field, to be achieved in a context of competitive content contained in the respect of the opponent (not of the enemy) with which one measures and confronts one another. The defeat is instead dramatized and falls on actors and spectators with discomforting effects: loss of prestige (and compensation) for companies and athletes, exonerations of coaches (which we will inevitably see again on the scene with different “appearance”), inconsiderate reactions of the so-called fans (and here there would be so much to say ... ..) with not indifferent repercussions on the social context.

Difficult really to educate to “know how to lose” when managers and sports commentators constantly praise the victory at any price (it matters little the show and the way to achieve it) and recall embarrassing concepts such as “the need for greater malice” in the field. Would it not be more appropriate for them to refer to a greater (and healthy) “competitive spirit”? And what to say then if on the side of the sport event illegal agreements take place and you bet on everything, however, with the approval of those who administer the country, or we resort to doping to emerge and succeed? Without forgetting the negative emulation effect produced by provocative and violent attitudes or by frequent simulations staged to “deliberately” mislead those who have the task of enforcing the rules.

And just as regards the respect for the rules, which is indispensable in sport, one should be able to start again by reintegrating it with greater rigor already in school, in the family, in civil society and in political life. On a daily basis we witness the circumvention of the law with lax and permissive attitudes in every area in order to obtain assent and not force people to deal with the rules themselves.

In conclusion one would think that the space to maneuver to recover ethical sense and acceptance of the rules (if they are not shared change them, if possible in accordance with the values ​​of our social system, but then respect them!) Is very narrow but this should not lead us to fatalism, hoping for the rebirth of values ​​in the youngest, those who have lost the ethical-social references but who are probably already feeling that they need it so much. And we “veterans” of sport with the strength of the experience gained try to help them sensitizing them and accompanying them towards the identification of a new pact of civil coexistence that allows them to grow in harmony with the reality (today often perverse) that surrounds them and includes them. and that the capital with the capital S is realized in the field of sport. 

 

UNVS MEETING 2018: Beauty and virtue

UNVS MEETING 2018: Beauty and virtue - ATLANTIS

Beauty and virtue or sport a social virtue?

 

Romano Toppan

 

 

The myth of beauty and virtue

The Greek civilization, from which originates one of the essential sources of our own European civilization, had at the center of its value system the beauty and virtue with the famous saying with which children and young Greeks were educated: καλóς και αγατθóς, that with the concept of "beautiful" and "good" codified the pedagogical program of the Greek people in a very concise and very effective way.

The reference to the Greek civilization, when it comes to sports, games, athletics, is a must: they have introduced games and sports in all their variety. Even today, when every four years we celebrate the Olympics in the world, we do nothing but remember the Olympic games of ancient Greece, with all their cultural, social and educational significance.

Sport activity was compared, in the social sphere, to the religious and cultural one. The athletes were considered "hierophants" (ἱεροφάντης), ie those who celebrate a rite, practicing, to the best of their physical and technical abilities, the exercise of the virtues typical of the Hellenic race and a special relationship with the gods, with the sacred.

In addition to the sporting test, they were required to test themselves in cultural skills tests, such as the writing of poems. This meant for each of the participants to demonstrate that they possessed skills that went well beyond the exquisitely sporty or competitive event and that gave the athlete a sense of uniqueness and versatility. Hence the "sports theology" is integrated with a "cultural anthropology" that determines a symbolic world, in which the athlete expresses at the highest level the human "potentialities", not only on the physical and tangible plane, but also on the plane. of "knowledge", of knowledge, of excellence, with a constant commitment, putting all the energy and intuition of which one is endowed.

It is in this transition from the tangible to the intangible that we find the meaning of the Latin saying "mens sana in corpore sano": sport and Olympic games were not only exercised by people who could exhibit physical strength, muscles and workouts under stress, but also from people of high and refined culture. The spearheads of the Olympic games were also philosophers, mathematicians, musicians. The most striking example is Plato, one of the greatest and most influential philosophers and men of culture of humanity: his name means "from the broad shoulders", because he was endowed with a physical prowess to allow him to successfully participate in the games of Delphi and Corinth where he was a champion in boxing and at the same time one of the greatest philosophers.

As for the profound relationship between beauty and virtue, which apparently, according to our current morality do not have an explicitly recognizable affinity, we need to make an etymological reference that helps us to understand that this affinity, in Greek culture, was very "radical" "(In the sense of root-words or key-words): through codes of interpretation of language that often superficially we are not able to understand today, all Indo-European languages have in common the etymological root Sanskrit ăr_ from which all the words come they mean "beauty", a work that transforms something raw and shapeless into something not only useful, but above all into something beautiful:

Greek: αρóω, which leads to the act of "plowing" the earth, transforming it into productive fields, to create wealth, fertility, aesthetics of the landscape (just think of the beauty of wheat fields, the expanses of meadows, vineyards and gardens and so on)

Latin and neo-Latin languages: arare, with the same meaning of αρóω, but with a proliferation of other terms, all debtors of this same Sanskrit root "ăr", which are ars, artifex, and the current art, artistic, artisan, artist, etc .: the capable man (how!) to create beauty and ingenuity.

Gothic and Germanic languages: ar-beit (work) and ar-m (arm), that is the act and the tool of transforming matter (iron, clay, wood ...), and then: Norwegian "ar-beider ", Swedish" ar-betar ", Danish" ar-bejder ",

Slavic and Slavic languages: Russian, Bulgarian and Macedonian: работа (work), in which the "a" is left out, but the common root is witnessed by the presence of the "r", as in the Croatian "rad".

And it is sufficient to observe the architecture of the Greek temples and the numerous statues (of Mirone, of Fidia, of Policleto and of many others), both in marble and in bronze, to observe what progress the "beauty" has accomplished with the Greek art . And considering our theme, it is palpable evidence that the canon of beauty, especially of the body, was most often linked to some athlete, like the discoon of Mirone, in addition of course to the gods.

But (and here is the surprise) the link of the etymological root "Çr" does not end with the work (of work or art) but also with virtue: in Greek, virtue also has the same root that forms the word αρ-ετή (ar-eté).

 

Sport and democracy

Another original concept of Greek culture is the link between sport, games and democracy. This deep bond is less perceptible than that which exists between beauty and virtue, but it is no less present and important in civil culture and in the formation of the social capital of ancient Greek civilization, because it is in the Greeks that first appears in the history of the world. the political form of democracy, even of the same politics (even this term generated by the Greeks through the word πόλις and intended as a government of the city or state, which in ancient Greece coincided with the city-states).

Those who, in ancient times, had paved the way for a process of Greek civilization towards a democratic social and political form, in other words an "open" society, just to quote Karl Popper, was the father of Greek culture ( and one of the founding fathers of European culture and civilization): Homer. This genius, in my opinion, has not yet been fully understood in the innovative scope of his literary work, which includes two poems: the Iliad and the Odyssey.

With the Iliad Homer presents a powerful metaphorical narration of the culture of hostility, with all its fatal and cruel effects: without too many implications, Homer seems to give us a fresco of the Greeks aggressive and very negative cruel, not only in tracing the profile the most of the negative or tragicomic times of the so-called Achaean heroes, even in the hero par excellence, Achilles, but also in the clear empathy that is captured in his work with the other hero, Ettore, described in a context of generosity, courage, dedication and even love (with Andromache and his little son Astianatte), which we do not find in any of the Greek heroes. On the contrary, Homer, inventing point blank (and apparently in a casual and even artificial way) the character of Tersite, which represents, for its ugliness and its cowardice, the model of the anti-hero, the opposite of the model of the classic hero, handsome and strong, he prepares his narration towards an outcome completely opposite to that of the Iliad.

A critic attentive to the needs of the humble, as Concetto Marchesi, in the modern era provided a different reading of the figure of Tersite, as a claimant of the rights of the mass of soldiers who saw the war conducted only in the interests of the aristocrats. In his wake many thinkers have written in defense of Tersite. Homer, in other words, introduces (a bit 'stealthily) into the Iliad the virus of its denial and of the urgency of its overcoming.

 

Culture of hostility 

and culture of hospitality

 

In fact, with the second book, the Odyssey, Homer marks a very clear passage from the culture of hostility to the culture of hospitality.

In other words, the message of Homer seems to turn to the "Achaeans" (to the Greeks) and also to us, always, that the dawn of civilization would have occurred only if they had definitively closed with the book of hostility, genocide, rape, cruelty, armed by the Iliad and its tragic epilogue, to open another way of life, from the Odyssey, a book of the culture of the journey, of the encounter with the "others", of the knowledge of others and their cultures.

Emblematic and rich in suggestion is, in particular, the episode of the encounter-clash between Odysseus and Polyphemus: Odysseus pierces the unique eye of this cruel giant, anthropophagous and drunkard, a true symbolic incarnation of all the tyrants of all time and of all the other "nobody".

Homer, in defining Odysseus, calls him, already in the first verse of his poem, "πολυτροπος": this term is translated, usually, with the term "multiforme", or "ingenious", actually literally means "one who has traveled a lot ", The man of great and different movements, movements, paths. The concept of linguistic "coincidence" between the intensity of the journey and the intensity of one's own experience, wisdom, creativity and discovery returns with extreme clarity.

And it is in virtue, in fact, of multiple experience of the journey, which odysseus also becomes an expert, wise, multifaceted man. At the same time, however, in the first verse of the sixth canto, Homer also discovered Ļολυτλας, or the man who suffered greatly, who endured labors, risks and labor (travel).

"The loss perceived by the trip can become a moral and psychological gain" emphasizes Eric Leed. And rightly draws attention to the "purity of the road" of Kerouac.

A curious note, which seems of minor importance, but which I find fundamental in understanding the transition to the culture of hospitality is the character of Nausicaa, the young princess of the Phaeacians, who meets Odysseus in a "sporty" context, while, at the beach, he plays a beach volley with his maids. It is a beautiful ball, thrown out of the playing field, a soul discovers Odysseus' naked body on the beach: it is thus during a game that Homer opens beautifully the project of a culture of hospitality, because Nausicaa becomes the first prototype of "host" of the host.

It is interesting to verify how Nausicaa expresses its welcome:

"Forestiero, you do not look like a vulgar and foolish man, and it is Zeus Olimpo who distributes happiness to men, to the good and the wicked, as he wishes, to each of you. But now, because you have come to the city and our land, you will not lack clothes or anything else, just as it is right to receive a suppliant tried by misfortune, which presents itself .I will show you the city, I will tell you the name of the people in the country.The Phaeacians, know it, inhabit the city and the earth, and I am the daughter of the magnanimous Alcinous, and it depends on the strength and power of the Phaeacians. "It is a wonderful page of our culture, which urges us to be faithful to this cultural root of our civilization and our democracy.

The proposal of Homer is grasped and received by the Greeks, who undertook this new civilization of dialogue, freedom and creativity whose profile was traced through the odysseum and the Greeks later implemented with embryonic forms of equality and democracy against the internal tyranny and the prepa- rations of the external absolute sovereigns, such as the Persian invading empire.

And in this regard, famous is a story by Herodotus about two Greeks, Spertia and Buli, (Sparta) who volunteered to challenge a Serse satisfaction, with their lives, for the heralds of Darius killed in Sparta. And so Sparta sent the two to Persia, going to a certain death. On their way to Susa at the Idarne encampment, commander general of the coastal troops of the Persian empire.

He offered the two Spartans a hospitable feast and asked them: "Spartans, why do you withdraw from friendship with the king? If you look at me and my condition, you can see how the king knows how to honor the valiant. you would become governor of a piece of Greece, by designation of the king ". 

 

Sexuality and sport

Another theme linked to Greek culture is the link between sex and sport, through reflection

which comes spontaneously as soon as one observes an apparently banal and obvious fact like the total nakedness of the athletes, who has come to us through hundreds of sculptures and paintings on vases and frescoes.

That sexuality was very free and conceived as a marvelous gift from the gods, it has always been known. But it is my intention to draw a careful look at one point: first, nudity is an integral part, in an etymological and linguistic way, to sports and games, because all the words that define it, such as gymnastics, gymnastics, and even gymnasium , all derive from the Greek word γυμνός which means "naked".

Secondly, the meaning of nudity: that nudity was not interpreted as a disturbing element or an erotic moment, is evidenced by the fact that all the statues and representations of naked athletes have their genitals openly exposed, but as subjects to a peace of senses: the fact that the genitals, above all male, are very small and completely homogeneous, gave nudity a meaning of equality, as if all athletes started (rightly) from an equal starting point, without advantages even from the point of view of the measures of the genitals, and therefore in a pure competitive context, not equivocated by elements of comparison not related to athletic performance and nothing more than this.

Thirdly, being naked also had a meaning of "purity" and honesty: that is, playing and competing without tricks, without distinction of clothes, accessories and other signs of class distinction. The fact that athletes today and especially players (football in particular) wearing sweaters marked by brands, or signature shoes and other signs of social prestige, certainly represents a regression to the absolute transparency and tangible equality of athletes and of Greek sportsmen (without counting many other current forms of sport corruption such as clandestine bets with piloted results, the use of prohibited chemicals to have subtle advantages over competitors and other forms of competition manipulation).

Finally, the term gymnasium (from the Greek gymnasion, in turn from gymnos, "naked"), which originally indicated the place of intellectual, sensual, moral and physical formation of young people as future soldiers and (in democracies) future citizens, is another testimony of the practice of athletic nudity as a sign of equality and equal opportunity, without class difference, almost an archaic (or archetypal) reference to the fact that we all are born "naked" and "equal". 

 

UNVS MEETING 2018: Press Releases

UNVS MEETING 2018: Press Releases - ATLANTIS

Press Release 1 

 

Approaching young high school students from Veneto to the journalistic profession, through the management of the press office of the “Sport & Culture” conference, organized by the National Union of Veterans of Sport section of Venice and Delegation of Veneto, which took place in Monastier di Treviso, Monday, October 15, 2018, touching many important issues related to youth sports, was the unprecedented aim pursued within the same. The collaboration, in fact, between school, journalistic world, business and sport that was sanctioned by the patronage of the Veneto Region, the Veneto Committee of CONI and the Order of Journalists of the Veneto, offered the possibility to the fifth classes of the scientific high schools at the sports address Da Vinci of Treviso and Brandolini Rota of Oderzo, assisted from the technical point of view by the colleagues of the Istituto Scarpa of San Donà di Piave (Venice) to live “in the field”, the experience of press officers of the event.

The meeting, entitled “Sport e Giovani”, the second edition of the annual Sport & Culture event (last year it was Sport and Geopolitics) welcomed several moments of confrontation between sportsmen, women and men of regional institutions , national and European, presenting a parterre de rois of the highest level. Opened not only to the academic world, but also to the business and professional world, the conference was followed by an attentive and numerous public, largely made up, of the same school groups who came to complete (while a small number of them managed the office printing).

The “Ercole Olgeni” Prize has been awarded to the Venice entrepreneur / mayor, Luigi Brugnaro, for relaunching sport in the lagoon city and beyond. Another “Giorgio Mazzanti” award to Ferruccio Gard, RAI’s historic television journalist. A special mention to the young hockey goalie in wheelchair Simone Rondato to the two young players Fabio Caramel and Marco Giacomini who have renounced important games to donate their bone marrow. Living testimony of that correctness and moral correctness prescribed by the Veneto Ethical Charter, code of ethics for young athletes, presented by the Councilor for Sports of the Veneto Region, Avv. Cristiano Corazzari.

 

Fifth I of the Scientific High School

Leonardo Da Vinci Treviso

 

Press Release 2 

 

In Veneto there are 457,665 registered sportspeople, 5,636 active sports clubs and 90,129 sports operators.

In our region, the most practiced sport - in line with almost all the others - is football, followed by volleyball, basketball, fishing and tennis. However, if you consider sport clubs, cycling is the second place. Lombardy is the region with the highest absolute number of both athletes and companies, while the number of athletes in Veneto is in second place and third in number of sports clubs.

Over four and a half million registered athletes, more than one million sports operators and nearly sixty-five thousand sports clubs, these are the numbers of Italian sport. Furthermore, for CONI, there are 45 national sports federations, 19 associated disciplines, 15 sports promotion bodies, 21 regional committees and 107 provincial ones and 19 recognized meritorious associations. Regarding the practice of sports, the number of footballers stands out: over a million, about a quarter of the total number of practitioners of all sports. These are the numbers of the members.

As for sports, seventeen million and seven hundred thousand Italians claim to play sports while the sedentary are about two and a half million. Three out of four children play sports if their parents are athletes. In Veneto, practitioners are 37.7% of whom 26.7% on an ongoing basis and 11% sporadic. 24.8% of the Veneto do not practice any activity. For the record, at the head of the virtual ranking of the most sporting Italians, the inhabitants of Bolzano are located. Males and females: 10.4 million male practitioners versus 7.3 of females. Among graduates the rate of sports practice is 44.6% compared to 54% for those with a middle school degree. Even the family context counts: 79.1% is the fourth of young people who play sports in families where both parents are sports while 42.2% is the rate of sports practice among boys who do not even have a sports parent and 31.8% is the percentage of young sedentary in families where none of the parents practice sport.

These are the data that emerged during the conference, entitled “Sport and Youth”, the second edition of the annual Sport & Culture event, organized by the National Union of Veterans of the Sport section of Venice and the Delegation of the Veneto, which took place today at Monastier of Treviso in the Antonio Calvani room of Villa delle Magnolie.

Istat-Coni data 2015

 

Third, Fourth and Fifth

Scientific high school at sports address 

Brandolini Oderzo

 

Press Release 3 

 

 

sports and youth

 

October 15, 2018 Villa delle Magnolie Monastier

 

summary employees news

 

Marco Giacomini and Fabio Caramel 

Players who gave the bone wedding speak to the students: “it does not harm. we hope in young! the chocolates have also given me!"

 

Daniele Furlan 

Pres. Distributed Melograno Committee. Parolypic activity in Veneto: one of the most virtuous of Italy.

 

Simone Ranzato (13-year-old from Casale sul Sile) 

Italian champion of hockey in wheelchair. 

“Sport helps us to exit”.

 

Giuseppe Ruzza figc

Decreasing soccer companies in Veneto but increase the members.

 

Guido Guidi 

Vice President coni. Motor activities in primary schools: we want expert.

 

Luca Pinzi 

Giocatore and writer. Sports, it is good from the physical point but can make evil if the psychological approach is not that right.

 

Luigi Brugnaro Olgeni Award 2018. 

You believe in sport because young people need a system that functions.

 

Maurizio D’aquino medico. 

sports and health, for young non-agonistic activity physical three times per week.

 

Mauro Pollini Ass.ne coaches. 

It is difficult to understand the young that everyone is useful to others.

Balance and Awareness

By Marco Bovo

 

 

"Thinking about the themes of this congress, reflecting on what children can remain fairly impressed in the mind and that it is a concrete and simple help in life as well as a hypothesis of healthy psychophysical development in sport, I have drawn 4 focal points:

1) BALANCE and HEALTHY MENS IN HEALTHY BODY

2) PASSION as LOVE and not FEAR

3) To know how to tackle and if possible overcome limits such as potentiality through AWARENESS

4) The book helps in this.

Balance is at the base of every human being and every micro and macro system. Balance we find it in every kind of behavior and thought that show a serious job aimed at growth and maturation. In sport, the inner and outer balance lead to harmonize the body and the mind. They bring to listen to recognize the signals that our biomechanical machine constantly sends us with the aim of improving our performance. They bring us closer to both personal and social awareness and to the awareness of our person, our Self. A natural consequence of this is a personal and other respect, an absolute value given to the individual in his uniqueness and ability to build interpersonal relationships, a clear vision of the basic action-consequence relationship in the positive social dynamic. Passion is another fundamental piece, an engine that drives every person and young people who practice sport to live with courage and love, with motivation, accepting the sacrifices that inevitably meet in the journey of life, to give weight and value to the correct experiences. With courage and love, understanding that fear, that is certainly not a primary emotion, but the useless and excessive fear of not being able to live up to the situation is only a destructive and limiting factor that leads to inner weakness and fragility. Fear that takes strange forms such as phobias, obsessions, DOC, depressions. The fear that prevents, in the form of shame, to turn to a specialist able to take charge and lead, lead, to an authentic and complete understanding of themselves. Today more than ever, communication, speech, structured dialogue and aimed at maturity and security are tools and choices of life, almost essential if you are looking for a better quality of life, if you want to LIVE and not survive.

 

Approaching young high school students from Veneto to the journalistic profession, through the management of the press office of the conference “Sport & Culture”, organized by the National Union of Veterans of Sport section of Venice and Delegation of Veneto in collaboration with the Nursing Home “ Giovanni XXIII “of Monastier. It happened for the first time in Italy on Monday, October 15th at the “Villa delle Magnolie” Service Center in Monastier di Treviso, during the conference during which many important issues related to youth sports were discussed. Students of scientific high schools at sports address “Da Vinci” of Treviso and “Brandolini” Rota di Oderzo who asked the questions to the speakers and students of the Ipsia “Scarpa - Mattei” of Fossalta di Piave “who resumed with their cameras the conference and interviews.

A collaboration between school, journalism, business and sport, strongly desired and carried out by Carlo Mazzanti organizer of the Focus and which was sanctioned by the patronage of the Veneto Region - represented by the Councilor Cristiano Corazzari - of the Veneto Committee of the CONI and the Order of Journalists of the Veneto region and that has allowed more than 100 students present to live “in the field”, the experience of press officers of the event and to listen to the interesting interventions of the many present speakers.

The meeting, titled “Sport e Giovani”, the second edition of the annual Sport & Culture event has welcomed several moments of confrontation between sportsmen, women and men of the regional, national and European institutions, presenting a parterre de rois of the highest level . There was talk of sport and ethics with the award ceremony by the former soccer player and now CEO of “Giovanni XXIII” Gabriele Geretto of 3 special players, especially from the human point of view: Simone Ranzato, 13-year-old from Casale sul Sile ( TV) affected by SMA2 Top Player 2017 and 2018 of the Black Lions team of wheelchair hockey and two Venetian soccer players who donated the marrow Fabio Caramel of Spinea and Marco Giacomini of Noventa di Piave.

“I hope in you! - said Marco Giacomini, Noventa di Piave player, addressing the many young people present in the room - The donation of the bone marrow is nothing more than a blood donation. Out for one arm, inside for each other. 4 hours lying on the bed and even give you chocolate in your mouth “said Marco smiling. I did not do anything important to deserve this award - Marco said humbly that until now he has always avoided interviews but that Monday he wanted to be present to speak to the young person - Nothing important to emphasize in the newspapers but important for the next because marrow donation is essential because it can save a life. Inform yourself - Marco said addressing the students in the room, almost his peers - ask! Because it’s really important “

“It was a very natural thing for me - said Fabio Caramel Spinea player - I was a blood donor and I was asked to register for a possible bone marrow donation. I accepted lightly without even knowing what it was. I was told that one could save a life and actually when I was called for my compatibility I actually understood what it meant. Bone marrow donation is something very simple compared to what you can do by saving a life. In my case there was a person suffering from leukemia and there was a need for a bone marrow donation. The donation is much simpler than one might think because now technology has made big steps forward especially in the world of medicine. Bones are not pierced at least if you opt for the solution of peripherals that both I and Marco Giacomini have adopted. For those who donate blood is a donation comparable to a plasma donation so there are no interventions. We are aware there is a double thorn, a needle that returns the blood and a machine that takes only what it needs and returns immediately to the life of every day without any complication. Thinking then that with a simple donation you have the chance to save a life in 85% of the time I think a little effort is the minimum you can do “

“Sport is very important - Simone Ranzato said - so that you can have fun, get out of the house and discover new friends. And then it also gives us a lot of satisfaction. When last year I received for the first time the award for best wheelchair hockey player - said Simone Ranzato, 13-year-old from Casale sul Sile with SMA2 - I thought maybe they were wrong. When I had the prize in hand, I realized that it was mine“.

With Simone spoke to the youngsters also Sauro Corò Team Manager of the Italian National Weelchair Hockey graduated from the 2018 World Champion.

“In the Paralympic activity, Veneto is one of the most virtuous regions,” said Daniele Furlan, President of the Pomegranate Committee, answering the question of the test tube of the 5 th Scientific High School “Da Vinci” of Treviso Camilla Mascherin - but there is still room for improvement. At a national level only 1.5% of the disabled population practice sport and therefore even if in Veneto we have a somewhat higher percentage of the margin of improvement is above all because sport is sometimes that adjuvant that manages to unite the people but also to get people with disabilities out of their home walls that normally spend almost all their time there “

Those who practice sports must also be aware of their abilities. And so when during the pannel directed by Luigi Bignotti two students of the scientific high school “Da Vinci” of Treviso asked the coach of the Reyer how can a young even not promising find space in the roster of a team like the Reyer, Walter De Raffaele has answered “Find a person who thinks the opposite of all ... I will answer as bluntly as I am. I think that young people are unfortunately losing their hunger a little while ago, and the humility that was there some time ago. This is a big limit and I’m sorry. I have three children and I speak with good reason. Now everything is immediately and everything is easy and of course there is no recipe. I believe that the most important thing is to be humble to have a great desire to sacrifice and try to reach the maximum. That does not necessarily mean arriving in Serie A but it means being the best version of oneself “.

“The most difficult quality to get out of the athletes, especially those who play in the team - said Mario Pollini National Councilor of the Association Trainers - is the ability to understand that each person is useful to others and that working together, suffering together, playing together you reach the result “

According to the 2015 ISTAT-Coni data in Veneto there are 457,665 registered sportspeople there are 5,636 active sports clubs and there are 90,129 sports operators. “In football, companies fall due to economic problems and managerial turnover,” said Giuseppe Ruzza, FIGC Veneto President during the panel coordinated by Mario Caporello, “but the number of players increases and this shows that the desire to play football and play sports it is always high”.

The agonist activity is demanding - said Dr. Maurizio D’Aquino, head of the medical department of the Nursing Home “Giovanni XXIII” of Monastier and sportsman intervening at the conference in the panel directed by Paolo Ghisoni - but it must be done in the right measure. Sport is linked to age and to what is the propensity for a single discipline. But for those who simply want to feel good and make their health a reality it is necessary to practice physical activity at least three times a week “

During the “Sport and Youth” conference there was also talk of teaching physical activity in primary school. “The professional figure who follows motor activity in primary schools - said Guido Guidi Vice President Vicar of the Veneto Conti- must be an expert not only of physical activity itself but also of child psychology. Must have skills in many aspects: health and those related to the diet. An expert at 360 ° because it is about creating a lifestyle that then is what conditions the person for all existence “

The pros and cons of today’s sporting practice compared to the past was the question that Carolina Marchesin of the Liceo Scientifico “Da Vinci” of Treviso has placed to the writer / journalist / player Luca Pinzi, author of the book “Un calcio all’amore” that highlights the psychological difficulties of the athlete who lives the bench “Sport is good from the physical point but can also hurt if the psychological approach is not the right one. In this respect, the adult has a lot of responsibility in accompanying the young person in sport. I refer to the parent who could project on his son all his anxieties of victory. We all want champions, we all want children, we all want very good children in everything. And this does not happen. Each of us does what we can. Those who practice sport must do it first to learn the rules, to have fun, to respect the opponents and then comes the victory that pleases “.

“The most difficult quality to get out of the athletes is the ability to understand at least for team sports - said Mario Pollini national councilor of the association coaches - that each person is useful to others and that working together, suffering together, playing together we achieve the result “

At the end of the conference the “Ercole Olgeni” Prize was awarded to Luigi Brugnaro as entrepreneur and man who has relaunched the sport in the lagoon city and beyond. In a video message, Luigi Brugnaro wanted to thank and greet all those “who believe in sport”. Also the “Giovanni XXIII” Nursing Home of Monastier for all the work it does and for all that has given to Reyer and to the world of sport in general. He then turned to all those present “To you who are involved in sports in both health and technical I say: believe in sport, because young people need a system that works”.

Another “Giorgio Mazzanti” award was given to Ferruccio Gard, RAI’s historic television journalist. 

 

Travel tips for Italians

Travel tips for Italians - ATLANTIS

Travel tips for Italians

Before leaving for abroad

• Know

• Inform

• Make

 

Inform yourself

The www.viaggiaresicuri.it site, edited by the Crisis Unit of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation in collaboration with ACI, provides information as current as possible on all countries of the world.

In the country’s page where you plan to go in the foreground A NOTICE PARTICULAR with an update on the current situation, in particular on specific security issues, weather, epidemics, etc.

Besides the Notice Particular is available the FACT SHEET, which provides updated information about the country in general, with instructions for safety, health outcomes, indications for economic operators, traffic and useful addresses.

Remember to also check www.viaggiaresicuri.it shortly before your departure because security situations of foreign and regulations and administrative measures countries can change rapidly: is data that we continually upgrade.

You can acquire the information through daily active Crisis Telefonica Operative Central Unit (with voice timetable night service):

• Italy 06-491115

• from abroad + 39-06-491115

 

Inform

Before leaving, you can also record your trip on www.dovesiamonelmondo.it site stating your general, the itinerary of the trip and a mobile phone number. By recording the trip, the estimate will more accurately Crisis Unit the number of Italians in crisis areas, identify the identity and schedule servicing when sopraggiunga a severe emergency situation.

All the data are automatically deleted two days after your return, and are used only in case of emergency to facilitate action by the Crisis Unit in case of need.

As well as via the Internet, you can also register with your mobile phone by sending an SMS with a question mark? or with the word HELP to the number 320 2043424, or by phone at 011-2219018 and following the instructions.

 

Make

I strongly encourage anyone who is about to travel abroad temporarily, in their own interest, to obtain the European Health Insurance Card (EHIC), for travel to EU countries, or, for travel outside the EU, a ‘health insurance with adequate ceiling, to cover not only the cost of medical care and treatment carried out at hospitals and health facilities, but also the possible plane transfer to another country or repatriation of the sick, in severe cases even for means of aero-ambulance.

In case of organized tourist trips, we suggest you carefully check the contents of health insurance included in travel packages and, in the absence of adequate safeguards, we strongly recommend taking out individual health insurance policies.

And ‘well known that in many countries the local medical and health standards are different from those in Europe, and often private facilities have very high costs for each type of assistance, care or benefit provided. In recent years, the Directorate General for Italians Abroad and Migration Policies (DGIT) has seen the rise of reported cases of Italians in difficult situations abroad for medical and health reasons.

Remember that the diplomatic-consular missions, while providing the necessary assistance, can not sustain nor grant direct payments to a private nature; only in the most serious and urgent cases, they may grant to nationals not residing in the consular district and who find themselves in situations of hardship loans with restitution promise, which must, however, be repaid to the State upon return to Italy.

To obtain general information on assistance healthcare abroad, please refer to the website of the Ministry of Health, particularly noting “If I start service to ...” that allows you to have information on the right or not to health care during a stay or residence in any country of the world. 

 

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Casa di Cura Giovanni XXIII Monastier - Treviso centralino telefonico +39 0422 8961

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